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Details for Patent: 5,596,078

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Details for Patent: 5,596,078

Title: Synthesis of cyclic peptides
Abstract:A process for preparing and purifying cyclic peptides having disulfide moieties in a single processing operation which simplifies synthesis and reduces production costs, yet produces high, quality yield. Higher yields are obtained by isolating the desired cyclic compound through direct ion exchange chromatography as an integral part of the single process. The improved process is particularly useful for the preparation of vasopressin and oxytocin and their respective derivatives and analogs.
Inventor(s): Andersson; Lars H. H. (Lund, SE), Skoldback; Jan-Ake (Malmo, SE)
Assignee: Ferring AB (Malmo, SE)
Filing Date:Apr 18, 1995
Application Number:08/423,415
Claims:1. A method for preparing and purifying cyclic peptide compounds containing a disulfide moiety, comprising the steps of:

a) forming a first solution by adding to a protic solvent at neutral or acidic pH, a non-cyclic peptide containing the following sequence:

.beta.-mercapto-propionyl-Tyr-Phe-Gln-Asn-Cys-Pro-D-Arg-Gly-NH.sub.2 (SEQ ID NO: 1) said non-cyclic peptide having at least two reactive, protected or non-protected sulfhydryl groups;

b) forming a second solution of iodine dissolved in a protic solvent;

c) introducing said second solution containing iodine to said first solution containing said non-cyclic peptide such that the amount of iodine present in the resulting mixture is at least about stoichiometric with respect to the sulfhydryl groups;

d) allowing the mixture resulting from step (c) sufficient time for disulfide moiety formation and conversion of said non-cyclic peptide to said cyclic peptide compound;

e) adding the mixture of (d) containing said cyclic peptide compound directly to a separation column containing cation exchange resin;

f) eluting said cyclic peptide compound; and

g) isolating said cyclic peptide compound.

2. A method for preparing and purifying cyclic peptide compounds containing a disulfide moiety, comprising the steps of:

a) forming a first solution by adding to a protic solvent at neutral or acidic pH, a non-cyclic peptide said non-cyclic peptide having at least two reactive, protected or non-protected sulfhydryl groups;

b) forming a second solution of iodine dissolved in a protic solvent;

c) introducing said second solution containing iodine to said first solution containing said non-cyclic peptide such that the amount of iodine present in the resulting mixture is at least about stoichiometric with respect to the sulfhydryl groups;

d) allowing the mixture resulting from step (c) sufficient time for disulfide moiety formation and conversion of said non-cyclic peptide to a cyclic peptide compound containing the following sequence: ##STR8## where: Hmp is 2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropionic acid, and

Dab is 2,4-diaminobutyric acid;

e) adding the mixture of (d) containing said cyclic peptide compound directly to a separation column containing cation exchange resin;

f) eluting said cyclic peptide compound; and

g) isolating said cyclic peptide compound.

3. A method for preparing and purifying cyclic peptide compounds containing a disulfide moiety, comprising the steps of:

a) forming a first solution by adding to a protic solvent at neutral or acidic pH, a non-cyclic peptide said non-cyclic peptide having at least two reactive, protected or non-protected sulfhydryl groups;

b) forming a second solution of iodine dissolved in a protic solvent;

c) introducing said second solution containing iodine to said first solution containing said non-cyclic peptide such that the amount of iodine present in the resulting mixture is at least about stoichiometric with respect to the sulfhydryl groups;

d) allowing the mixture resulting from step (c) sufficient time for disulfide moiety formation and conversion of said non-cyclic peptide to a cyclic peptide compound containing the following sequence: ##STR9## where: Hmp is 2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropionic acid,

Hgn is homoglutamine, and Dab(Abu) denotes: ##STR10## e) adding the mixture of (d) containing said cyclic peptide compound directly to a separation column containing cation exchange resin;

f) eluting said cyclic peptide compound; and

g) isolating said cyclic peptide compound.

4. A method for preparing and purifying cyclic peptide compounds containing a disulfide moiety, comprising the steps of:

a) forming a first solution by adding to a protic solvent at neutral or acidic pH, a non-cyclic peptide said non-cyclic peptide having at least two reactive, protected or non-protected sulfhydryl groups;

b) forming a second solution of iodine dissolved in a protic solvent;

c) introducing said second solution containing iodine to said first solution containing said non-cyclic peptide such that the amount of iodine present in the resulting mixture is at least about stoichiometric with respect to the sulfhydryl groups;

d) allowing the mixture resulting from step (c) sufficient time for disulfide moiety formation and conversion of said non-cyclic peptide to the cyclic peptide compound, lysylvasopressin having the following structure: ##STR11## e) adding the mixture of (d) containing said cyclic peptide compound directly to a separation column containing cation exchange resin;

f) eluting said cyclic peptide compound; and

g) isolating said cyclic peptide compound.

5. A method for preparing and purifying cyclic peptide compounds containing a disulfide moiety, comprising the steps of:

a) forming a first solution by adding to a protic solvent at neutral or acidic pH, a non-cyclic peptide said non-cyclic peptide having at least two reactive, protected or non-protected sulfhydryl groups;

b) forming a second solution of iodine dissolved in a protic solvent;

c) introducing said second solution containing iodine to said first solution containing said non-cyclic peptide such that the amount of iodine present in the resulting mixture is at least about stoichiometric with respect to the sulfhydryl groups;

d) allowing the mixture resulting from step (c) sufficient time for disulfide moiety formation and conversion of said non-cyclic peptide to the cyclic peptide compound, triglycylvasopressin having the following structure: ##STR12## e) adding the mixture of (d) containing said cyclic peptide compound directly to a separation column containing cation exchange resin;

f) eluting said cyclic peptide compound; and

g) isolating said cyclic peptide compound.
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