|Title:||Steroidal aerosol compositions and process for the preparation thereof|
|Abstract:||An antiinflammatory steroid exhibiting a tendency to crystal growth in suspension in aerosol propellants is contacted with a halogenated hydrocarbon to form a crystalline solvate, which, after removal of some or all of the propellant from the crystals, is reduced to a particle size permitting inhalation into the human bronchial system when dispersed as an aerosol, the micronized crystalline solvate not thereafter exhibiting crystal growth in the aerosol propellant. The solvate is a new composition of matter which has been characterized by I.R. spectra and the aerosol formulation prepared therefrom has valuable therapeutic properties, particularly in the treatment of asthma.|
|Inventor(s):||Cook; Peter Barry (Standon, EN), Hunt; John Harold (Theydon Bois, EN)|
|Assignee:||Allen & Hanburys Limited (London, EN)|
|Filing Date:||Jul 09, 1976|
|Claims:||1. A method of converting an anti-inflammatory steroid selected from the group consisting of pregn-4-en-3,20-diones having at the 17.alpha.-position a hydroxy or acyloxy group, provided that when the 17.alpha.-position is substituted by a hydroxy group, the 21-position is substituted by an acyloxy group, or having a 16,17-ketonide group; having an axo group or a .beta.-chlorine or .beta. -hydroxy group at the 11-position; and having a single or double bond in the 1,2-position, the 21-position being unsubstituted or substituted by a hydroxy or acyloxy group or a halogen atom, said steroid having a hydrogen, fluorine or chlorine atom or a methyl group in the 6.alpha.-position; a hydrogen or chlorine atom in the 9.alpha.-position when there is a .beta.-chlorine atom in the 11-position; a fluorine, chlorine or hydrogen atom in the 9.alpha.-position when there is an oxygen function at the 11-position; and a hydrogen atom or a methyl or methylene group at the 16-position; said steroid exhibiting crystal growth in aerosol propellants into a form which does not exhibit such growth whereby the said steroid is contacted with a halogenated hydrocarbon to form a crystalline solvate therewith, the crystalline material so formed being, if desired after removal of some or all of the halogenated hydrocarbon therefrom, reduced to a particle size permitting inhalation into the human bronchial system when dispersed as an aerosol. |
2. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the steroid is beclomethasone dipropionate.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the steroid is betamethasone 21-acetate-17-isobutyrate or 21-chloro-21-desoxy betamethasone-17-propionate.
4. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the halogenated hydrocarbon is a chloro or chlorofluorohydrocarbon having 1 or 2 carbon atoms.
5. A method as claimed in claim 4 in which the halogenated hydrocarbon is trichloromonofluoromethane.
6. A method as claimed in claim 4 in which the halogenated hydrocarbon is dichlorodifluoromethane, trichlorotrifluoroethane or chloroform.
7. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the particle size of the solvate crystals is reduced to less than 20 microns.
8. A method as claimed in claim 7 in which the particle size is reduced to from 2 to 5 microns.
9. A method as claimed in claim 8 in which the steroid is beclomethasone dipropionate and the halogenated hydrocarbon is trichloromonofluoromethane.
10. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the solvate is formed by contacting the steriod, in solvent-free form, with the halogenated hydrocarbon.
11. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the solvate is formed by dissolving the steroid, in unsolvated form, in a first solvent and then distilling the resulting solution with the solvating solvent until the first solvent has been driven off.
12. A method as claimed in claim 11 in which the first solvent is a methanol.
13. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the solvate is formed by crystallization from a low-temperature mixture of a first solvent, in which the steroid in unsolvated form is initially dissolved, and the solvating solvent.
14. A method as claimed in claim 13 in which the solution of the steriod in the first solvent is added slowly to an excess of the solvating solvent.
15. A method as claimed in claim 1 in which the pregn-4-en-3,20-dione steroid is a 17-ester, a 16,17-ketonide, a 21-ester, a 21-desoxy analogue thereof, a 21-desoxy-21-halo analogue thereof, an 11.beta.-chloro and .DELTA..sup.1,4 -analogue thereof, an 11.beta.-chloro or .DELTA..sup.1,4 -analogue thereof.
16. A method as claimed in claim 15 in which the steroid carries in the 6.alpha.-position a fluorine or chlorine atom; in the 9.alpha.-position a chlorine atom or, when there is an oxygen function at the 11-position, a fluorine atom; and/or in the 16-position a methyl or methylene group.
Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.