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Details for Patent: 4,891,225

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Details for Patent: 4,891,225

Title: Bioerodible polyanhydrides for controlled drug delivery
Abstract:A novel hydrophobic polymeric matrix is provided which is suitable for use after implantation in vivo in a subject for the controlled release and delivery of biologically active substances such as drugs, antibiotics, steroids and the like. Alternatively, the matrix can be used outside the body for release of fragrances, pesticides and the like. The implantable matrix comprises a polymeric polyanhydride formulation whose internal anhydride linkages are hydrolytic in nature in varying degrees in accordance with the chemical composition of the backbone, pH and temperature of the environment. As the individual anhydride linkages become hydrolyzed, the matrix erodes predominantly by surface erosion into non-toxic biocompatible degradation products with concomitant release of the biologically active substance.
Inventor(s): Langer; Robert S. (Somerville, MA), Rosen; Howard (Montara, CA)
Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Cambridge, MA)
Filing Date:Jan 21, 1986
Application Number:06/820,290
Claims:1. A zero-order release rate polymeric device comprising a hydrophobic polyanhydride polymeric composition degrading by surface erosion, said composition having the formula ##STR2## wherein R and R' are selected from the group consisting of compositions having a molecular weight not substantially greater than 500 daltons and wherein m and n are at least 1, and at least one biologically active substance; wherein the polyanhydride is polymerized from prepolymers formed from dicarboxylic acids purified by recrystallization until the contaminants and degradation products present in the prepolymer are removed, said polymer being characterized by biocompatibility that results in minimal tissue irritation when implanted in vasculated tissue, and approximately zero order erosion and release rates of substance in vivo as a function of hydrolysis of the anhydride linkages in the polyanhydride.

2. A zero-order release rate polymeric device comprising a hydrophobic polyanhydride polymeric composition degrading by surface erosion, said composition having the formula ##STR3## wherein R and R' are selected from the group consisting of compositions having a molecular weight not substantially greater than 500 daltons and wherein m and n are at least 10, and at least one biologically active substance; wherein the polyanhydride is polymerized from prepolymers formed from dicarboxylic acids purified by recrystallization until the contaminants and degradation products present in the prepolymer are removed, said polymer being characterized by biocompatibility that results in minimal tissue irritation when implanted in vasculated tissue, and approximately zero order erosion and release rates of substance in vivo as a function of hydrolysis of the anhydride linkages in the polyanhydride.

3. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1 wherein R is identical to R'.

4. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is an alkyl group comprising from 1-20 carbon atoms.

5. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is an aromatic organic moiety.

6. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is selected from the group consisting of p-carboxyphenoxy methane, its homologues and derivatives.

7. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is selected from the group consisting of benzene and substituted benzenes.

8. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is selected from the group consisting of pyridine and its derivatives.

9. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R is a heterocyclic aromatic composition.

10. The composition as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R comprises terephthalic anhydride.

11. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein R comprises sebacic anhydride.

12. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1 or 2 wherein R is polyterephthalic anhydride and R' comprises polysebacic anhydride.

13. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein said biologically active substance is a pharmaceutically active drug.

14. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein said biologically active substance is proteinaceous in composition.

15. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein the biologically active substance has enzymatic activity.

16. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein said biologically active substance is selected from the group consisting of antigens and antibodies.

17. The polymeric matrix as recited in claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein the biologically active substance is selected from the group consisting of polysaccharides, growth factors, hormones, anti-angiogenesis factors and interferons.
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