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Details for Patent: 5,399,363

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Details for Patent: 5,399,363

Title: Surface modified anticancer nanoparticles
Abstract:Dispersible particles consisting essentially of a crystalline anticancer agent having a surface modifier adsorbed on the surface thereof in an amount sufficient to maintain an effective average particle size of less than about 1000 nm. Anticancer compositions comprising the particles exhibit reduced toxicity and/or enhanced efficacy, and can be administered by IV bolus injection.
Inventor(s): Liversidge; Gary G. (West Chester, PA), Liversidge; Elaine (West Chester, PA), Sarpotdar; Pramod P. (Malvern, PA)
Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company (Rochester, NY)
Filing Date:Jul 01, 1992
Application Number:07/908,125
Claims:1. Particles consisting essentially of 99.9% by weight of a crystalline medicament useful in treating cancer susceptible to treatment with said medicament, said medicament having a solubility in water of less than 10 mg/ml, and having a non-crosslinked surface modifier adsorbed on the surface thereof in an amount of 0.1-90% by weight and sufficient to maintain an average effective particle size of less than 1000 nm, wherein said medicament is selected from the group consisting of alkylating agents selected from the group consisting of alkylating agents having a bis-(2-chloroethyl)-amine group, alkylating agents having a substituted aziridine group, alkyl sulfonates, and N-alkyl-N-nitrosoureas; antimetabolites; natural products selected from the group consisting of vinca alkaloids, epipophylotoxins, adriamycine, daunomycine, doctinomycine, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, mithramycin, bleomycin, mitomycin, enzymes, biological response modifiers, camptothecin, taxol and retinoids; hormones and antagonists: radiosensitizers; platinum coordination complexes; anthracenediones; and adrenocortical suppressants.

2. The particles of claim 1 having an average effective particles size of less than 400 nm.

3. The particles of claim 1 having an average effective particle size of less than 300 nm.

4. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is present in an amount of 1 to 75% by weight.

5. The particles of claim 1 wherein said anticancer agent is selected from the group consisting of piposulfan, piposulfam, camptothecin, etoposide, taxol, 1,2,4-benzotriazin-3-amine 1,4-dioxide, 1,2,4-benzotriazin-7-amine 1,4-dioxide and retinoic acid.

6. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is selected from the group consisting of polyvinyl alcohol, a tetrafunctional block copolymer derived from sequential addition of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide to ethylenediamine, gum acacia, a block copolymer of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, a polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester, and a sorbitan ester of a fatty acid.

7. The particles of claim 1 wherein said anticancer agent is taxol and said surface modifier comprises a polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid ester.

8. An anticancer composition comprising the particles of claim 1.

9. A method of treating a mammal comprising administering to the mammal an effective amount of the anticancer composition of claim 8.

10. In a method of treating a mammal comprising administering to the mammal an effective amount of an anticancer agent, the improvement wherein the efficacy of said anticancer agent is increased by administering said anticancer agent in the form of the particles of claim 1.

11. In a method of treating a mammal comprising administering to the mammal an effective amount of an anticancer agent, the improvement wherein the toxicity of said anticancer agent is reduced by administering said anticancer agent in the form of the particles of claim 1.

12. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is a surfactant.

13. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is a nonionic surfactant.

14. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is an anionic surfactant.

15. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is selected from the group consisting of gelatin, casein, gum acacia, cholesterol, tragacanth, stearic acid, benzalkonium chloride, calcium stearate, glyceryl monostearate, cetostearyl alcohol, cetomacrogol emulsifying wax, sorbitan esters, polyoxyethylene alkyl ethers, polyoxyethylene castor oil derivatives, polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyethylene glycols, polyoxyethylene stearates, colloidol silicon dioxide, phosphates, sodium dodecylsulfate, carboxymethylcellulose calcium, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, methylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, hydroxypropylmethylcellulose phthalate, noncrystalline cellulose, magnesium aluminum silicate, triethanolamine, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyipyrrolidone, poloxomers, tyloxapol, poloxamines, dextran, a dioctyl ester of sodium sulfosuccinic acid, sodium lauryl sulfate, an alkyl aryl polyether sulfonate, a mixture of sucrose stearate and sucrose distearate, hexyldecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, bovine serum albumin and C.sub.18 H.sub.37 CH.sub.2 (CON(CH.sub.3)CH.sub.2 (CHOH).sub.4 CH.sub.2 OH).sub.2.

16. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is present in an amount of 10 to 60% by weight based on the total weight of the dry particle.

17. The particles of claim 1 wherein said surface modifier is present in an amount of 10 to 30% by weight based on the total weight of the dry particle.
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