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Last Updated: September 19, 2021

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Claims for Patent: 9,717,689


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Summary for Patent: 9,717,689
Title:Method of drug formulation based on increasing the affinity of crystalline microparticle surfaces for active agents
Abstract: Methods are provided for coating crystalline microparticles with an active agent by altering the surface properties of the microparticles in order to facilitate favorable association on the microparticle by the active agent. Types of surface properties that are altered by the disclosed methods include electrostatic properties, hydrophobic properties, and hydrogen bonding properties.
Inventor(s): Oberg; Keith A. (Valencia, CA), Sulner; Joseph (Paramus, NJ), Grant; Marshall L. (Newtown, CT)
Assignee: MannKind Corporation (Valencia, CA)
Application Number:15/017,153
Patent Claims: 1. A microparticle comprising a fumaryl diketopiperazine (FDKP) core and an active agent coating; wherein at least a portion of the active agent is bound to a surface of the FDKP core, and wherein the surface of the FDKP core to which the active agent is bound contains a plurality of carboxylic acid groups, part of which are ionized; wherein the plurality of carboxylic acid groups are ionized in an amount that is equivalent to the amount of ionized carboxylic acid groups that would be present on the surface if the FDKP core were dispersed in an aqueous solution having a pH of about 4 to about 5.

2. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the plurality of carboxylic acid groups are ionized in an amount that is equivalent to the amount of ionized carboxylic acid groups that would be present on the surface if the FDKP core were dispersed in an aqueous solution having a pH of about 4.4 to about 5.

3. The microparticle of claim 1, comprising about 9% to about 12% active agent by weight.

4. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the core microparticle further comprises polysorbate 80.

5. The microparticle of claim 1, comprising at least 0.7% polysorbate 80 by weight.

6. The microparticle of claim 5, comprising between 0.7% and 3.5% polysorbate 80 by weight.

7. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the active agent coating is predominantly a monolayer.

8. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein at least a portion of the active agent is electrostatically bound to the FDKP core.

9. The microparticle of claim 8, wherein a majority of the active agent coating is bound to the FDKP core.

10. The microparticle of claim 9, wherein the active agent coating is bound so that a majority of the active agent coating will remain on the surface of the FDKP core when the microparticle is dispersed in water.

11. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the active agent coating is about 11.4% of the total weight of microparticle.

12. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutical microparticle is prepared by a process comprising providing a dispersion of preformed FDKP microparticles in an aqueous solution comprising an active agent, the solution having a pH of about 4.2 to about 5 to adjust the surface charge density of the preformed FDKP microparticles.

13. The microparticle of claim 12, comprising about 10% to about 12% active agent by weight.

14. The microparticle of claim 12, wherein the FDKP core further comprises polysorbate 80.

15. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the active agent comprises at least one of a peptide, polypeptide, or a protein.

16. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the active agent comprises at least one of insulin, parathyroid hormone, growth hormone, ghrelin, GLP-1, anti-SSZ2.sub.41-49 monoclonal antibody, or anti-MOPC-21 monoclonal antibody.

17. The microparticle of claim 1, wherein the active agent comprises at least one of insulin, an insulin analog, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone, ghrelin, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), Texas Red, alkynes, cyclosporins, clopiogrel and PPACK (D-phenylalanyl-L-prolyl-L-arginine chloromethyl ketone), or antibodies and fragments thereof.

18. The microparticle of claim 17, wherein the antibodies or fragments thereof include humanized or chimeric antibodies.

19. The microparticle of claim 18, wherein the humanized or chimeric antibodies are selected from F(ab); F(ab).sub.2; single-chain antibody alone or fused to other polypeptides; therapeutic or diagnostic monoclonal antibodies to cancer antigens, cytokines, infectious agents, inflammatory mediators, hormones, and cell surface antigens.

20. The microparticle of claim 19, wherein the antibodies to tumor antigens are selected from anti-SSX-2.sub.41-49, anti-NY-ESO-1, anti-PRAME, anti-PSMA, anti-Melan-A, anti-tyrosinase, and anti-MOPC-21.

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