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Details for Patent: 5,234,940

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Details for Patent: 5,234,940

Title: Photochemotherapeutic method using 5-aminolevulinic acid and precursors thereof
Abstract:A method of detecting and treating malignant and non-malignant tissue abnormalities and lesions of the skin; conjunctiva; respiratory, digestive and vaginal mucosa; endometrium and urothelium; and for ablating the endometrial tissue and treating body fluids containing suspended abnormal cells, and for treating cancers of the nervous system in which 5-aminolevulinic acid or precursor thereof is administered to the patient in an amount sufficient to induce synthesis fluorescence and/or photosensitizing concentrations of of protoporphyrin IX in the abnormal cells, followed by exposure of the abnormal cells to light of photoactivating wavelengths.
Inventor(s): Kennedy; James C. (Kingston, CA), Pottier; Roy H. (Kingston, CA), Reid; Robert L. (Kingston, CA)
Assignee: Queen's University (Kingston, CA)
Filing Date:Apr 08, 1992
Application Number:07/865,151
Claims:1. A method for creating malignant and non-malignant cellular abnormalities of the endometrium and gonads in a patient comprising administering to said patient an effective amount of a precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the biosynthetic pathway for heme so as to induce synthesis of protoporphyrin IX in said abnormalities, and exposing said abnormalities to light within the photoactivating action spectrum of said protoporphyrin IX.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1 wherein said precursor of protoporphyrin IX is 5-aminolevulinic acid or a precursor thereof.

3. A method for treating dysfunctional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, iron deficiency anemia caused by excessive menstrual bleeding in a patient comprising administering to said patient a precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the biosynthetic pathway for heme, so as to induce synthesis of protoporphyrin IX in endometrial tissues in said patient, and exposing said tissues to light within the photoactivating spectrum of said protoporphyrin IX.

4. A method for sterilizing a patient comprising administering to said patient a precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the biosynthetic pathway for heme, so as to induce synthesis of protoporphyrin IX in endometrial tissues in said patient, and exposing said tissues to light within the photoactivating spectrum of said protoporphyrin IX.

5. A contraceptive method for female patients comprising administering to said patient a precursor of protoporphyrin IX in the biosynthetic pathway for heme, so as to induce synthesis of protoporphyrin IX in endometrial tissues in said patient, and exposing said tissues to light within the photoactivating spectrum of said protoporphyrin IX.

6. A method as claimed in claim 3 wherein said precursor is 5-aminolevulinic acid or precursor thereof.

7. A method as claimed in claim 4 wherein said precursor is 5-aminolevulinic acid or precursor thereof.

8. A method as claimed in claim 5 wherein said precursor is 5-aminolevulinic acid or precursor thereof.
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