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Details for Patent: 5,300,283

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Details for Patent: 5,300,283

Title: Viscoelastic dentifrice composition
Abstract:A toothpaste or dental gel composition containing an amount of a synthetic linearly viscoelastic cross-linked polymeric thickening agent, especially a cross-linked methyl vinyl ether/maleic anhydride copolymer, effective to render the composition linearly viscoelastic, and a method of promoting oral hygiene by applying an effective amount of the composition to dental surface.
Inventor(s): Prencipe; Michael (East Windsor, NJ), Durga; Gary A. (Edison, NJ)
Assignee: Colgate Palmolive Company (Piscataway, NJ)
Filing Date:Oct 22, 1992
Application Number:08/051,319
Claims:1. A linear viscoelastic dentifrice composition in the form of a toothpaste or dental gel with a pH of about 4 to about 9 comprising an orally acceptable water/humectant vehicle, an orally acceptable dental polishing agent and, in an amount effective to render the composition linearly viscoelastic, a synthetic linearly viscoelastic cross-linked polymeric thickening agent derived from a polymer containing repeating units in which one or more phosphonic acid groups are bonded to one or more carbon atoms in the polymer chain and having in a 1 wt. % aqueous solution an elastic or storage modulus G" and a viscous or loss modulus G" substantially independent of frequency in an applied frequency range of 0.1 to 100 radians/sec, a G' minimum value of 1,000 dynes/sq.cm which varies less than 1 order of magnitude of its original value, and a ratio of G"/G' ranging from more than 0.05 to less than 1.

2. A composition according to claim 1 containing approximately by weight, 6% to 50% of water, 20to 70% of humectant, 5 to 70% of dental polishing agent, and 0.02% to 5% of said polymeric thickening agent containing at least about 3% of cross-linking agent.

3. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the said polymeric thickening agent is made with a cross-linking agent containing at least two ethylenically unsaturated groups or at least two groups reactive with pendant reactive groups along the polymer chain of the polymeric thickening agent.

4. A composition according to claim 3 wherein said thickening agent is made with 1,7-octadiene, 1,9-decadiene, or polyethylene glycol as cross-linking agent.

5. A composition according to claim 4 wherein said polymeric thickening agent comprises units of styrene phosphonic acid, vinyl phosphonic acid and/or vinyl phosphonyl fluoride.

6. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the polymeric thickening agent has a molecular weight of about 1,000 to about 5,000,000 and comprises units of styrene phosphonic acid, vinyl phosphonic acid and/or vinyl phosphonyl fluoride.

7. A composition according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 wherein the polymeric thickening agent has a molecular weight of about 1,000 to about 5,000,000.

8. A composition according to any one of claims 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 further containing an amount of a fluoride ion source sufficient to supply about 25 ppm to about 5,000 ppm of fluoride ions.

9. A composition according to claim 6 further containing an amount of a fluoride ion source sufficient to supply about 25 ppm to about 5,000 ppm of fluoride ions.

10. A composition according to claim 8 further containing about 0.4 to about 3 parts of xanthan gum or carboxymethyl cellulose per part of the cross-linked polymeric thickening agent.

11. A composition according to claim 9 further containing about 0.4 to about 3 parts of xanthan gum or carboxymethyl cellulose per part of the cross-linked polymeric thickening agent.

12. A method of promoting oral hygiene comprising applying to dental surface an effective amount of a composition as defined in any one of claims 1, 2, 4-6, 9 or 11.

13. A method of promoting oral hygiene comprising applying to dental surface an effective amount of a composition as defined in claim 8.

14. A method of promoting oral hygiene comprising applying to dental surface an effective amount of a composition as defined in claim 10.
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