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|Title:||Stable porfimer sodium compositions and methods for their manufacture|
|Abstract:||A storage stable porfimer sodium (polyhematoporphyrin ether/ester) composition useful in the photodynamic therapy of cancer and other conditions is provided. The composition is characterized in that the percentage of ester linked porphyrin oligomers is less than 10% of the composition. Improved processes for preparing such compositions are also provided wherein acetylated hematoporphyrin is treated with alkali for sufficient time and temperature to reduce the amount of porphyrin oligomers joined by ester linkages to less than 10% of the composition.|
|Inventor(s):||Clauss; Steven L. (Manville, NJ), Pastel; Michael J. (Highland Mills, NY), Zawadzki; Rainer K. (Wuhan, CN)|
|Assignee:||American Cyanamid Company (Stamford, CT)|
|Filing Date:||Apr 27, 1992|
|Claims:||1. A process for the preparation of a porfimer sodium pharmaceutical composition comprised of porphyrin oligomers having ether and ester linkages, which process comprises treating acetylated hematoporphyrin with alkali under conditions of alkali concentration, time and temperature which do not result in degradation but reduce the the percentage of ester linkages to less than 10% of the linkages in the composition. |
2. A process according to claim 1 wherein the alkali is in a concentration range of 0.1N-1N.
3. The process of claim 1 wherein the alkali is sodium hydroxide, the concentration of alkali is 0.1N-1N, and the time and temperature conditions are one hour at room temperature, followed by 4.degree. C. for 14-21 days.
4. The process of claim 1 wherein the alkali is sodium hydroxide, the concentration of alkali is 0.1N-1N, and the time and temperature conditions are 16-24 hours at a temperature less than 45.degree. C.
5. The process of claim 1 wherein the alkali is sodium hydroxide, and the conditions are alkali concentration of 0.1N for one hour at room temperature followed by an alkali concentration of 0.2N-1N for 2-4 hours at room temperature.