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Details for Patent: 5,686,568

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Details for Patent: 5,686,568

Title: Platelet aggregration inhibitors
Abstract:An assay for screening snake venom for the presence or absence of platelet aggregation inhibitors (PAIs) based on specific receptor binding is described. Using this assay, the identification and characterization of PAIs in a wide range of snake venom samples was accomplished. The isolated and purified PAI from several of these active snake venoms is described and characterized. In addition, PAIs lacking the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) adhesion sequence but containing K*-(G/Sar)-D wherein K* is a modified lysyl residue of the formula wherein each R.sup.1 is independently H, alkyl(1-6C) or at most one R.sup.1 is R.sup.2 --C.dbd.NR.sup.3 wherein R.sup.2 is H, alkyl(1-6C), phenyl or benzyl, or is NR.sup.4.sub.2 in which each R.sup.4 is independently H or alkyl(1-6C) and R.sup.3 is H, alkyl(1-6C), phenyl or benzyl, or R.sup.2 --C.dbd.NR.sup.3 is a radical selected from the group consisting of: ##STR1## where m is an integer of 2-3, and each R.sup.5 is independently H or alkyl(1-6C); and wherein one or two (CH.sub.2) may be replaced by O or S provided said O or S is not adjacent to another heteroatom are prepared and shown to specifically inhibit the binding of fibrinogen or von Willebrand Factor to GP IIb-IIIa.
Inventor(s): Scarborough; Robert M. (Belmont, CA), Wolf; David Lawrence (Palo Alto, CA), Charo; Israel F. (Lafayette, CA)
Assignee: COR Therapeutics, Inc. (South San Francisco, CA)
Filing Date:Jun 05, 1995
Application Number:08/463,985
Claims:1. A compound of the formula: ##STR10## wherein Y.sub.1 -X.sub.1 is Mpr, n1 is 0, K* is lysine, G or Sar is G, AA.sub.2 is W, n2 is 1, AA.sub.3 is a pipecolic acid residue, n3 is 1, n4 is 0, X.sub.2 is penicillamine, Y.sub.2 is NH.sub.2, and ##STR11## represents a disulfide bond, or a physiologically acceptable basic or acid addition salt thereof.

2. A compound according to claim 1 having the formula: ##STR12##

3. A compound comprising a physiologically acceptable acid addition salt of the compound of claim 2.

4. A compound comprising a platelet aggregation inhibitor of the formula: ##STR13## wherein Y.sub.1 -X.sub.1 is Mpr, n1 is 0, K* is lysine, G or Sar is G, AA.sub.2 is W, n2 is 1, AA.sub.3 is a pipecolic acid residue, n3 is 1, n4 is 0, X.sub.2 is penicillamine, Y.sub.2 is NH.sub.2, and ##STR14## represent a disulfide bond, or a physiologically acceptable basic or acid addition salt thereof.

5. A compound according to claim 4 the platelet aggregation inhibitor having the formula: ##STR15##

6. A compound comprising a physiologically acceptable acid addition salt of the compound of claim 5.

7. A compound consisting essentially of a platelet aggregation inhibitor that inhibits (a) binding of Fg or vWF to GP IIb-IIIa more than (b) binding of vitronectin to vitronectin receptor or fibronectin to fibronectin receptor, which platelet aggregation inhibitor has the formula: ##STR16## wherein Y.sub.1 -X.sub.1 is Mpr, n1 is 0, K* is lysine, G or Sar is G, AA.sub.2 is W, n2 is 1 , AA.sub.3 is a pipecolic acid residue, n3 is 1, n4 is 0, X.sub.2 is penicillamine, Y.sub.2 is NH.sub.2, and ##STR17## represents a disulfide bond, or a physiologically acceptable basic or acid addition salt thereof.

8. A compound according to claim 7, having the formula: ##STR18##

9. A compound comprising a physiologically acceptable acid addition salt of the compound of claim 8.

10. A pharmaceutical composition which comprises a compound as in any of claims 1-9 in admixture with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

11. The compound of claim 10, wherein said compound is present in an mount effective to inhibit platelet aggregation.
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