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Details for Patent: 5,414,011

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Details for Patent: 5,414,011

Title: Preservative system for ophthalmic formulations
Abstract:Stable, clear, antimicrobially effective, ophthalmic formulations are disclosed which provide an antimicrobially effective preservative. The formulations include an ophthalmologically effective amount of a drug, which is a --COOH group-containing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) alone or in combination with an antibiotic drug, and a preservative system formed of a quaternary ammonium preservative and a nonionic polyoxyethylated octylphenol surfactant, all in an aqueous vehicle. The preservative system can be used with other formulations which require the preservative to be ophthamologically acceptable and antimicrobially effective. These formulations are useful for treating diseases and/or conditions that are either caused by, associated with or accompanied by inflammatory processes, including, among others, glaucoma, cystoid macular edema, uveitis, diabetic retinopathy and conjunctivitis, or any trauma caused by eye surgery or eye injury. When the formulation is further comprised of an ophthalmologically acceptable antibiotic, the antibiotic is preferably tobramycin which has been found not to interfere with the rate of diffusion of the NSAID. The combination of the NSAID and antibiotic is particularly effective in simultaneously preventing and/or eliminating infection while preventing and/or eliminating inflammation.
Inventor(s): Fu; Cherng-Chyi R. (Saratoga, CA), Lidgate; Deborah M. (Los Altos, CA)
Assignee: Syntex (U.S.A.) Inc. (Palo Alto, CA)
Filing Date:Mar 28, 1989
Application Number:07/329,451
Claims:1. An ophthalmologically acceptable ketorolac formulation, comprising:

ketorolac in an effective amount for ophthalmic treatment between 0.001% and 10.0% wt/vol;

an ophthalmologically acceptable antibiotic in an effective amount for ophthalmic treatment between 0.001% and 10.0% wt/vol;

a quaternary ammonium preservative in an amount between 0.001% and 1.0% wt/vol;

octoxynol 40 in a stabilizing amount between 0.001% and 1.0% wt/vol; and

an aqueous vehicle q.s. to 100%.

2. The formulation of claim 1 wherein said quaternary ammonium preservative is benzalkonium chloride.

3. The formulation of claim 2 wherein said antibiotic is tobramycin.

4. The formulation of claim 3, further comprising:

a chelating agent in an amount between 0.01% and 1.0% wt/vol;

a tonicifier q.s. to achieve isotonicity with lacrimal fluid; and

1N NaOH or 1N HCl q.s. to adjust pH to 7.4.+-.0.4.

5. The formulation of claim 4, comprising:

6. A method of treating ophthalmic disease, comprising administering to a mammal suffering therefrom a ketorolac formulation comprising:

ketorolac in an effective amount for ophthalmic treatment between 0.001% and 10.0% wt/vol;

an ophthalmologically acceptable antibiotic in an effective amount for ophthalmic treatment between 0.001% and 10.0% wt/vol;

a quaternary ammonium preservative in an amount between 0.001% and 1.0% wt/vol

octoxynol 40 in a stabilizing amount between 0.001% and 1.0% wt/vol; and

an aqueous vehicle q.s. to 100%.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein said quaternary ammonium preservative is benzalkonium chloride.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein said antibiotic is tobramycin.

9. The method of claim 8, further comprising:

a chelating agent in an amount between 0.01% and 1.0% wt/vol;

a tonicifier q.s. to achieve isotonicity with lacrimal fluid; and

1N NaOH or 1N HCl q.s. to adjust pH to 7.4.+-.0.4.

10. The method of claim 9, comprising:
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