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Generated: September 25, 2017

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Title: Methods for providing localized therapeutic heat to biological tissues and fluids using gas filled liposomes
Abstract:Gas filled liposomes prepared by a vacuum drying gas instillation method and/or gas filled liposomes substantially devoid of liquid in the interior thereof, are presented as novel potentiators for ultrasonic hyperthermia. The liposomes of the present invention, which may be administered into the vasculature, interstitially or into any body cavity are designed to accumulate in cancerous and diseased tissues. When therapeutic ultrasonic energy is applied to the diseased region heating is increased because of the greater effectiveness of sound energy absorption caused by these agents.
Inventor(s): Unger; Evan C. (Tucson, AZ)
Assignee:
Filing Date:Jun 18, 1991
Application Number:07/716,793
Claims:1. A method for heat treating biological tissues and fluids which comprises:

(i) administering to the tissue or fluid to be treated a therapeutically effective amount of a hyperthermia potentiator comprising gas filled liposomes prepared by a vacuum drying gas instillation method; and

(ii) applying ultrasound to said tissue or fluid.

2. A method of claim 1 wherein said liposomes are comprised of lipid materials selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, lysolipids, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidic acid, sphingomyelin, cholesterol, cholesterol hemisuccinate, tocopherol hemisuccinate, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, lysolipids, sphingomyelin, glycosphingolipids, glucolipids, glycolipids, sulphatides, lipids with ether and ester-linked fatty acids, and polymerized lipids.

3. A method of claim 2 wherein said liposomes are comprised of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine.

4. A method of claim 1 wherein said liposomes are filled with a gas selected from the group consisting of air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen, argon, xenon, helium, and neon.

5. A method of claim 4 wherein said liposomes are filled with nitrogen gas.

6. A method of claim 1 wherein said liposomes are suspended in an aqueous medium.

7. A method of claim 6 wherein said aqueous medium is phosphate buffered saline.

8. A method of claim 1 wherein said liposomes are administered to tissue or fluid selected from the group consisting of tumor tissue, muscle tissue, and blood fluid.

9. A method for heat treating biological tissues and fluids which comprises:

(i) administering to the tissue or fluid to be treated a therapeutically effective amount of a hyperthermia potentiator comprising gas filled liposomes substantially devoid of liquid in the interior thereof; and

(ii) applying ultrasound to said tissue or fluid.

10. A method of claim 9 wherein said liposomes are comprised of lipid materials selected from the group consisting of fatty acids, lysolipids, dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidic acid, sphingomyelin, cholesterol, cholesterol hemisuccinate, tocopherol hemisuccinate, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, lysolipids, sphingomyelin, glycosphingolipids, glucolipids, glycolipids, sulphatides, lipids with ether and ester-linked fatty acids, and polymerized lipids.

11. A method of claim 10 wherein said liposomes are comprised of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine.

12. A method of claim 9 wherein said liposomes are filled with a gas selected from the group consisting of air, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen, argon, xenon, helium, and neon.

13. A method of claim 12 wherein said liposomes are filled with nitrogen gas.

14. A method of claim 9 wherein said liposomes are suspended in an aqueous medium.

15. A method of claim 14 wherein said aqueous medium is phosphate buffered saline.

16. A method of claim 9 wherein said liposomes are administered to tissue or fluid selected from the group consisting of tumor tissue, muscle tissue, and blood fluid.
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