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Details for Patent: 5,321,098

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Details for Patent: 5,321,098

Title: Composition and polymer fabrics treated with the same
Abstract:The invention relates to a composition mixture comprising (i) at least one ester-acid, ester-salt or mixtures thereof and (ii) at least one amidic-acid, amidic-salt or mixtures thereof a polymer fabrics treated with the same. The treated polymer fabrics have improved wicking/wetting characteristics. The treated polymer fabrics maintain these characteristics upon repeated exposure to aqueous fluids.
Inventor(s): Lal; Kasturi (Willoughby, OH)
Assignee: The Lubrizol Corporation (Wuckliffe, OH)
Filing Date:Oct 04, 1991
Application Number:07/771,682
Claims:1. A composition comprising a mixture of:

(i) at least one ester-acid, ester-salt, or mixtures thereof; and

(ii) at least one amidic-acid, amidic-salt, or mixtures thereof.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein (i) is a reaction product of a polycarboxylic acylating agent and a hydroxy compound.

3. The composition of claim 2, wherein the polycarboxylic acylating agent is a dimer acid, hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic, Alder, or a trimer acid acylating agent.

4. The composition of claim 2, wherein the polycarboxylic acylating agent is a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acylating agent, having a hydrocarbyl group containing from about 8 to about 150 carbon atoms.

5. The composition of the claim 4, wherein the hydrocarbyl group is an alkyl or alkenyl group having from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms; or an alkyl or alkenyl group derived from a polyalkene having a number average molecular weight from about 500 to about 1500.

6. The composition of claim 4, wherein the hydrocarbyl group is an alkyl or alkenyl group having from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms.

7. The composition of claim 2, wherein the hydroxy compound is selected from the group consisting of aliphatic or alkylene polyol, polyoxyalkylene polyol, alkyl-terminated polyoxyalkylene polyol, polyoxyalkylene amine, polyoxyalkylene glycol fatty ester, polyoxyalkylated phenol, polyoxyalkylated fatty amide and alkanolamine.

8. The composition of claim 2, wherein the hydroxy compound is a polyoxyalkylene diol, an alkyl-terminated polyoxyalkylene polyol or an alkylenepolyol.

9. The composition of claim 2, wherein the hydroxy compound is pentaerythritol, glycerol, sorbitol, dipentaerythritol, trimethylolpropane or ethylene glycol.

10. The composition of claim 1, wherein (i) is represented by the formula ##STR20## wherein R.sub.1 is a hydrocarbyl group having about 8 to about 150 carbon atoms; R.sub.2 is a hydrocarbylene group, or a hydroxy substituted or hydroxyalkyl substituted hydrocarbylene; each R.sub.3 is independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a hydroxyalkyl group, a hydrocarbylcarbonyl or a polyoxyalkylene group; each R.sub.4 is independently a hydrocarbylene group; each n is independently 1 to 150; q is zero or one; r is zero or one; M is a hydrogen, an ammonium cation or a metal cation, and

when r is zero, X is --H, --OAr, --OH, --OR.sub.5, ##STR21## when r is one, X is --H, --R.sub.5, ##STR22## or ##STR23## wherein each R.sub.5 and R.sub.6 is independently a hydrocarbyl group having up to 100 carbon atoms; R.sub.7 is hydrogen or an alkyl group having from 1 to about 8 carbon atoms and Ar is a phenyl or benzyl group.

11. The composition of claim 1, wherein the ester-salt derived is from an amine.

12. The composition of claim 11, wherein the amine is an alkanolamine or polyoxyalkylated amine.

13. The composition of claim 11, wherein the amine is represented by the formula ##STR24## wherein each R' is independently an alkylene group; R" is an alkyl or alkenyl group having about 2 to about 30 carbon atoms; each a is independently 1 to 100; and b is zero or one.

