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Details for Patent: 4,626,523

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Details for Patent: 4,626,523

Title: GRF analogs II
Abstract:Human pancreatic GRF(hpGRF) and rat hypothalamic GRF(rhGRF) have been earlier characterized and synthesized. The invention provides synthetic peptides which are extremely potent in stimulating the release of pituitary GH in animals, including humans, which are resistant to enzymatic degradation in the body, and which have the sequence: R.sub.1 -Ala-R.sub.3 -Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-R.sub.8 -Ser-R.sub.10 -Arg-R.sub.12 -R.sub.13 -Leu-R.sub.15 -Gln-Leu-R.sub.18 -Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-R.sub.24 -R.sub.25 -Ile-R.sub.27 -R.sub.28 -Arg-Gln-Gln-Gly-Glu-R.sub.34 -Asn-Gln-Glu-R.sub.38 -R.sub.39 -R.sub.40 -Arg-R.sub.42 -R.sub.43 -R.sub.44 -Y wherein R.sub.1 is Tyr, D-Tyr, Met, Phe, D-Phe, pCl-Phe, Leu, His or D-His having either a C.sup.a Me or N.sup.a Me substitution; R.sub.3 is Asp or D-Asp; R.sub.8 is Ser, Asn, D-Ser or D-Asn; R.sub.10 is Tyr or D-Tyr; R.sub.12 is Arg or Lys; R.sub.13 is Ile or Val; R.sub.15 is Gly or D-Ala; R.sub.18 is Tyr or Ser; R.sub.24 is His or Gln; R.sub.25 is Glu or Asp; R.sub.27 is Met, Ala, Nle, Ile, Leu, Nva or Val; R.sub.28 is Asn or Ser; R.sub.34 is Arg or Ser; R.sub.38 is Gln or Arg; R.sub.39 is Arg or Gly; R.sub.40 is Ser or Ala; R.sub.42 is Phe or Ala; R.sub.43 is Asn or Arg; R.sub.44 is a natural amino acid. Any or all of the residues between R.sub.28 and R.sub.44, inclusive, can be deleted, and the carboxyl moiety of the amino acid residue at the C-terminus can be the radical --COOR,--CRO,--CONHNHR,--CON(R) (R') or --CH.sub.2 OR, with R and R' being lower alkyl, fluoro lower alkyl or hydrogen. These peptides as well as nontoxic salts thereof may be administered to animals, including humans and cold-blooded animals, to stimulate the release of GH and may be used diagnostically.
Inventor(s): Vale, Jr.; Wylie W. (La Jolla, CA), Rivier; Jean E. F. (La Jolla, CA)
Assignee: The Salk Institute for Biological Studies (San Diego, CA)
Filing Date:Jun 10, 1985
Application Number:06/742,736
Claims:1. A synthetic peptide having the formula: R.sub.1 -Ala-R.sub.3 -Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-R.sub.8 -Ser-R.sub.10 -Arg-R.sub.12 -R.sub.13 -Leu-R.sub.15 -Gln-Leu-R.sub.18 -Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-R.sub.24 -R.sub.25 -Ile-R.sub.27 -R.sub.28 -Arg-Gln-Gln-Gly-Glu-R.sub.34 -Asn-Gln-Glu-R.sub.38 -R.sub.39 -R.sub.40 -Arg-R.sub.42 -R.sub.43 -R.sub.44 -Y wherein R.sub.1 is Tyr, D-Tyr, Met, Phe, D-Phe, pCl-Phe, Leu, His or D-His, which residue has either a C.sup.a Me or N.sup.a Me substitution; R.sub.3 is Asp or D-Asp; R.sub.8 is Ser, Asn D-Ser or D-Asn; R.sub.10 is Tyr or D-Tyr; R.sub.12 is Arg or Lys; R.sub.13 is Ile or Val; R.sub.15 is Gly or D-Ala; R.sub.18 is Tyr or Ser; R.sub.24 is His or Gln; R.sub.25 is Glu or Asp; R.sub.27 is Met, Ala, Nle, Ile, Leu, Nva or Val; R.sub.28 is Asn or Ser; R.sub.34 is Arg or Ser; R.sub.38 is Gln or Arg; R.sub.39 is Arg or Gly; R.sub.40 is Ser or Ala; R.sub.42 is Phe or Ala; R.sub.43 is Asn or Arg; R.sub.44 is Leu or Val; and Y is the carboxyl moiety of the amino acid residue at the C-terminus, which is the radical --COOR,--CRO,--CONHNHR, --CON(R)(R') or --CH.sub.2 OR, with R and R' being lower alkyl, fluoro lower alkyl or hydrogen; or a biologically active fragment thereof extending from the N-terminus to a residue in any of positions 27 through 43 as its C-terminus; or a nontoxic acid addition salt thereof.

2. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.1 is N.sup.a MeTyr.

3. The peptide of claim 2 wherein R.sub.27 is Nle.

4. The peptide of claim 3 wherein Y is CONH.sub.2.

5. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.3 is D-Asp.

6. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.1 is N.sup.a MeHis.

7. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.1 is C.sup.a MeTyr.

8. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.1 is C.sup.a Me/4Cl-Phe.

9. The peptide of claim 2 wherein R.sub.3 is Asp, R.sub.8 is Ser, R.sub.10 is Tyr, R.sub.12 is Arg, R.sub.13 is Ile, R.sub.15 is Gly, R.sub.18 is Tyr, R.sub.24 is His, R.sub.25 is Glu, R.sub.27 is Met, R.sub.28 is Asn, R.sub.34 is Arg, R.sub.38 is Gln, R.sub.39 is Arg, R.sub.40 is Ser, R.sub.42 is Phe, R.sub.43 is Asn, R.sub.44 is deleted and Y is --COOH or --CONH.sub.2.

10. The peptide of claim 2 wherein R.sub.3 is Asp, R.sub.8 is Ser, R.sub.10 is Tyr, R.sub.12 is Arg, R.sub.13 is Ile, R.sub.15 is Gly, R.sub.18 is Tyr, R.sub.24 is His, R.sub.25 is Glu, R.sub.27 is Nle, R.sub.28 is Asn, R.sub.34 is Arg, R.sub.38 is Gln, R.sub.39 is Arg, R.sub.40 is Ser, R.sub.42 is Phe, R.sub.43 is Asn, R.sub.44 is deleted and Y is --COOH or --CONH.sub.2.

11. The peptide of claim 2 wherein R.sub.3 is Asp, R.sub.8 is Asn, R.sub.10 is Tyr, R.sub.12 is Lys, R.sub.13 is Val, R.sub.15 is Gly, R.sub.18 is Ser, R.sub.24 is Gln, R.sub.25 is Asp, R.sub.27 is Met, R.sub.28 is Ser, R.sub.34 is Ser, R.sub.38 is Arg, R.sub.39 is Gly, R.sub.40 is Ala, R.sub.42 is Ala, R.sub.43 is Arg, R.sub.44 is Leu and Y is --COOH or --CONH.sub.2.

12. The peptide of claim 1 wherein R.sub.1 is N.sup.a Me(D-Tyr).

13. The peptide of claim 1 having the formula of [N.sup.a MeTyr.sup.1,Nle.sup.27 ]-rhGRF(1-29)-NH.sub.2.

14. The peptide of claim 1 having the formula [N.sup.a MeTyr.sup.1,Nle.sup.27 Asn.sup.28 ]-hpGRF(1-29)-NH.sub.2.

15. A pharmaceutical composition for stimulating the release of GH in an animal comprising an effective amount of the peptide of claim 1 or a nontoxic salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically or veterinarily acceptable liquid or solid carrier therefor.

