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|Title:||Animal feedstuffs employing 3,4,5-trihydroxypiperidines|
|Abstract:||The invention includes certain 3,4,5-trihydroxypiperidine compounds, methods for their preparation, compositions containing said 3,4,5-trihydroxypiperidine compounds and methods for the use of said compounds and compositions. The subject matter of the invention is useful against diabetes, hyperlipaemia and adiposity as well as in animal nutrition.|
|Inventor(s):||Junge; Bodo (Wuppertal, DE), Krause; Hans P. (Wuppertal, DE), Muller; Lutz (Wuppertal, DE), Puls; Walter (Wuppertal, DE)|
|Assignee:||Bayer Aktiengesellschaft (Leverkusen, DE)|
|Filing Date:||Sep 20, 1979|
|Claims:||1. An animal feedstuff or premix thereof which contains an amount effective for increasing the proportion of lean meat to undesired fat of an active compound of the formula ##STR264## in which R.sub.1 is C.sub.1 -C.sub.30 alkyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.18 L alkenyl, C.sub.2 -C.sub.18 alkinyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 cycloalkenyl, C.sub.3 -C.sub.8 -cycloalkinyl or phenyl (a), said alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl and cycloalkinyl being unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 -alkoxy, acyloxy, amino, mono-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino, di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino, acylamino, mercapto, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylthio, halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylcarbonyl, carboxyl, nitro, cyano, formyl, sulfo, naphthyl or phenyl (b); said acyl being derived from an aliphatic carbocyclic acid having from 1 to 7 C-atoms, a phenyl carboxylic acid, unsubstituted or substituted by carboxy, hydroxy, halogen, C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, nitro or amino; said phenyl (a) being unsubstituted or substituted by C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 alkyl, C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 chloroalkyl, C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 nitroalkyl, C.sub.1 to C.sub.10 cyanoalkyl, C.sub. 1 to C.sub.10 alkenyl, hydroxyl, C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkoxy, amino, mono-C.sub.1 to C.sub.4 alkylamino, di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino, mercapto, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylthio, carboxyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 carbalkoxy, sulfo, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylsulfonyl, phenylsulfonyl, aminosulfonyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylaminosulfonyl, di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylaminosulfonyl, nitro, cyano, formyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylcarbonylamino, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylcarbonyl, benzoyl, benzylcarbonyl or phenylacylcarbonyl; |
said naphthyl and phenyl (b) being unsubstituted or substituted by hydroxyl, amino, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino, di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylamino, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxy, nitro, cyano, carboxy, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkoxycarbonyl, C.sub.1 -C.sub.6 alkyl, halogen, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylthio, mercapto, C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylsulfonyl, sulfoaminosulfonyl or C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkylaminosulfonyl R.sub.2 is --H, --OH, --SO.sub.3 H, --CN, --CH.sub.2 NH.sub.2, --CH.sub.2 NH-- (C.sub.1 to C.sub.14 -alkyl), ##STR265## (C.sub.1 to C.sub.14 -alkyl), --CH.sub.2 --NH--SO.sub.2 -- (C.sub.1 to C.sub.14) alkyl, --CH.sub.2 --NH--SO.sub.2 -phenyl, ##STR266## wherein phenyl is unsubstituted or substituted by methyl, ethyl, methoxy, or nitro,
R.sub.3 is --H, --CH.sub.3, --CH.sub.2 OH, --CH.sub.2 --NH.sub.2, NHR'--CH.sub.2 --, NR'R"--CH.sub.2 --, R'CONH--CH.sub.2 R'CO--NR"CH.sub.2 --, R'O--CH.sub.2 --, R'COOCH.sub.2 --, R'SO.sub.2 NHCH.sub.2 --, R'SO.sub.2 --NR"CH.sub.2 --, R'NH--CO--NH--CH.sub.2 --, R'NHCS--NH--CH.sub.2 --, R'O--CO--NH--CH.sub.2 --, wherein R' and R" are the same or different and each has the meaning hydrogen or any of the meanings given above for R.sub.1,
in admixture with an edible non-toxic feed carrier.
2. An animal feedstuff or premix thereof of claim 1 in which the active compound has the steric formula ##STR267## wherein R.sub.1, R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 have the same meaning as defined hereinbefore in claim 1.
3. An animal feedstuff or premix thereof of claim 1 in which the active compound is N-(.beta.-hydroxy-ethyl)-1-desoxynojirimycin.