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Details for Patent: 5,514,409

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Details for Patent: 5,514,409

Title: Methods for coating invasive devices with inhibitors of thrombin
Abstract:This invention relates to coating invasive devies with novel biologically active molecules which bind to and inhibit thrombin. These molecules comprise a catalytic site directed moiety (CSDM) of the formula: ##STR1## wherein X is hydrogen or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 100 atoms; R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted, mono-substituted, di-substituted and tri-substituted saturated ring structures; R.sub.2 is a bond or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 5 atoms; R.sub.3 is a bond or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 3 atoms; R.sub.4 is any amino acid; R.sub.5 is any L-amino acid which comprises a guanidinium- or amino-containing side chain group; R.sub.6 is a non-amide bond; and Y is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 9 atoms; or the formula: ##STR2## wherein R.sub.1 ' is selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted, mono-substituted, di-substituted and tri-substituted ring structures; R.sub.4 ' is any amino acid comprising a side chain group characterized by the capacity to accept a hydrogen bond at a pH of between about 5.5 and 9.5; and X, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.5, R.sub.6 and Y are defined as above. Preferred thrombin inhibitors are further characterized by a anion binding exosite associating domain (ABEAM) and a linker portion of between 18 .ANG. and 42 .ANG. in length which connects the Y to the ABEAM.
Inventor(s): Maraganore; John M. (Concord, MA), Bourdon; Paul R. (Sommerville, MA), Jablonski; Jo-Ann M. (Middleborough, MA)
Assignee: Biogen, Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
Filing Date:May 02, 1995
Application Number:08/431,678
Claims:1. A method for coating the surface of an invasive device to be inserted into a patient, said method comprising the step of contacting said surface with a composition comprising:

(a) a catalytic site-directed thrombin inhibitor characterized by the formula: ##STR10## wherein X is HN; R.sub.1 is cyclohexyl; R.sub.2 is CH.sub.2 --12CH; R.sub.3 is C.dbd.O; R.sub.4 is Pro or any amino acid comprising a side chain group characterized by the capacity to accept a hydrogen bond at a pH of between 5.5 and 9.5; R.sub.5 is any L-amino acid which comprises a guanidinium- or amino-containing side chain group; R.sub.6 is a non-amide bond that retards or prevents the cleavage of said inhibitor by thrombin; and Y is selected from the group consisting of sarcosine, N-methyl alanine, hydroxyproline and any naturally occurring L-.alpha.-amino acid; and the amino acid defined by components X, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and R.sub.3 is in the D configuration; and

(b) a suitable buffer.

2. A method for coating the surface of an invasive device to be inserted into a patient, said method comprising the step of contacting said surface with a composition comprising:

(a) a thormbin inhibitor consisting of:

i) a catalytic site directed moiety (CSDM) of the formula: ##STR11## wherein X is hydrogen or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 100 atoms; R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted, mono-substituted, di-substituted and tri-substituted saturated homocyclic or heterocyclic ring structures; R.sub.2 is a bond or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 5 atoms; R.sub.3 is a bond or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 3 atoms; R.sub.4 is any amino acid; R.sub.5 is any L-amino acid which comprises a guanidinium- or amino-containing side chain group; R.sub.6 is a non-amide bond; and Y is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 9 atoms;

ii) a linker moiety bonded to Y, said linker moiety characterized by a backbone chain having a calculated length of between 18 .ANG. and 42 .ANG.; and

iii) an anion binding exosite associating moiety, said catalytic site-directed moiety being bound to said linker moiety and said linker moiety being bound to said anion binding exosite associating moiety; wherein said inhibitor is capable of simultaneously binding to the catalytic site and the anion binding exosite of thrombin; and

(b) a suitable buffer.

3. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said thrombin inhibitor comprises the amino acid sequence:

4. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein R.sub.4 is selected from the group consisting of histidine, thioproline and isonipecotic acid.

5. The method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said patient is a human.

6. The method according to claim 2, wherein said anion binding exosite associating moiety consists of the formula:

wherein W is a bond; B.sub.1 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.2 is any amino acid; B.sub.3 is Ile, Val, Leu, Nle or Phe; B.sub.4 is Pro, Hyp, 3,4-dehydroPro, thiazolidine-4-carboxylate, Sar, any N-methyl amino acid or D-Ala; B.sub.5 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.6 is an anionic amino acid; B.sub.7 is a lipophilic amino acid selected from the group consisting of Tyr, Trp, Phe, Leu, Nle, Ile, Val, Cha, Pro, or a dipeptide consisting of one of said lipophilic amino acids and any amino acid; B.sub.8 is a bond or a peptide containing from one to five independently selected residues of any amino acid; and Z is OH or is characterized by a backbone chain consisting of from 1 to 6 atoms.

7. The method according to claim 6, wherein B.sub.1 is Glu; B.sub.2 is Glu; B.sub.3 is Ile; B.sub.4 is Pro; B.sub.5 is Glu; B.sub.6 is Glu; B.sub.7 is Tyr-Leu, Tyr(SO.sub.3 H)-Leu, Tyr(OSO.sub.3 H)-Leu or (3-, 5-diiodoTyr)-Leu; B.sub.8 is a bond; and Z is OH.

8. The method according to claim 2, wherein said backbone chain of said linker moiety consists of any combination of atoms selected from the group consisting of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen.

9. The method according to claim 8, wherein said linker comprises the amino acid sequence: Gly-Gly-Gly-Asn-Gly-Asp-Phe.

10. The method according to claim 2, wherein said thrombin inhibitor is D-Cha-Hirulog-8.

11. The method according to claim 2, wherein X is H.sub.2 N; R.sub.1 is selected from the group consisting of unsubstituted, monosubstituted, disubstituted and trisubstituted cyclohexyl; R.sub.2 is CH.sub.2 --CH; and R.sub.3 is C.dbd.O.
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