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Serving 500+ biopharmaceutical companies globally:

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US Army
Harvard Business School
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Generated: July 26, 2017

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Title: Use of a cytochrome oxidase inhibitor to increase the cough-suppressing activity of dextromorphan
Abstract:This invention discloses a method for increasing the effectiveness of dextromethorphan (DM) as an antitussive agent (i.e., as a cough suppressant). This method involves the concurrent administration of DM and a second agent which inhibits the oxidative activity of debrisoquin hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450 oxidase enzyme. Effective anti-oxidant compounds include quinidine, yohimbine, and fluoxetine.
Inventor(s): Smith; Richard A. (La Jolla, CA)
Assignee:
Filing Date:May 28, 1992
Application Number:07/890,432
Claims:1. A method of treating a patient to suppress severe coughing which cannot be suppressed adequately by dextromethorphan alone, comprising administering to a patient in need thereof a combination of dextromethorphan, and a pharmaceutically acceptable second compound which inhibits enzymatic oxidation of dextromethorphan by debrisoquin hydroxylase, wherein the second compound is selected from the group consisting of quinidine, quinine, and salts and isomers thereof.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein quinidine is administered to a patient at a dosage not exceeding about 150 milligrams per day.

3. A method of treating a patient to suppress coughing, comprising administering to a patient who is an extensive metabolizer of dextromethorphan and who is in need of cough suppression a combination of dextromethorphan and a second compound which, in the body of that patient, is pharmaceutically acceptable and causes a significant inhibition of enzymatic oxidation of dextromethorphan by debrisoquin hydroxylase, wherein the second compound is selected from the group consisting of quinidine, quinine, and salts and isomers thereof.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein quinidine is administered to a patient at a dosage not exceeding about 150 milligrams per day.

5. In the method of using dextromethorphan as a cough suppressant, the improvement wherein a patient who is receiving dextromethorphan as a cough suppressant and who is an extensive metabolizer of dextromethorphan also receives a second compound which, in the body of that patient, is pharmaceutically acceptable and causes a significant inhibition of oxidation of dextromethorphan by debrisoquin hydroxylase, and wherein the second compound is selected from the group consisting of quinidine, quinine, and salts and isomers thereof.

6. The method of claim 5 wherein quinidine is administered to a patient at a dosage not exceeding about 150 milligrams per day.
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Serving 500+ biopharmaceutical companies globally:

Fuji
Covington
Baxter
McKinsey
Daiichi Sankyo
Novartis
Merck
Johnson and Johnson
Moodys
Fish and Richardson

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