14. The composition of claim 1, wherein (ii) the amidic-acid, amidic-salt or mixture thereof is the reaction product of at least one polycarboxylic acylating agent and at least one amine selected from the group consisting of a secondary amine, an amine-terminated polyoxyalkylene and a tertiary alkyl primary amine.

15. The composition of claim 14, wherein the polycarboxylic acylating agent is dimer acid, hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic, an Alder, or a trimer acid acylating agent or mixtures thereof.

16. The composition of claim 14, wherein the polycarboxylic acylating agent is a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acylating agent having a hydrocarbyl group containing form 8 to about 150 carbon atoms.

17. The composition of claim 16, wherein the hydrocarbyl group is an alkyl or alkenyl group containing from about 8 to about 30 carbon atoms; or an alkyl or alkenyl group derived from a polyalkene having a number average molecular weight from about 500 to about 1500.

18. The composition of claim 16, wherein the hydrocarbyl group is an alkyl or alkenyl group containing from about 10 to about 30 carbon atoms.

19. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amine is a secondary amine selected from the group consisting of a secondary alkyl amine having from 1 to about 28 carbon atoms in each alkyl group; and a secondary amine having a polyoxyalkylene, hydroxypolyoxyalkylene or alkanol group.

20. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amine is a secondary alkyl amine having at least one butyl group, amyl group, hexyl group, heptyl group or mixtures thereof.

21. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amine is an amine-terminated polyoxypropylene, or an amine-terminated polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene-polyoxypropylene.

22. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amine is tertiary alkyl primary amine containing from about 4 to about 28 carbon atoms.

23. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amine is a tertiary alkyl primary amine Wherein the alkyl group is tert-octyl, tert-dodecyl, tert-tetradecyl, tert-hexadecyl, tert-octadecyl group or mixtures thereof.

24. The composition of claim 1, wherein (ii) is represented by the formulae ##STR25## wherein each R.sub.1 is independently a hydrocarbyl group having from about 8 to about 150 carbon atoms; each R.sub.12 is independently hydrogen, an alkyl group or polyoxyalkylene group; each R.sub.4 is independently an hydrocarbylene group; R.sub.11 is an alkyl group or polyoxyalkylene group; n is 1 to about 150; and M is a hydrogen, an ammonium cation or a metal cation.

25. The composition of claim 14, wherein the amidic-salt is derived from an amine.

26. The composition of claim 25, wherein the amine is an alkanolamine or a polyoxyalkaline amine.

27. The composition of claim 25 wherein the amine is represented by the formula ##STR26## wherein R" is an alkyl or alkenyl group; each R' is independently an alkylene group; each a is independently an integer from zero to about 100 provided at least one a is an integer greater than zero; and b is zero or one.

28. A composition, comprising: (i) at least one reaction product of a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acylating agent and a hydroxy compound, wherein the reaction product is an ester-acid, ester-salt or mixture thereof, and (ii) at least one reaction product of a hydrocarbyl-substituted succinic acylating agent with an amine selected from the group consisting of a secondary amine, an amine-terminated polyoxyalkylene and a tertiary alkyl primary amine, wherein the reaction product is an amidic-acid, amidic-salt or mixtures thereof.

29. The composition of claim 28, wherein the hydrocarbyl group contains from 8 to about 150 carbon atoms; the hydroxy compound is selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic or alkylene polyol, a polyoxyalkylene polyol, an alkyl-terminated polyoxyalkylene polyol, a polyoxyalkylene amine, a polyoxyalkylene glycol fatty ester, a polyoxyalkylated phenol, a polyoxyalkylated fatty amide, and an alkanolamine; and the amine is a secondary amine containing alkyl groups having from 3 to about 28 carbon atoms, an amine-terminated polyoxyalkylene or a tertiary alkyl primary amine.

30. The composition of claim 28, wherein the hydroxy compound is a polyoxyalkylene diol, an alkyl-terminated polyoxyalkylene polyol or an alkylene polyol.

31. The composition of claim 28, wherein the amine is an amine-terminated polyoxyalkylene.
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