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Details for Patent: 5,455,279

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Details for Patent: 5,455,279

Title: Regimen method of mediating neuronal damage using nitroglycerine
Abstract:Disclosed is a method for decreasing NMDA receptor-mediated neuronal damage in a mammal by administering to the mammal a nitroso-compound that generates nitric-oxide or related redox species, in a concentration effective to effect neuroprotection. Also disclosed is a method for decreasing NMDA receptor-mediated neuronal damage in a mammal by administering to the mammal a nitroso-compound that generates nitric oxide (or a related redox species such as NO.sup.31 or NO.sup.+ equivalent), or a physiologically concentration effective to cause such neuroprotection.
Inventor(s): Lipton; Stuart A. (Newton, MA)
Assignee: The Children's Medical Center Corporation (Boston, MA)
Filing Date:Mar 02, 1993
Application Number:08/025,028
Claims:1. A method of administering nitroglycerin to a patient in need thereof to protect against neuronal degeneration, said method comprising

administering nitroglycerin over time at escalating dosages to establish tolerance to blood pressure reduction caused by nitroglycerin, and, thereafter,

administering a neuroprotective dosage of nitroglycerin, high enough to reduce blood pressure in a naive individual, whereby the patient's blood pressure is reduced less by said neuroprotective dosage than the blood pressure reduction experienced by a naive individual receiving said neuroprotective dosage.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said neuronal degeneration is incident to ischemia.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said neuronal degeneration is incident to stroke or cardiovascular disease.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered in multiple progressively higher dosages until said neuroprotective dosage is achieved, and then said nitroglycerin is administered multiple times at said neuroprotective dosage level.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered orally.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered by transdermal patch.

7. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered at said neuroprotective dosage level by a patch having a surface area exceeding 50 cm.sup.2.

8. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered at said neuroprotective dosage level by a patch loaded to deliver more than 3.0 mg/hr.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered at said neuroprotective dosage level by a patch containing at least 30 mg of nitroglycerin.

10. The method of claim 1 wherein said nitroglycerin is administered to said patient continuously for a period exceeding 12 hours.

11. The method of claim 10 wherein said nitoglycerin is administered to said patient continuously for a period exceeding 24 hours.
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