16. A method of stimulating the release of growth hormone in an animal, which comprises administering to said animal an effective amount of a synthetic peptide having the formula: R.sub.1 -Ala-R.sub.3 -Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-R.sub.8 -Ser-R.sub.10 -Arg-R.sub.12 -R.sub.13 -Leu-R.sub.15 -Gln-Leu-R.sub.18 -Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-R.sub.24 -R.sub.25 -Ile-R.sub.27 -R.sub.28 -Arg-Gln-Gln-Gly-Glu-R.sub.34 -Asn-Gln-Glu-R.sub.38 -R.sub.39 -R.sub.40 -Arg-R.sub.42 -R.sub.43 -R.sub.44 -Y wherein R.sub.1 is Tyr, D-Tyr, Met, Phe, D-Phe, pCl-Phe, Leu, His or D-His, which residue has either a C.sup.a Me or N.sup.a Me substitution; R.sub.3 is Asp or D-Asp; R.sub.8 is Ser, Asn D-Ser or D-Asn; R.sub.10 is Tyr or D-Tyr; R.sub.12 is Arg or Lys; R.sub.13 is Ile or Val; R.sub.15 is Gly or D-Ala; R.sub.18 is Tyr or Ser; R.sub.24 is His or Gln; R.sub.25 is Glu or Asp; R.sub.27 is Met, Ala, Nle, Ile, Leu, Nva or Val; R.sub.28 is Asn or Ser; R.sub.34 is Arg or Ser; R.sub.38 is Gln or Arg; R.sub.39 is Arg or Gly; R.sub.40 is Ser or Ala; R.sub.42 is Phe or Ala; R.sub.43 is Asn or Arg; R.sub.44 is Leu or Val; and Y is the carboxyl moiety of the amino acid residue at the C-terminus, which is the radical --COOR,--CRO,--CONHNHR, --CON(R)(R') or -CH.sub.2 OR, with R and R' being lower alkyl, fluoro lower alkyl or hydrogen; or a biologically active fragment thereof extending from the N-terminus to a residue in any of positions 27 through 43 as its C-terminus; or a nontoxic acid addition salt thereof.

17. A method for promotion of growth in warm-blooded nonhuman animals in accordance with claim 16.

18. A method for growth promotion in aquiculture by administering to fish or other cold-blooded animals in accordance with claim 16.

19. A method of accelerating growth in non-human animals, which method comprises administering an effective amount of a synthetic peptide having the sequence: R.sub.1 -Ala-R.sub.3 -Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-R.sub.8 -Ser-R.sub.10 -Arg-R.sub.12 -R.sub.13 -Leu-R.sub.15 -Gln-Leu-R.sub.18 -Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-R.sub.24 -R.sub.25 -Ile-R.sub.27 -R.sub.28 -R.sub.29 wherein R.sub.1 is Tyr, D-Tyr, Met, Phe, D-Phe, pCl-Phe, Leu, His or D-His which residue has either a C.sup.a Me or N.sup.a Me substitution; R.sub.3 is Asp or D-Asp; R.sub.8 is Ser, Asn, D-Ser or D-Asn; R.sub.10 is Tyr or D-Tyr; R.sub.12 is Arg or Lys: R.sub.13 is Ile or Val; R.sub.15 is Gly or D-Ala; R.sub.18 is Tyr or Ser; R.sub.24 is His or Gln; R.sub.25 is Glu or Asp; R.sub.27 is Met, Ala, Nle, Ile, Leu, Nva or Val; R.sub.28 is Asn, Ser or des-R.sub.28 ; and R.sub.29 is Arg or des-R.sub.29, or a nontoxic acid addition salt thereof.

20. A synthetic peptide having the formula: R.sub.1 -Ala-R.sub.3 -Ala-Ile-Phe-Thr-R.sub.8 -Ser-R.sub.10 -Arg-R.sub.12 -R.sub.13 -Leu-R.sub.15 -Gln-Leu-R.sub.18 -Ala-Arg-Lys-Leu-Leu-R.sub.24 -R.sub.25 -Ile-R.sub.27 -R.sub.28 -R.sub.29 -R.sub.30 -R.sub.31 -R.sub.32 -Y wherein R.sub.1 is Tyr, D-Tyr, Met, Phe, D-Phe, pCl-Phe, Leu, His or D-His which residue has either a C.sup.a Me or N.sup.a Me substitution; R.sub.3 is Asp or D-Asp; R.sub.8 is Ser, Asn, D-Ser or D-Asn; R.sub.10 is Tyr or D-Tyr; R.sub.12 is Arg or Lys; R.sub.13 is Ile or Val; R.sub.15 is Gly or D-Ala; R.sub.18 is Tyr or Ser; R.sub.24 is His or Gln; R.sub.25 is Glu or Asp; R.sub.27 is Met, Ala, Nle, Ile, Leu, Nva or Val; R.sub.28 is Asn, Ser or des-R.sub.28 ; R.sub.29 is Arg or des-R.sub.29; R.sub.30 is Gln or des-R.sub.30 ; R.sub.31 is Gln or des-R.sub.31 ; R.sub.32 is Gly or des-R.sub.32 ; and Y is CON(R)(R') with R and R' being lower alkyl, fluoro lower alkyl or hydrogen; or a nontoxic acid addition salt thereof.
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