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Details for Patent: 5,660,849

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Details for Patent: 5,660,849

Title: Apparatus for forming a biodegradable implant precursor
Abstract:The invention is directed to a biodegradable implant precursor having a two-part structure made of an outer sac and a liquid content. The implant precursor is composed of a biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer and a water-miscible organic solvent. When administered to an implant site in an animal, the implant precursor will solidify in situ to a solid, microporous matrix by dissipation of the organic solvent to surrounding tissue fluids and coagulation of the polymer. The invention also includes methods of making the implant precursor, an apparatus for forming the precursor, and a kit containing the apparatus. Also provided are methods of using the implant precursor for treating a tissue defect in an animal, for example, for enhancing cell growth and tissue regeneration, wound and organ repair, nerve regeneration, soft and hard tissue regeneration, and the like, for delivery of biologically-active substances to tissue or organs, and other like therapies.
Inventor(s): Polson; Alan M. (Fort Collins, CO), Swanbom; Deryl D. (Fort Collins, CO), Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Cox; Charles P. (Fort Collins, CO), Norton; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Lowe; Bryan K. (Fort Collins, CO), Peterson; Kenneth S. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories, Inc. (Fort Collins, CO)
Filing Date:Aug 23, 1994
Application Number:08/294,754
Claims:1. A kit comprising, in combination:

(a) an apparatus for forming an implant precursor ex vivo, comprising:

(i) support means for maintaining a polymer composition thereon during formation of an implant precursor; and

(ii) means for compressing the polymer composition during formation of the implant precursor; the support means, the compressing means, or both composed of a material having a hydrophilicity effective to maintain an aqueous medium thereon;

(b) a vial containing the polymer composition comprising a biocompatible, biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer, and a pharmaceutically-acceptable, water soluble organic solvent; and

(c) at least one item selected from the group consisting of:

means for hinging the support means to the compressing means; the hinging means being attachable along one edge of the support means and the compressing means; wherein the compressing means may be pivoted and placed onto the polymer composition on the support means;

at least one spacer means for maintaining a gap between the support means and compressing means of the apparatus when the compressing mean is pivoted and placed on the support means;

a vial containing an aqueous medium.

2. The kit according to claim 1, further comprising:

means for lifting and holding the formed implant precursor;

means for measuring dimensions of a tissue defect or the implant precursor;

a gridded means for measuring the dimensions of the implant precursor;

means for cutting the implant precursor; or

means for removing the aqueous medium from the implant precursor surface.

3. The kit according to claim 1, wherein the material is selected from the group consisting of a porous plastic, sintered stainless steel, porcelain and glass.

4. The kit according to claim 1, wherein the material is a gamma resistant polypropylene.

5. The kit according to claim 1, wherein the material is a blend of a hydrophobic polymer and a surfactant effective to provide the material with a hydrophilic character.

6. The kit according to claim 1, wherein the material is a non-porous plastic in combination with a layer of material capable of absorbing the aqueous medium.

7. The kit according to claim 1, further comprising means for spacing the support means from the compressing means.

8. The kit according to claim 1, wherein the support means, the compressing means, or both, include a recessed area having dimensions of the implant precursor.

9. The kit according to claim 1, further comprising a grid for aiding in trimming of the implant precursor to a desired dimension; the grid being affixed to a surface of the support means, the compressing means, or both.

10. The kit according to claim 1, further comprising means for latching the support means to the compressing means.

11. A kit comprising, in combination:

(a) an apparatus for forming an implant precursor, comprising:

(i) support means for maintaining a polymer composition thereon during formation of the implant precursor; and

(ii) means for compressing the polymer composition during formation of the implant precursor;

wherein the support means, the compressing means, or both are composed of a water absorptive material; and

(b) a vial containing a polymer composition comprising a biocompatible, biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer, and a pharmaceutically-acceptable, water-soluble organic solvent.

12. A kit comprising, in combination:

(a) an apparatus for forming an implant precursor ex vivo, comprising:

(i) a support for maintaining a polymer composition thereon during formation of an implant precursor; and

(ii) a structure for compressing the polymer composition during formation of the implant precursor;

wherein the support, the compressing structure, or both are composed of a material having a hydrophilicity effective to maintain an aqueous medium thereon; and

(b) a vial containing a mixture comprising a biocompatible, biodegradable, water-coagulable thermoplastic polymer, and a pharmaceutically-acceptable, water-soluble organic solvent.

13. The kit according to claim 12, further comprising an item selected from the group consisting of:

a hinge connecting the support to the compressing structure; the hinge being positioned along one edge of the support and the compressing structure, wherein the compressing structure may be pivoted and placed onto the polymer composition on the support;

a spacer for maintaining a gap between the support and compressing structure of the apparatus when the compressing structure is placed on the support;

a latch to connect the support to the compressing structure;

a vial containing an aqueous medium;

a device for lifting and holding the formed implant precursor;

a device for measuring dimensions of a tissue defect or the implant precursor;

a grid for measuring dimensions of the implant precursor;

a device for cutting the implant precursor; and

a device for removing the aqueous medium from the implant precursor surface .
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