.

Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

  • Anticipate P&T budget requirements
  • Evaluate market entry opportunities
  • Find generic sources and suppliers
  • Predict branded drug patent expiration

► Plans and Pricing

Upgrade to enjoy subscriber-only features like email alerts and data export. See the Plans and Pricing

DrugPatentWatch Database Preview

Details for Patent: 4,554,088

« Back to Dashboard

Details for Patent: 4,554,088

Title: Magnetic particles for use in separations
Abstract:A process is provided for the preparation of magnetic particles to which a wide variety of molecules may be coupled. The magnetic particles can be dispersed in aqueous media without rapid settling and conveniently reclaimed from media with a magnetic field. Preferred particles do not become magnetic after application of a magnetic field and can be redispersed and reused. The magnetic particles are useful in biological systems involving separations.
Inventor(s): Whitehead; Roy A. (Hingham, MA), Chagnon; Mark S. (Lowell, MA), Groman; Ernest V. (Brookline, MA), Josephson; Lee (Arlington, MA)
Assignee: Advanced Magnetics Inc. (Cambridge, MA)
Filing Date:May 12, 1983
Application Number:06/493,991
Claims:1. A coupled magnetically-responsive particle comprising a magnetic metal oxide core generally surrounded by a coat of polymeric silane to which molecules of at least one type of bioaffinity adsorbent are covalently coupled, a mass of the uncoupled particles being dispersable in aqueous media to form an aqueous dispersion having (a) a fifty-percent-turbidity-decrease settling time of greater than about 1.5 hours in the absence of a magnetic field, and (b) a ninety-five-percent-turbidity-decrease separation time of less than about 10 minutes in the presence of a magnetic field, the magnetic field being applied to the aqueous dispersion by bringing a vessel containing a volume of the dispersion into contact with a pole face of a permanent magnet, the permanent magnet having a volume which is less than the volume of the aqueous dispersion in the vessel.

2. A coupled magnetically-responsive particle comprising a superparamagnetic iron oxide core generally surrounded by a coat of polymeric silane to which molecules of at least one type of bioaffinity adsorbent are covalently coupled, the iron oxide core including a group of crystals of iron oxide, the uncoupled particle having a mean diameter as measured by light scattering between about 0.1.mu. and about 1.5.mu. and a surface area as measured by nitrogen gas adsorption of at least about 100 m.sup.2 /gm, a mass of the uncoupled particles being dispersable in aqueous media to form an aqueous dispersion having (a) a fifty-percent-turbidity-decrease settling time of greater than about 1.5 hours in the absence of a magnetic field, and (b) a ninety-five-percent-turbidity-decrease separation time of less than about 10 minutes in the presence of a magnetic field, the magnetic field being applied to the aqueous dispersion by bringing a vessel containing a volume of the dispersion into contact with a pole face of a permanent magnet, the permanent magnet having a volume which is less than the volume of the aqueous dispersion in the vessel.

3. A coupled magnetically-responsive particle comprising a ferromagnetic metal oxide core generally surrounded by a coat of polymeric silane to which molecules of at least one type of bioaffinity adsorbent are covalently coupled, the metal oxide core including a group of crystals of metal oxide, the uncoupled particle having a mean diameter as measured by light scattering between about 0.1.mu. and about 1.5.mu. and a surface area as measured by nitrogen gas adsorption of at least about 100 m.sup.2 /gm, a mass of the uncoupled particles being dispersable in aqueous media to form an aqueous dispersion having (a) a fifty-percent-turbidity-decrease settling time of greater than about 1.5 hours in the absence of a magnetic field, and (b) a ninety-five-percent-tubidity-decrease separation time of less than about 10 minutes in the presence of a magnetic field, the magnetic field being applied to the aqueous dispersion by bringing a vessel containing a volume of the dispersion into contact with a pole face of a permanent magnet, the permanent magnet having a volume which is less than the volume of the aqueous dispersion in the vessel.

4. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 1, 2 or 3 wherein the bioaffinity adsorbent is selected from the group consisting of antibodies, antigens, haptens, enzymes, apoenzymes, enzymatic substrates, enzymatic inhibitors, cofactors, binding proteins, carrier proteins, compounds bound by binding proteins, compounds bound by carrier proteins, lectins, monosaccharides, polysaccharides, hormones, receptors, repressors and inducers.

5. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 or 3 wherein the covalently coupled bioaffinity adsorbent is an antibody selected from the group consisting of anti-thyroxine, anti-triiodothyronine, anti-thyroid stimulating hormone, anti-thyroid binding globulin, anti-thyroglobulin, anti-digoxin, anti-cortisol, anti-insulin, anti-theophylline, anti-vitamin B.sub.12, anti-folate, anti-ferritin, anti-human chorionic gonadotropin, anti-follicle stimulating hormone, anti-leuteinizing hormone, anti-progesterone, anti-testosterone, anti-estriol, anti-estradiol, anti-prolactin, anti-human placental lactogen, anti-gastrin and anti-human growth hormone antibodies.

6. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of p-aminophenyltrimethoxysilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are anti-thyroxine antibodies, which antibodies are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by diazotization.

7. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of p-aminophenyltrimethoxysilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are anti-theophylline antibodies, which antibodies are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by diazotization.

8. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of carboxylic-acid terminated glutaric-anhydride-treated 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are molecules of vitamin B.sub.12 binding protein, which molecules of vitamin B.sub.12 binding protein are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by carbodiimide coupling.

9. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of N-2-aminoethyl-3-aminopropylsilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are anti-triiodothyronine antibodies, which antibodies are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by glutaraldehyde coupling.

10. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of N-2-aminoethyl-3-aminopropylsilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are anti-thyroid stimulating hormone antibodies, which antibodies are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by glutaraldehyde coupling.

11. The coupled magnetically-responsive particle of claim 2 wherein the coat of polymeric silane is a coat of N-2-aminoethyl-3-aminopropylsilane polymer and wherein the bioaffinity adsorbents are enzymes selected from the group consisting of alkaline phosphatase and .beta.-galactosidase, which enzymes are covalently coupled to the coat of polymeric silane by glutaraldehyde coupling.
« Back to Dashboard

For more information try a trial or see the database preview and plans and pricing

How are People Using DrugPatentWatch?

Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.

`abc