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Details for Patent: 5,639,476

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Details for Patent: 5,639,476

Title: Controlled release formulations coated with aqueous dispersions of acrylic polymers
Abstract:A stable solid controlled release formulation having a coating derived from an aqueous dispersion of a hydrophobic acrylic polymer includes a substrate including an active agent selected from the group consisting of a systemically active therapeutic agent, a locally active therapeutic agent, a disinfecting and sanitizing agent, a cleansing agent, a fragrance agent and a fertilizing agent, overcoated with an aqueous dispersion of the plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer. The formulation provides a stable dissolution of the active agent which is unchanged after exposure to accelerated storage conditions.
Inventor(s): Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Chasin; Mark (Manalapan, NJ), Pedi, Jr.; Frank (Yorktown Heights, NY)
Assignee: Euro-Celtique, S.A. (LU)
Filing Date:Jun 02, 1995
Application Number:08/459,110
Claims:1. A controlled release dosage form, comprising a substrate containing an active agent in an amount sufficient to provide a desired effect, said substrate being coated with a plasticized aqueous dispersion consisting essentially of ammonio-methacrylate copolymers which are copolymerizates of acrylic acid and methacrylic acid esters having a low content of quarternary ammonium groups and a further material selected from the group consisting of a polymerizable permeability-enhancing agent, a water-soluble acrylic polymer, a pore-former, and mixtures of any of the foregoing, said dispersion containing no significant amount of other coating polymers,

said coating being applied to said substrate in an amount sufficient to obtain a controlled release of said active agent when said coated substrate is exposed to an environmental fluid, and

said coated substrate being cured at a temperature greater than the glass transition temperature of the aqueous dispersion of said plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer, for about 24 to about 60 hours until a curing endpoint is reached at which said cured coated substrate provides a stabilized dissolution of said active agent which is unchanged after exposure to accelerated storage conditions,

said curing endpoint being determined by comparing the dissolution profile of the dosage form immediately after curing to the dissolution profile of the formulation after exposure to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at a temperature of 40.degree. C. and at a relative humidity of 75% and said active agent is released in an amount which does not vary at any given dissolution time point by more than about 15% of the total amount of therapeutically active agent released, when compared to in-vitro dissolution of said coated substrate prior to storage.

2. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1 which is administered once a day.

3. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1 which is administered twice a day.

4. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, wherein said substrate is a pharmaceutically acceptable bead, and a plurality of said coated, cured beads are placed in a capsule in an amount sufficient to provide an effective dose when said capsule is orally administered.

5. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, wherein said substrate is a coated tablet.

6. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, wherein said active agent is an opioid analgesic selected from the group consisting of hydropmorphone, oxycodone, morphine, levorphanol, methadone, meperidine, heroin, dihydrocodeine, codeine, hydrocodone, tramadol, dihydromorphine, buprenorphine, mixed opiate receptor agonist-antagonists, salts, hydrates and solvents of any of the foregoing, and mixtures of any of the foregoing.

7. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, wherein said coated substrate, when subjected to in-vitro dissolution after exposure to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at a temperature of 40.degree. C. and a relative humidity of 75% releases an amount of said therapeutically active agent which does not vary at any given dissolution time point by more than about 10% of the total amount of active agent released when compared to in-vitro dissolution of said coated substrate prior to storage.

8. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, wherein said coated substrate, when subjected to in-vitro dissolution after exposure to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at a temperature of 40.degree. C. and a relative humidity of 75% releases an amount of said active agent which does not vary at any given dissolution time point by more than about 7% of the total amount of therapeutically active agent released when compared to in-vitro dissolution of said coated substrate prior to storage.

9. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, which provides effective blood levels of said active agent when administered orally for about 24 hours.

10. The controlled release dosage form of claim 1, which provides effective blood levels of said active agent when administered orally for about 12 hours.

11. The formulation of claim 1, wherein said permeability-enhancing compound is a monoethylenically unsaturated quaternary ammonium compound capable of free-radical polymerization.

12. A solid controlled release oral dosage formulation, comprising a substrate containing a systemically active agent in an amount sufficient to provide a desired therapeutic effect when said formulation is orally administered, said substrate being coated with a controlled release coating consisting essentially of a plasticized aqueous dispersion of ammonio-methacrylate copolymers which are copolymerizates of acrylic and methacrylic esters having a low content of quarternary ammonium groups and a further material selected from the group consisting of a polymerizable permeability-enhancing agent, a water-soluble acrylic polymer, a pore-former, and mixtures of the foregoing, said dispersion having no significant amount of other coating polymer to a weight gain sufficient to obtain a controlled release of said systemically active agent when measured by the U.S.P. Paddle or Basket Method at 100 rpm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C. from about 0% to about 42.5% (by wt) systemically active agent released after 2 hours, from about 45% to about 75% (by wt) systemically active agent released after 4 hours and greater than about 55% (by wt) systemically active agent released after 6 hours, said coated substrate when subjected to accelerated storage conditions of at least one month at a temperature of 40.degree. C. and a relative humidity of 75% releasing an amount of said systemically active agent upon in-vitro dissolution which does not vary at any given time point by more than about 15% of the total amount of systemically active agent released when compared to in-vitro dissolution conducted prior to storage, and when administered orally providing effective blood levels of said systemically active agent for at least about 12 hours, and

said coated substrate being cured by being subjected to a temperature greater than the glass transition temperature of the aqueous dispersion of said plasticized water-insoluble acrylic polymer, for about 24 to about 60 hours until a curing endpoint is reached at which said cured coated substrate provides a stabilized dissolution of said active agent which is unchanged after exposure to accelerated storage conditions.

13. The formulation of claim 12, wherein said permeability-enhancing compound is a monoethylenically unsaturated quaternary ammonium compound capable of free-radical polymerization.
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