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Details for Patent: 4,363,815

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Details for Patent: 4,363,815

Title: Alpha hydroxyacids, alpha ketoacids and their use in treating skin conditions
Abstract:Preventive as well as therapeutic treatment to alleviate the symptoms of skin disorders associated with disturbed keratinization or inflammation with one or more alpha or beta hydroxy-acids and alpha or beta ketoacids is disclosed. The alpha or beta hydroxyacids and alpha or beta ketoacids of this invention include free acids, or peroxide, amide, lactone, anhydride, ester, polymer, organic or inorganic salt forms thereof. Therapeutic compositions of this invention may include one or more of the alpha or beta hydroxyacids or the alpha or beta ketoacids of this invention present in a total amount of from 0.1 to 40 percent in an acceptable vehicle. The compositions are particularly useful for the topical treatment of skin conditions such as dry skin, ichthyosis, palmar and plantar hyperkeratosis, dandruff, Darier's disease, lichen simplex chronicus, keratoses, acne, psoriasis, eczema, pruritus and possibly warts and herpes.
Inventor(s): Yu; Ruey J. (Ambler, PA), Van Scott; Eugene J. (Rydal, PA)
Assignee:
Filing Date:Apr 30, 1980
Application Number:06/145,240
Claims:1. A therapeutic composition effective against skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation or disturbed keratinization comprising: at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-mercaptopropanoic acid, 3,3-dithiobis (2-hydroxypropanoic acid), 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfoxide)butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-5-guanidopentanoic acid, 2,6-dihydroxyhexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-6-aminohexanoic acid, 2,5,6-trihydroxyhexanoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxy-6-aminohexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(4-imidazolyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(3' indolyl) propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-mercaptobutanoic acid, 4,4'-dithiobis (2-hydroxybutanoic acid), 2,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-sulfinopropanoic acid, 3-aminolactic acid, 2,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-butanoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxypentanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-5-ureidopentanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-6-ureidohexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(5'-hydroxyindolyl)propanoic acid, 3-(3',4'-dihydroxyphenyl)lactic acid, 3-(3'-iodo-4'-hydroxyphenyl) lactic acid, 3-(3'5'-diiodo-4'-hydroxyphenyl) lactic acid, hydroxy analogue of thyroxine having the formula: ##STR3## hydroxy analogue of thyronine having the formula: ##STR4## quinic acid, 3-hydroxypropanoic acid, glyceruric acid, threuric acid, erythreuric acid, xyluric acid, lyxuric acid, arabinuric acid, riburic acid, iduric acid, guluric acid, mannuric acid, altruric acid, alluric acid, taluric acid, 2-hydroxy-3-sulfonopropanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-thio-s-(3'-hydroxy-1',1',-dimethylpropyl) propanoic acid, P-hydroxyphenylglycolic acid, O-acetylmandelic, acid trihydroxy butanoic acid, tetrahydroxy pentanoic acid, pentahydroxyhexanoic acid and hexahydroxyheptanoic acid, or a salt thereof present in an effective amount in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable lotion, gel, shampoo, spray, stick, powder, cream or ointment.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.

3. A threapeutic composition effective against skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation or disturbed keratinization comprising: at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

2-hydroxysuccinamic acid, 2-hydroxyglutaric acid, 2-hydroxyglutaramic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-aminoglutaric acid, 2,4-dihydroxyglutaric acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-4-aminoglutaric acid, 2-hydroxy-3-thio-s-(1'-carboxy-2'-methylpropyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxyadipic acid, 2,6-dihydroxypimelic acid, 4-hydroxy-4-methylglutamic acid, 3,4-dihydroxyglutamic acid, 4-hydroxyglutamic acid, ribaric acid, arabaric acid, xylaric acid, lyxaric acid, allaric acid, altraric acid, mannaric acid, gularic acid, idaric acid and talaric acid or a salt thereof present in an effective amount in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable lotion, gel, shampoo, spray, stick, powder, cream or ointment.

4. The composition of claim 3 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.

5. A therapeutic composition effective against skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation and disturbed keratinization comprising: at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

acetopyruvic acid, acetyl pyruvic acid and .beta.-fluoropyruvic acid or a salt thereof present in an effective amount in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable lotion, gel, shampoo, spray, stick, powder, cream, or ointment.

6. The composition of claim 5 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.

7. A method for alleviating the symptoms of skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation or disturbed keratinization comprising:

topically administering to the afflicted individual a therapeutic composition containing an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

2-hydroxy-3-methylpentanoic acid, 2,3-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 3,3-dithiobis (2-hydroxypropanoic acid), 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio) butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfoxide)butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-(methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-5-quanidopentanoic acid, 2,6-dihydroxyhexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-6-aminohexanoic acid, 2,5,6-trihydroxyhexanoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxy-6-aminohexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(4-imidazolyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(3'-indolyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-mercaptobutanoic acid, 4,4'-dithiobis(2-hydroxybutanoic acid), 2,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-sulfinopropanoic acid, 3-aminolactic acid, 2,4-dihydroxybutanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-butanoic acid, 2,5-dihydroxypentanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-5-ureidopentanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-6-ureidohexanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-(5'-hydroxyindolyl) propanoic acid, 3-(3'-4'-dihydroxyphenyl)lactic acid, 3-(3'-iodo-4'-hydroxyphenyl)lactic acid, 3-(3'5'-diiodo-4'-hydroxyphenyl)lactic acid, hydroxy analogue of thyroxine having the formula ##STR5## hydroxy analogue of thyronine having the formula: ##STR6## quinic acid, 3-hydroxypropanoic acid, glyceruric acid, threuric acid, erytheuric acid, xyluric acid, lyxuric acid, arabinuric acid, riburic acid, iduric acid, guluric acid, mannuric acid, altruric acid, alluric acid, taluric acid, 2-hydroxy-3-sulfonopropanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-3-thio-s-(3'hydroxy-1',1',-dimethylpropyl) propanoic acid, P-hydroxyphenylglycolic acid O-acetylmandelic trihydroxy butanoic acid, tetrahydroxy pentanoic acid, pentahydroxyhexanoic acid, and hexahydroxyheptanoic acid in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable vehicle.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.

9. A method for alleviating the symptoms of skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation or disturbed keratinization comprising:

topically applying to the afflicted individual a therapeutic composition containing an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

2-hydroxysuccinamic acid, 2-hydroxyglutaric acid, 2-hydroxyglutaramic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-aminoglutaric acid, 2,4-dihydroxyglutaramic acid, 2-hydroxy-4-aminoglutaric acid, 2-hydroxy-3-thio-s-(1'carboxy-2'-methylpropyl)propanoic acid, 2-hydroxyadipic acid, 2,6-dihydroxypimelic acid, 4-hydroxy-4-methylgutamic acid, 3,4-dihydroxyglutamic acid, 4-hydroxyglutamic acid, ribaric acid, arabaric acid, xylaric acid, lyxaric acid, allaric acid, altraric acid, mannaric acid, gularic acid, idaric acid and talaric acid or a salt thereof in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable vehicle.

10. The method of claim 9 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.

11. A method for alleviating the symptoms of skin disease conditions characterized by inflammation or disturbed keratinization comprising:

topically administering to the afflicted individual a therapeutic composition containing an effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:

acetopyruvic acid, acetyl pyruvic acid and .beta.-fluoropyruvic acid or a salt thereof in a pharmaceutically or cosmetically acceptable vehicle.

12. The method of claim 11 wherein said compound is present as a salt of an organic base or an inorganic base selected from the group consisting of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or ammonium hydroxide.
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