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Details for Patent: 5,077,049

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Details for Patent: 5,077,049

Title: Biodegradable system for regenerating the periodontium
Abstract:Methods are described for assisting the restoration of periodontal tissue in a periodontal pocket and for retarding migration of epithelial cells along the root surface of a tooth. The methods involve placement of an in-situ forming biodegradable barrier adjacent the surface of a tooth. The barrier is microporous and includes pores of defined size. The barrier can include a biologically active agent.
Inventor(s): Dunn; Richard L. (Fort Collins, CO), Tipton; Arthur J. (Fort Collins, CO), Southard; George L. (Fort Collins, CO), Rogers; Jack A. (Fort Collins, CO)
Assignee: Vipont Pharmaceutical, Inc. (Fort Collins, CO)
Filing Date:Jul 24, 1989
Application Number:07/384,416
Claims:1. A method for assisting the restoration of periodontal tissue in a periodontal pocket, comprising: placing a liquid solution of a biodegradable, water-coagulable, thermoplastic polymer and a water miscible non-toxic organic solvent into said periodontal pocket; wherein said organic solvent dissipates into periodontal fluids and said biodegradable, water-coagulable, thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form an in-situ solid biodegradable implant, and said dissipation of solvent creates pores within said solid biodegradable implant having sizes in the range of about 3 to 500 microns; said solid biodegradable implant having a porosity in the range of 5 to 95% provided by said pores; and the sizes of said pores and porosity being effective to promote cell growth.

2. A method in accordance with claim 1, wherein said implant includes pores having a size in the range of about 20 to 200 microns.

3. A method in accordance with claim 1, wherein said polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(malic acid), poly(amino acids), chitin, chitosan, and copolymers, terpolymers and combinations and mixtures thereof.

4. A method in accordance with claim 1, wherein said solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one and combinations and mixtures thereof.

5. A method in accordance with claim 1, wherein said implant further comprises a biologically active agent selected from the group consisting of antimicrobial agents, antibiotics and tissue repair mediators.

6. A method for retarding apical migration of epithelial cells along a root surface of a tooth comprising placing a liquid solution of a biodegradable, water-coagulable, thermoplastic polymer and a water miscible non-toxic organic solvent into said periodontal pocket; wherein said organic solvent dissipates into periodontal fluids and said biodegradable, coagulable, thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form an in-situ solid biodegradable barrier adjacent to said surface, and said dissipation of solvent creates pores within said solid biodegradable barrier having sizes in the range of about 3 to 500 microns; said solid biodegradable barrier having a porosity in the range of 5 to 95% provided by said pores; and the sizes of said pores and porosity being effective to promote cell growth.

7. A method in accordance with claim 6, wherein said barrier includes pores having a size in the range of about 20 to 200 microns.

8. A method in accordance with claim 6, wherein said polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(malic acid), poly(amino acids), chitin, chitosan, and copolymer, terpolymers and combinations and mixtures thereof.

9. A method in accordance with claim 6, wherein said solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one and combinations and mixtures thereof.

10. A method in accordance with claim 6, wherein said barrier further comprises a biologically active agent selected from the group consisting of antimicrobial agents, antibiotics and tissue repair mediators.

11. A method for promoting guided tissue regeneration in a periodontal pocket comprising placing a liquid solution of a biodegradable, water-coagulable, thermoplastic polymer and a water miscible non-toxic organic solvent into a periodontal pocket; wherein said organic solvent dissipates into periodontal fluids and said biodegradable, water-coagulable, thermoplastic polymer coagulates to form an in-situ solid biodegradable implant, and said dissipation of solvent creates pores within said solid biodegradable implant having sizes in the range of about 3 to 500 microns; said biodegradable implant having a porosity in the range of 5 to 95% provided by said pores; and the sizes of said pores and porosity being effective to create cell growth.

12. A method in accordance with claim 11, wherein said implant includes pores having a size in the range of about 20 to 200 microns.

13. A method in accordance with claim 11, wherein said polymer is selected from the group consisting of polylactides, polyglycolides, polycaprolactones, polyanhydrides, polyamides, polyurethanes, polyesteramides, polyorthoesters, polydioxanones, polyacetals, polycarbonates, polyorthocarbonates, polyphosphazenes, polyhydroxybutyrates, polyhydroxyvalerates, polyalkylene oxalates, polyalkylene succinates, poly(malic acid), poly(amino acids), chitin, chitosan, and copolymers, terpolymers and combinations and mixtures thereof.

14. A method in accordance with claim 11, wherein said solvent is selected from the group consisting of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, 2-pyrrolidone, ethanol, propylene glycol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ethyl lactate, methyl acetate, methyl ethyl ketone, dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, dimethyl sulfone, tetrahydrofuran, caprolactam, decylmethylsulfoxide, oleic acid, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide, and 1-dodecylazacycloheptan-2-one and combinations and mixtures thereof.

15. A method in accordance with claim 11, wherein said implant further comprises a biologically active agent selected from the group consisting of antimicrobial agents, antibiotics and tissue repair mediators.
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