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Details for Patent: 5,409,688

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Details for Patent: 5,409,688

Title: Gaseous ultrasound contrast media
Abstract:Disclosed herein are agents for enhancing the contrast in an ultrasound image. These agents are extremely small bubbles, or "microbubbles," comprised of specially selected gases. The microbubbles described herein exhibit long life spans in solution and may be produced at a size small enough to traverse the lungs, thus enabling improved ultrasound imaging of the cardiovascular system and other vital organs. Also disclosed herein is a method for selecting gases from which contrast agents may be produced. The method is based on calculations using inherent physical properties of gases and describes a means to associate the properties of a gas with the time for dissolution of microbubbles comprised of the gas.
Inventor(s): Quay; Steven C. (Pacific Palisades, CA)
Assignee: Sonus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Bothell, WA)
Filing Date:Jun 05, 1992
Application Number:07/893,657
Claims:1. Biocompatible ultrasound contrast media comprising free gas microbubbles of a fluorine-containing hydrocarbon.

2. Contrast media of claim 1 comprising a suspension of gas bubbles smaller than 8 microns in a biocompatible aqueous liquid vehicle.

3. Biocompatible ultrasound contrast media comprising free gas microbubbles of sulfur hexafluoride.

4. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is hexafluoropropylene.

5. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is octafluoropropane.

6. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is hexafluoroethane.

7. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is octafluoro-2-butene.

8. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is hexafluoro-2-butyne.

9. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is hexafluorobuta-1,3-diene.

10. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is octafluorocyclobutane.

11. Contrast media of claim 1 wherein the gas is decafluorobutane.

12. The media according to claim 1 wherein said microbubbles are 8 microns or smaller.

13. The media according to claim 1 wherein said microbubbles form a suspension in an aqueous liquid vehicle.

14. Biocompatible ultrasound contrast media comprising free gas microbubbles of a fluorine containing hydrocarbon in a solution, said gas having a Q coefficient greater than 30, where Q is the time for complete dissolution of a microbubble of said gas compared to the time for complete dissolution of a microbubble of air in said same solution.

15. Biocompatible ultrasound contrast media comprising free gas microbubbles of a fluorine containing hydrocarbon in a solution, said microbubbles having a persistence adequate to survive in the bloodstream long enough that they may be peripherally intravenously infused, travel through the right heart, through the lungs, and into the left cardiac chambers without dissolving into said solution.

16. Biocompatible ultrasound contrast media for image enhancement comprising free gas microbubbles of dodecafluoropentane.
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