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Details for Patent: 5,317,079

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Details for Patent: 5,317,079

Title: Fatty acid terminated polyanhydride
Abstract:Fatty acid terminated polyanhydrides suitable for use as controlled release matrices in biodegradable sustained release drug delivery systems and methods for making thereof are described. The polymers are more soluble in organic solvents, and have a lower melting point than the corresponding non-fatty acid terminated polyanhydrides. The fatty acid terminated polyanhydrides are also more hydrophobic than the corresponding polyanhydrides that are not terminated with a fatty acid, and combine the properties of thermodynamic and hydrolytic stability, and easy storage. The polymers can be produced with a controlled and low molecular weight. The polyanhydrides are useful in a number of applications, including as a matrix in biodegradable drug delivery systems.
Inventor(s): Domb; Abraham J. (Baltimore, MD), Maniar; Manoj (Baltimore, MD)
Assignee: Nova Pharmaceutical Corporation (Baltimore, MD)
Filing Date:Sep 18, 1992
Application Number:07/947,048
Claims:1. A method for synthesizing biodegradable fatty acid terminated polyanhydride polymers comprising:

a) synthesizing a fatty acid prepolymer from a fatty acid and a compound selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic carboxylic acid anhydride and an aliphatic carboxylic acid chloride,

b) synthesizing a dicarboxylic acid prepolymer from a dicarboxylic acid and a compound selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic carboxylic acid anhydride and an aliphatic carboxylic acid chloride, and

c) co-polymerizing the fatty acid prepolymer and the dicarboxylic acid prepolymer to form a fatty acid terminated polyanhydride polymer.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the polyanhydride has the formula: ##STR3## wherein R is an aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic moiety, R' is a linear fatty acid residue of C.sub.6 to C.sub.22, and n is an integer from 1 to 500.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein the fatty acid terminated polyanhydrides are formed by polymerizing fatty acid prepolymers and dicarboxylic acid prepolymers.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein the fatty acid is selected from the group consisting of caproic acid, caprylic acid, capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidic acid, behenic acid, lignoceric acid, heptanoic acid, nonanoic acid, undecanoic acid, tridecanoic acid, pentadecanoic acid, heptadecanoic acid, nonadecanoic acid, heneicosanoic acid, tricosanoic acid, arachidonic acid, docosahexanoic acid, elaidic acid, erucic acid, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, nervonic acid, oleic acid, palmitoleic acid and petriselinic acid.

5. The method of claim 1 wherein the dicarboxylic acid is selected from the group consisting of HOOC--H.sub.2 C--Y--CH.sub.2 --COOH; aromatic dicarboxylic acids, as defined by the formulas: ##STR4## wherein X is O, N or S, n=1 to 3; R'R" is an aliphatic, aromatic or heteroaromatic moiety, and Y is a divalent organic radical; aromatic heterocyclic dicarboxylic acids, and aliphatic aromatic heterocyclic dicarboxylic acids.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein the dicarboxylic acid is selected from the group consisting of sebacic acid, phthalic acid, terephthalic acid, isophthalic acid, adipic acid, 1,10-dodecanoic acid, bis (p-carboxyphenoxyalkane), fumaric acid, 1,4-diphenylenediacrylic acid, branched monomers such as 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid, azeleic acid, pimelic acid, suberic acid (octanedioic acid), itaconic acid, biphenyl-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid, and benzophenone-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid, p-carboxyphenoxyalkanoic acid, hydroquinone-O,O-diacetic acid, 1,4-bis-carboxymethyl benzene, 2,2-bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane -O,O-diacetic acid, 1,4-phenylene-dipropionic acid, and cyclohexane dicarboxylic acid or the anhydride or acid chloride thereof.

7. The method of claim 1 wherein the fatty acid prepolymer is a stearic acid prepolymer and the dicarboxylic acid prepolymer is a sebacic acid prepolymer.

8. The method of claim 1 wherein the fatty acid and the dicarboxylic acid prepolymers are combined in a ratio of 2 to 1000 fatty acid units per 500 units of dicarboxylic acid monomers.

9. The method of claim 1 wherein the fatty acid and the dicarboxylic acid prepolymers are mixed in a ratio of approximately 15% fatty acid prepolymer to approximately 85% dicarboxylic acid prepolymer by weight.

10. A method for synthesizing biodegradable organic soluble fatty acid terminated polyanhydride polymers comprising:

a) synthesizing a fatty acid prepolymer from a fatty acid and a compound selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic carboxylic acid anhydride and an aliphatic carboxylic acid chloride,

b) synthesizing a dicarboxylic acid prepolymer from a dicarboxylic acid and a compound selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic carboxylic acid anhydride and an aliphatic carboxylic acid chloride, and

c) co-polymerizing the fatty acid prepolymer and the dicarboxylic acid prepolymer to form a fatty acid terminated polyanhydride polymer.

11. The method of claim 1 wherein the polymers are prepared by melt polycondensation.
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