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Details for Patent: 5,665,773

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Details for Patent: 5,665,773

Title: Cloprostenol and fluprostenol analogues and their use to treat glaucoma and ocular hypertension
Abstract:Disclosed is the use of cloprostenol and fluprostenol analogues for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Also disclosed are ophthalmic compositions comprising said compounds.
Inventor(s): Klimko; Peter G. (Fort Worth, TX), Bishop; John E. (Nashua, NH), Sallee; Verney L. (Burleson, TX), Zinke; Paul W. (Forth Worth, TX)
Assignee: Alcon Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Worth, TX)
Filing Date:Dec 18, 1996
Application Number:08/769,293
Claims:1. A method of treating glaucoma and ocular hypertension which comprises topically administering to the affected eye a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula: ##STR11## wherein: R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O, S, or CH.sub.2 ;

---- represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain, or branched acyl;

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1.sup.1 C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1.sup.1 a cationic salt moiety; and

with the further proviso that the following compounds be excluded:

cyclopentane heptenol-5-cis-2-(3-.alpha.hydroxy-4-m-chlorophenoxy-1-transbutenyl)-3,5-d ihydroxy;

and compounds of the formula: ##STR12## wherein R.sub.1 =hydrogen, a cationic salt moiety, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched alkyl or C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein: R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O; X=O or CH.sub.2 ; R.sub.9 =R.sub.11 H; Y=H and OR.sub.15 ; and R.sub.15 =H.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein: R.sub.1 =H or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched alkyl; and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is selected from the group consisting of 3-oxacloprostenol, 13,14-dihydrofluprostenol, and their pharmaceutically acceptable esters and salts.

5. The method of claim 2, wherein: R.sub.1 =H or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched acyl; and R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein the compound formula (IV) is 13,14-dihydrocloprostenol pivaloate.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein between about 0.01 and about 1000 .mu.gye of the compound is administered.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein between about 0.1 and about 100 .mu.g/eye of the compound is administered.

9. The method of claim 8, wherein between about 0.1 and about 10 .mu.g/eye of the compound is administered.

10. A topical ophthalmic composition for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension comprising an ophthalmically acceptable carrier and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula: ##STR13## wherein: R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O, S, or CH.sub.2 ;

---- represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched a

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1.sup.1 C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1.sup.1 a cationic salt moiety; and

with the further proviso that the following compounds be excluded:

cyclopentane heptenol-5-cis-2-(3-.alpha.hydroxy-4-m-chlorophenoxy-1-transbutenyl)-3,5 dihydroxy;

and compounds of the formula: ##STR14## wherein R.sub.1 =hydrogen, a cationic salt moiety, C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched alkyl or C.sub.3 C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3.

11. The composition of claim 10, wherein: R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O; X=O or CH.sub.2 ; R.sub.9 =R.sub.11 =H; Y=H and OR.sub.15 ; and R.sub.15 =H.

12. The composition of claim 11, wherein: R.sub.1 =H or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched alkyl; and R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O.

13. The composition of claim 12, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is selected from the group consisting of 3-oxacloprostenol, 13,14-dihydrofluprostenol, and their pharmaceutically acceptable esters and salts.

14. The composition of claim 11, wherein: R.sub.1 =H or C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight chain or branched acyl; and R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 H.

15. The composition of claim 14, wherein the compound of formula (IV) is dihydrocloprostenol pivaloate.

16. The composition of claim 10, wherein the concentration of the compound of formula (IV) is between about 0.00003 and about 3 wt %.

17. The composition of claim 16, wherein the concentration of the compound of formula (IV) is between about 0.0003 and about 0.3 wt %.

18. The composition of claim 17, wherein the concentration of the compound of formula (IV) is between about 0.003 and about 0.03 wt %.

19. A compound of formula: ##STR15## wherein: R.sub.1 =H; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched alkyl; C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl; or a cationic salt moiety;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3 =H, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.5 straight-chain or branched alkyl; or R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together may represent O;

X=O;

---- represents any combination of a single bond, or a cis or trans double bond for the alpha (upper) chain; and a single bond or trans double bond for the omega (lower) chain;

R.sub.9 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

R.sub.11 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl;

Y=O; or H and OR.sub.15 in either configuration wherein R.sub.15 =H, C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched alkyl, or C.sub.1 -C.sub.10 straight-chain or branched acyl; and

Z=Cl or CF.sub.3 ;

with the proviso that when R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 taken together represent O, then R.sub.1 .noteq.C.sub.1 -C.sub.12 straight-chain or branched acyl; and when R.sub.2 =R.sub.3 =H, then R.sub.1 .noteq.a cationic salt moiety.

20. The compound of claim 19, having the formula: ##STR16##
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