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Details for Patent: 5,385,729

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Details for Patent: 5,385,729

Title: Viscoelastic personal care composition
Abstract:A personal care composition in the form of a hair or skin-treating gel containing an amount of a synthetic linearly viscoelastic cross-linked polymeric thickening agent, especially a cross-linked methyl vinyl ether/maleic anhydride copolymer, effective to render the composition linearly viscoelastic, and a method of promoting personal care by applying an effective amount of the composition to the hair or skin.
Inventor(s): Prencipe; Michael (East Windsor, NJ), Zaccagnino; Angelo (South River, NJ)
Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company (Piscataway, NJ)
Filing Date:Aug 24, 1992
Application Number:07/933,851
Claims:1. A linear viscoelastic personal care composition in the form of a hair or skin-treating aqueous gel with a pH of about 4 to about 9 comprising a topically acceptable aqueous vehicle, about 0.01% to 5% of a nonionic, anionic or amphoteric surfactant or mixture thereof and, in an amount of about 0.02% to 5 weight % effective to render the composition stable against phase separation or syneresis, viscosity change in storage, settling of dispersed or suspended particles under high and low-temperature conditions and formation of fish eyes, highly cohesive, readily flowable uniformly and homogeneously when extruded from a dispensing tube or pump with excellent subsequent stand-up and return to its pre-extrusion condition, and linearly viscoelastic, a synthetic linearly viscoelastic cross-linked polymeric thickening agent having in a 1 wt. % aqueous solution an elastic or storage modulus G' and a viscous or loss modulus G" substantially independent of frequency in an applied frequency range of 0.1 to 100 radians/sec, a G' minimum value of 1,000 dynes/sq. cm which varies less than 1 order of magnitude of its original value, and a ratio of G"/G' ranging from more than 0.05 to less than 1, said thickening agent having a molecular weight of about 1,000 to about 5,000,000 and containing about 0.01 to about 30% of cross-linking agent by weight of the cross-linked thickening agent.

2. A composition according to claim 1 containing approximately by weight, 30 to 98% of water, in said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of crosslinking agent.

3. A composition according to claim 1 in the form of a hair setting gel containing, approximately by weight, 60% to 98% of water, 0.01% to 5% of a hair setting polymeric material, in said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of cross-linking agent.

4. A composition according to claim 1 in the form of a skin lotion gel containing, approximately by weight, 60% to 90% of water, 0.1% to 5% of a nonionic, anionic or amphoteric surfactant or mixture thereof, in 5% to 35% of solid emollient material, said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of cross-linking agent.

5. A composition according to claim 1 in the form of a moisturizing skin cream gel containing, approximately by weight, 40% to 60% of water, 0.1% to 5% of a nonionic, anionic, or amphoteric surfactant or mixture thereof, 10% to 40% of liquid emollient material, in 10 to 30% of solid emollient material, said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of cross-linking agent.

6. A composition according to claim 1 in the form of a hand skin cleaner gel containing about 50% to 70% of water, 20% to 40% of a liquid organic solvent, 0.1 to 5% of a nonionic, anionic or amphoteric surfactant or mixture thereof, in 5% to 20% of a dermatologically acceptable skin abrasive, said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of cross-linking agent.

7. A composition according to any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent contains a plurality of carboxylic, phosphonic, phosphinic or sulfonic acid or acid salt groups or mixtures thereof.

8. A composition according to claim 7 wherein the said cross-linked polymeric thickening agent is made with a cross-linking agent containing at least two ethylenically unsaturated groups or at least two groups reactive with pendant reactive groups along the polymer chain of the polymeric thickening agent.

9. A composition according to any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein said cross-linking polymeric thickening agent comprises a copolymer of maleic acid or anhydride with another ethylenically unsaturated monomer.

10. A composition according to claim 9 wherein said other monomer comprises methyl vinyl ether.

11. A composition according to claim 10 wherein said copolymer is made with 1,7-octadiene, 1,9-decadiene, or polyethylene glycol as cross-linking agent.

12. A composition according to any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein said cross-linking polymeric thickening agent comprises units of styrene phosphonic acid, vinyl phosphonic acid or mixtures thereof.

13. A method of promoting personal care and hygiene comprising applying to the hair or skin an effective amount of a composition as defined in any one of claims 1 to 6.

14. A method of setting hair comprising applying to the hair an effective amount of a composition as defined in claim 3.

15. A method of promoting skin care and hygiene comprising applying to the skin an effective amount of a composition as defined in any one of claims 4, 5 or 6.
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