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Details for Patent: 5,570,683

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Details for Patent: 5,570,683

Title: Methods and devices for treating pulmonary vasoconstriction and asthma
Abstract:A method for treating or preventing bronchoconstriction or reversible pulmonary vasoconstriction in a mammal, which method includes (a) causing the mammal to inhale a therapeutically-effective amount of gaseous nitric oxide and (b) introducing into the mammal a therapeutically-effective amount of a phosphodiesterase inhibiting compound; and an inhaler device containing nitric oxide gas and a phosphodiesterase inhibiting compound.
Inventor(s): Zapol; Warren M. (Concord, MA)
Assignee: The General Hospital Corporation (Boston, MA)
Filing Date:Apr 01, 1994
Application Number:08/222,256
Claims:1. A method for treating or preventing reversible pulmonary vasoconstriction in a mammal, which method comprises

identifying a mammal in need of such treatment or prevention,

providing a therapeutically-effective amount of gaseous nitric oxide for inhalation by the mammal, and

before, during, or immediately after said gaseous nitric oxide is inhaled by the mammal, introducing into the mammal a therapeutically-effective amount of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said pulmonary vasoconstriction is acute pulmonary vasoconstriction.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said mammal has or is at risk of developing a clinical condition selected from the group consisting of pneumonia, traumatic injury, aspiration or inhalation injury, fat embolism in the lung, acidosis, inflammation of the lung, adult respiratory distress syndrome, acute mountain sickness, post cardiac surgery acute pulmonary hypertension, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, perinatal aspiration syndrome, hyaline membrane disease, acute pulmonary thromboembolism, acute pulmonary edema, heparin-protamine reactions, sepsis, hypoxia, asthma, and status asthmaticus.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein said pulmonary vasoconstriction is chronic pulmonary vasoconstriction which has a reversible component.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein said mammal has or is at risk of developing a clinical condition selected from the group consisting of chronic pulmonary hypertension, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, chronic pulmonary thromboembolism, idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, and chronic hypoxia.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein said nitric oxide is inhaled in a predetermined concentration range for at least three minutes.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein said gaseous nitric oxide is provided at a concentration of at least 0.01 ppm.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein said gaseous nitric oxide is provided at a concentration of at least 0.5 ppm.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein said gaseous nitric oxide is provided at a concentration of at least 5 ppm.

10. The method of claim 1 wherein said inhibitor is selective for a cyclic GMP-specific phosphodiesterase.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein said inhibitor is 2-o-propoxyphenyl-8-azapurin-6-one.

12. The method of claim 1, wherein said inhibitor is introduced into the mammal by an oral, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, or intraperitoneal route.

13. The method of claim 1, wherein said inhibitor is introduced into the mammal by providing an aerosol or dry powder comprising said inhibitor for inhalation by the mammal.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein said inhibitor is inhaled in a gas comprising said gaseous nitric oxide.

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the mammal is a human.

16. A method for treating or preventing pulmonary vasoconstriction in a mammal, which method comprises

providing a therapeutically-effective amount of a nitric oxide-releasing compound to a mammal for inhalation; and

before, during, or immediately after said nitric oxide-releasing compound is inhaled by the mammal, providing a therapeutically-effective amount of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor to the mammal for inhalation.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein said phosphodiesterase inhibitor is a cyclic GMP-specific phosphodiesterase inhibitor.

18. A method for treating or preventing bronchoconstriction in a mammal, which method comprises

identifying a mammal in need of such treatment or prevention,

providing a therapeutically-effective dose of gaseous nitric oxide for inhalation by the mammal, and

before, during, or immediately after said gaseous nitric oxide is inhaled by the mammal, introducing into the mammal a therapeutically-effective amount of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor.

19. The method of claim 18, wherein the mammal is a human.

20. The method of claim 18, wherein said phosphodiesterase inhibitor selectively inhibits cyclic GMP-specific phosphodiesterase.

21. The method of claim 20, wherein said phosphodiesterase inhibitor is 2-o-propoxyphenyl-8-azapurin-6-one.

22. The method of claim 18, wherein said inhibitor is introduced into the mammal by an oral, intravenous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, or intraperitoneal route.

23. The method of claim 18, wherein said inhibitor is introduced into the mammal by providing an aerosol or dry powder comprising said inhibitor for inhalation by the mammal.

24. The method of claim 23, wherein said aerosol or dry powder is provided suspended in a gas mixture comprising nitric oxide.

25. The method of claim 18, wherein said bronchoconstriction is associated with asthma.

26. A method of improving gas exchange in the lungs of a mammal, said method comprising

identifying a mammal for whom an improvement in gas exchange within the lungs would be beneficial;

providing a therapeutically-effective amount of gaseous nitric oxide to the mammal for inhalation, and

before, during, or immediately after said gaseous nitric oxide is inhaled by the mammal, introducing into the mammal a therapeutically-effective amount of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor.

27. The method of claim 26, wherein the mammal is hypoxic.

28. The method of claim 26, wherein the mammal is a human suffering from a lung injury.

29. A method of delivering a phosphodiesterase inhibitor into the lungs of a mammal, said method comprising providing said phosphodiesterase inhibitor suspended in a gas comprising gaseous nitric oxide to a mammal for inhalation.

30. An inhaler device comprising

a housing defining (a) a chamber containing a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, and (b) a lumen in communication with said chamber; and

a vessel containing pressurized gas comprising at least 0.1 ppm nitric oxide, said vessel having a mechanism for controllably releasing said gas into said chamber, thereby suspending said inhibitor in said released gas; said lumen being configured to route said released gas into a patient's respiratory system.

31. The device of claim 30, wherein said inhibitor is selective for cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase.

32. The device of claim 31, wherein said inhibitor is 2-o-propoxyphenyl-8-azapurin-6-one.

33. The device of claim 30, wherein said vessel also has a mechanism for controllably releasing said gas into said lumen, in a manner that bypasses said chamber.
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