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Details for Patent: 5,219,621

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Details for Patent: 5,219,621

Title: Methods of treatment with diltiazem formulations
Abstract:A diltiazem pellet formulation for oral administration comprises a core of diltiazem or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in association with an organic acid, and a multi-layer membrane surrounding the core and containing a major proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming, water insoluble synthetic polymer and a minor proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming, water soluble synthetic polymer. The number of layers in the membrane and the ratio of the water soluble to water insoluble polymer being effective to permit release of diltiazem from the pellet at a rate allowing controlled absorption thereof over a twelve hour period following oral administration. The pellet has a dissolution rate in vitro which when measured in a dissolution apparatus (Paddle) according to U.S. Pharmacopoeia XXI in 0.05 M KCl at pH 7.0 results in not more than 35% of the total diltiazem being released after 2 hours of measurement. Not more than 80% of the total diltiazem is released after six hours of measurement and not less than 85% of the total diltiazem is released after 13 hours of measurement.
Inventor(s): Geoghegan; Edward J. (Athlone, IE), Mulligan; Seamus (Gainesville, GA), Panoz; Donald E. (Tuckerstown, BM)
Assignee: Elan Corporation, Plc (Westmeath, IE)
Filing Date:Jul 22, 1992
Application Number:06/918,925
Claims:1. A method of treating or controlling blood pressure in a subject suffering from mild to moderate hypertension comprising administering to said subject on a once per 12 hour basis a dose, effective to lower the blood pressure of said subject throughout said 12 hour period, of a diltiazem containing controlled absorption formulation comprising a core of diltiazem or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in association with an organic acid, said core surrounded by a multi-layered polymeric membrane, each layer containing a major proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming, water insoluble synthetic polymer and a minor proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming water soluble synthetic polymer, the ratio of said diltiazem to organic acid and the ratio of water insoluble polymer to water soluble polymer being effective to provide peak blood pressure lowering levels in the blood 4 to 12 hours following administration.

2. The method according to claim 1 wherein the ratio of the diltiazem component and the organic acid is from about 50:1 to 1:1.

3. A method of treating or controlling blood pressure in a subject suffering from mild to moderate hypertension/comprising administering to said subject on a once per 12 hour basis a dose, effective to lower the blood pressure of said subject throughout said 12 hour period, of a diltiazem containing controlled absorption formulation comprising a core of diltiazem or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof in association with an organic acid, said core surrounded by a multi-layered polymeric membrane, each layer containing a major proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming, water insoluble synthetic polymer and a minor proportion of a pharmaceutically acceptable film-forming water soluble synthetic polymer, the ratio of said diltiazem to organic acid and the ratio of water insoluble polymer to water soluble polymer being effective to provide peak myocardium oxygenating levels in the blood 4 to 12 hours following administration.

4. The method of claim 3 wherein the ratio of the diltiazem component and the organic acid is from about 50:1 to 1:1.
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