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Details for Patent: 5,632,727

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Details for Patent: 5,632,727

Title: Biodegradable film dressing and method for its formation
Abstract:The invention is directed to a biodegradable film dressing with or without additional therapeutic agents, an apparatus for spray delivery and a method for formation of the film dressing on a human or animal tissue. The film dressing is formed from a liquid composition of at least one biodegradable/bioerodible thermoplastic polymer in a pharmaceutically acceptable solvent. The spray apparatus includes a vessel containing the liquid composition with a dispensing means. The film is formed by dispensing, preferably by spraying, the liquid composition onto a tissue site and contacting the liquid composition with an aqueous based fluid to coagulate or solidify the film onto the human or animal tissue. The biodegradable film can be used to protect and to promote healing of injured tissue and/or to deliver biologically active agents.
Inventor(s): Tipton; Arthur J. (Birmingham, AL), Fujita; Shawn M. (Amsterdam, NL), Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Atrix Laboratories, Inc. (Ft. Collins, CO)
Filing Date:Jun 07, 1995
Application Number:08/487,547
Claims:1. A biodegradable microporous film dressing comprised of a skin and a core portion, the skin portion having pores with a smaller diameter than pores of the core portion; wherein the film dressing is formed by contacting a composition comprising a biodegradable thermoplastic polymer that is insoluble in aqueous or body fluids, and an organic solvent that is soluble in aqueous or body fluids, with an aqueous or body fluid whereupon the composition coagulates or solidifies to form the microporous film dressing.

2. The film dressing of claim 1, wherein the film dressing is formed by administering the composition onto a tissue, and the core portion of the film dressing is oriented under the skin portion and in contact with the tissue.

3. The film dressing of claim 1, wherein the film dressing is formed by administering the composition onto a tissue, and the skin portion of the film dressing is oriented under the core portion and in contact with the tissue.

4. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the biodegradable thermoplastic polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyethylene glycols, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polyketals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(amino acids), poly(methyl vinyl ether) and copolymers, terpolymers, and combinations thereof.

5. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the organic solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, acetone, acetic acid, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, propylene carbonate, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one, and mixtures thereof.

6. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the diameter of the pores of the skin portion and the core portion is about 3-500 microns.

7. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the biodegradable film is capable of providing a mechanical barrier, a microbial barrier, or a combination thereof, on a tissue.

8. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein water, oxygen, nutrients, or a combination thereof, can diffuse through the film.

9. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the biodegradable film has a low oxygen permeability, low water permeability, or a combination thereof.

10. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the microporous film is capable of providing a transdermal delivery system of a biologically-active agent.

11. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the film dressing is administered to skin, a surgical incision, a body cavity, burn, tissue defect, or a combination thereof.

12. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the film dressing is in the form of a bandage, suture, surgical barrier, wound dressing, or combination thereof.

13. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the film dressing is formed by administering the composition onto a tissue, and the film dressing binds the tissue to another tissue.

14. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the composition has a viscosity that allows the composition to be aerosolized, and the composition is sprayed onto tissue and coagulates or solidifies to provide an adhesive and cohesive film dressing on the surface of the tissue.

15. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, further comprising a pore-forming agent.

16. The microporous film dressing of claim 15, wherein the pore-forming agent is a sugar, salt, or water-soluble polymer, or a water-insoluble polymer that degrades to a water-soluble polymer.

17. The microporous film dressing of claim 15, wherein the pore-forming agent is a polymer selected from the group consisting of hydroxylpropylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and combinations and mixtures thereof.

18. The microporous film dressing of claim 1, wherein the composition further comprises a biologically-active agent.

19. The microporous film dressing of claim 18, wherein the biologically-active agent is selected from the group consisting of antibacterial agents, antiviral agents, antifungal agents, antiparasitic agents, anti-inflammatory agents, antihistamines, anaesthetics, analgesics, anticholinergic agents, anti-neoplastic agents, growth factors, hormones, hormone regulators, cardiovascular agents, tranquilizers, central nervous system agents, osteo-inductive agents, kerolytic agents, ultraviolet screening agents, antiperspirants, vitamins, and mixtures and combinations thereof.

20. The microporous film dressing of claim 18, wherein the biologically-active agent is capable of altering cell growth, bone growth, tissue regeneration, wound healing, nerve stimulation, or a combination thereof.

21. The microporous film dressing of claim 18, wherein the biodegradable film further comprises an agent capable of altering percutaneous absorption of the biologically active agent.

22. The microporous film dressing of claim 21, wherein the absorption altering agent is selected from the group consisting of propylene glycol, glycerol, urea, diethyl sebecate, sodium lauryl sulfate, sodium laurye sulfate, sorbitan ethoxylates, oleic acid, pyrrolidone carboxylate esters, N-methyl pyrrolidone, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, alkyl methyl sulfoxides, and mixtures thereof.
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