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Details for Patent: 4,780,318

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Details for Patent: 4,780,318

Title: Oral pharmaceutical composition
Abstract:The present invention relates to a new oral pharmaceutical composition having an improved release of the therapeutically active compound present therein, in the lower part of the gastro-intestinal duct having a pH exceeding 4.5, comprising as a core a therapeutically active compound in the form of a weak base, or a weak acid, on which core there is applied a first, inner layer of a diffusion membrane in the form of ethyl cellulose, and/or a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-trimethylammonium ethyl methacrylate chloride, and thereabove a second layer is applied of at least one anionic polymer and/or fatty acid having a pk.sub.a of 4.5 to 7. The invention further relates to a process for the preparation of said composition, a pharmaceutical composition containing said composition, and a method for the treatment using such a composition.
Inventor(s): Appelgren; C. Henry (Kungsbuchu, SE), Eskilson; Christina E. (Molnlycke, SE)
Assignee: Lejus Medical Aktiebolag (Molndal, SE)
Filing Date:Jan 10, 1985
Application Number:06/690,197
Claims:1. Oral particulate pharmaceutical composition in the form of granules having an improved release thereform of a therapeutically active compound therein which is a weak base or weak acid which is soluble in gastric juice and has varying solubility in the pH range of 1 to 8, having a core comprising the therapeutically active compound, a first inner layer coating on the core in the form of (a) a diffusion membrane consisitng essentially of ethyl cellulose, a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-trimethylammonium ethyl methacrylate chloride, or a mixture of the ethyl cellulose and said copolymer, or (b) a mixture of diffusion membrane and a permeability improving compound selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone, and a second outer layer coating on the inner layer coating of at least one anionic polymer having a pk.sub.a of 4.5 to 7, the outer layer coating being soluble in the small intestine and insoluble in gastric juice, thereby preventing diffusion of the therapeutically active compound through the diffusion membrane until the granules reach the small intestine.

2. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein the pk.sub.a of the anionic polymer of the second layer is 5.5 to 6.5.

3. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein the diffusion membrane further comprises a permeability improving compound selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone.

4. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein the anionic polymer is cellulose acetate phthalate, polyvinyl acetate phthalate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose phthalate or methyl methacrylate methyl ester.

5. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein the inner layer coating consists essentially of said diffusion membrane (a).

6. Oral pharmaceutical composition having an improved release therefrom of a therapeutically active compound therein which is soluble in gastric juice, independent of its solubility, having a core comprising the therapeutically active compound, a first inner layer coating on the core, in the form of a diffusion membrane which is a mixture of ethyl cellulose and a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-trimethyl ammonium ethylmethacrylate chloride, in a weight relationship between the monomers of the copolymer of 63 to 65:31.7 to 32.3:2.5 to 5, and a second outer layer coating on the inner layer of at least one anionic polymer having a pk.sub.a of 4.5 to 7.

7. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 6, wherein the therapeutically active compound in the core has a solubility in the pH range 1 to 8 which exceeds 0.5 to 1 g per 100 ml.

8. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 7, wherein the active compound is quinidine sulphate, quinidine bisulphate, quinidine gluconate, quinidine hydrochloride, metoprolol tartrate, metoprolol succinate, metoprolol fumarate, or furosemide, 5-aminosalicylic aicd, propranolol or alprenolol or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or a mixture thereof with another weak base, weak acid, or salt thereof having a pk.sub.a of 1 to 8.

9. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 6, wherein the core comprising the therapeutically active compound is a particle/granule having a diameter of 0.1 to 2.5 mm; wherein the first inner diffusion membrane layer is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 of particle area, and wherein the second outer layer is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 of particle area.

10. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 6, wherein the therapeutically active compound in the core has a solubility in the pH range 1 to 8 which exceeds 0.5 to 1 g per 100 ml; wherein the diffusion membrane further comprises a permeability improving compound selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone; and wherein the pk.sub.a of the anionic polymer of the second layer is 5.5 to 6.5.

11. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 10, wherein the core comprising the therapeutically active compound is a particle/granule having a diameter of 0.1 to 2.5 mm; wherein the first inner diffusion membrane layer is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 of particle area, and wherein the second outer layer is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 of particle area.

12. Pharmaceutical composition adapted for an oral administration comprising a therapeutically active compound, a portion of which is in a core, a first portion of which core is doubly coated with a first inner layer coating in the form of a diffusion membrane which is a mixture of ethyl cellulose and a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylate-trimethyl ammonium ethylmethacrylate chloride, in a weight relationship between the monomers of the copolymer of 63 to 65:31.7 to 32.3:2.5 to 5, and a second outer layer coating on the inner layer of at least one anionic polymer having a pk.sub.a of 4.5 to 7; a second portion of which core is in a form which lacks a release delaying coating thereon; and the remainder of the core is coated only with a coating in the form of a diffusion membrane which releases the therapeutically active compound during the first 1 to 2 hours after ingestion, which diffusion membrane is of the type which is the first inner layer of the doubly coated portion of the core, the respective doubly coated, singly coated and uncoated portions of the core being present in such amounts that a more uniform therapeutically acceptable blood plasma level is obtained after the ingestion of the composition than by the oral administration of the therapeutically active compound in uncoated form or coated only with the diffusion membrane.

13. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12, wherein the pk.sub.a of the outer layer of the doubly coated composition is 5.5 to 6.5.

14. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12, wherein the diffusion membrane further comprises a permeability improving compound selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose, polyethylene glycol and polyvinyl pyrrolidone.

15. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12, wherein the therapeutically active compound in the core of the doubly coated composition has a solubility in the pH range 1 to 8 which exceeds 0.5 to 1 g per 100 ml.

16. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 12, wherein the therapeutically active compound in the core of the doubly coated composition has a solubility in the pH range 1 to 8 which exceeds 0.5 to 1 g per 100 ml; wherein the diffusion membrane of the coated portions is a mixture of ethyl cellulose and a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylatemethyl methacrylate-trimethyl ammonium ethylmethacrylate chloride, in a weight relationship between the monomers of the copolymer of 63 to 65:31.7 to 32.3:2.5 to 5; whereinthe diffusion membrane further comprises a permeability improving compound selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydropolyvinyl pyrrolidone and fatty acids; and wherein the pk.sub.a of the anionic polymer of the second layer of the doubly coated composition is 5.5 to 6.5.

17. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 16, wherein the core comprising the therapeutically active compound is a particle/granule having a diameter of 0.1 to 2.5 mm; wherein the first inner diffusion membrane is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 particle area, and wherein the second layer is applied in an amount of at least 2.5 g per m.sup.2 of particle area.

18. A method for the treatment of mammals, including man, by the oral administration of a therapeutically active dose of a therapeutically active compound, comprising administering the therapeutically active compound as a pharmaceutical composition in which the therapeutically active compound is in a core having, as a first inner layer thereon, a diffusion membrane of ethyl cellulose, and/or a copolymer of polyethyl methacrylate-methyl methacrylatetrimethyl-ammonium ethyl methacrylate chloride, and as a second outer layer thereon at least one anionic polymer having a pk.sub.a of 4.5 to 7, whereby the therapeutically active compound is released in the lower part of the gastrointestinal duct having a pH exceeding 4.5.
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