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Claims for Patent: 9,198,871

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Claims for Patent: 9,198,871

Title:Delayed release pancreatin compositions
Abstract: An enteric-coated oral dosage form comprising an acid labile active pharmaceutical ingredient where the composition is substantially free of monomeric phthalic acid esters and synthetic oils is described herein. Also provided are methods for making and using the enteric-coated oral dosage form. The disclosed pharmaceutical compositions comprise an enteric coating which includes at least one plasticizer, at least one film-forming agent and optionally at least one anti-sticking agent.
Inventor(s): Shlieout; George (Sehnde, DE), Koelln; Claus-Juergen (Neustadt, DE), Sczesny; Frithjof (Hannover, DE), Onken; Jens (Barsinghausen, DE), Koerner; Andreas (Springe, DE)
Assignee: Abbott Products GmbH (Hanover, DE)
Application Number:11/464,754
Patent Claims: 1. A process for the manufacture of pancreatin micropellets, comprising the steps of: a. providing pancreatin micropellet cores which comprises pancreatin and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable binding agent, wherein the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of: polyethylene glycol 2000, polyethylene glycol 3000, polyethylene glycol 4000, polyethylene glycol 6000, polyethylene glycol 8000 and polyethylene glycol 10000, wherein the pancreatin micropellet cores are substantially free of synthetic oils; b. providing an enteric coating solution comprising i. one or more film forming agents, wherein said one or more film forming agents are selected from the group consisting of: hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate, and methyl cellulose; ii. a plasticizer comprising cetyl alcohol and triethyl citrate which are collectively present in an amount greater than about 3% by weight relative to the one or more film forming agents and wherein the weight to weight ratio of cetyl alcohol to triethyl citrate is from about 0.38:1 to about 0.4:1 and wherein the plasticizer is substantially free of monomeric phthalic acid esters; and iii. optionally, at least one anti-sticking agent, and iv. one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvent(s); c. coating the pancreatin micropellet cores with the enteric coating solution wherein the temperature of the pancreatin micropellet cores during coating is kept at a temperature suitable to apply the enteric coating solution; and d. drying the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellet cores.

2. The process of claim 1 wherein the enteric coating is between about 20% and about 30% by weight of the pancreatin micropellets.

3. The process of claim 1 wherein the cetyl alcohol and triethyl citrate are collectively present in an amount between about 4% and about 20% by weight relative to the film forming agent.

4. The process of claim 1 wherein the anti-sticking agent is selected from the group consisting of: dimethicone and castor oil.

5. The process of claim 1 wherein the anti-sticking agent is present in an amount between about 1.5% and about 3% by weight relative to the film forming agent.

6. The process of claim 1 wherein the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents is selected from the group consisting of: acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol, tert-butanol and mixtures of said solvents.

7. A method of treating a medical condition in a mammalian subject, comprising the steps of: a. providing pancreatin micropellets resulting from the process of claim 1 in a dosage form suitable for oral administration; and b. orally administering the dosage form to the subject to provide pancreatin in an amount sufficient to treat the medical condition; wherein the medical condition is selected from the group consisting of: pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, diabetes type I and diabetes type II.

8. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising a. a pharmacologically effective amount of pancreatin wherein said pancreatin is in the form of pancreatin micropellets resulting from the process of claim 1; and b. a dosage form suitable for oral administration containing said pharmacologically effective amount of pancreatin.

9. A pharmaceutical composition prepared by a process comprising the steps of: a. preparing an extrudable mixture comprising: i. about 10% to about 95% pancreatin; ii. about 5% to about 90% of at least one pharmaceutically acceptable binding agent, wherein the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of: polyethylene glycol 2000, polyethylene glycol 3000, polyethylene glycol 4000, polyethylene glycol 6000, polyethylene glycol 8000 and polyethylene glycol 10000, wherein the pancreatin micropellet cores are substantially free of synthetic oils; iii. 0% to about 10% of at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient; and iv. one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents in an amount sufficient to form an extrudable mixture; wherein the percentages of components are weight to weight of the extrudable mixture; b. creating pancreatin micropellet cores from the extrudable mixture; c. forming the pancreatin micropellet cores into approximately spherical or approximately ellipsoidal shape in the presence of additional enzyme-friendly organic solvent; d. removing the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents from the pancreatin micropellet cores such that the pancreatin micropellet cores are substantially free of the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents; e. coating the pancreatin micropellet cores with an enteric coating solution comprising: i. one or more film forming agents, wherein said one or more film forming agents are selected from the group consisting of: hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate and methyl cellulose; ii. a plasticizer comprising cetyl alcohol and triethyl citrate which are collectively present in an amount greater than about 3% by weight relative to the one or more film forming agents and wherein the weight to weight ratio of cetyl alcohol to triethyl citrate is from about 0.38:1 to about 0.4:1; and iii. optionally at least one anti-sticking agent in one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvent; wherein the temperature of the pancreatin micropellet cores during coating is kept at a temperature suitable to apply the enteric coating solution and wherein the enteric coating solution is substantially free of monomeric phthalic acid esters; f. drying the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellet cores; and g. placing the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellet cores in a dosage form suitable for oral administration.

10. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9 wherein the pancreatin is present between about 70% and about 90% weight to weight of the pancreatin micropellet cores.

11. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the binding agent is present between about 10% and about 30% weight to weight of the pancreatin micropellet cores.

12. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the binding agent is polyethylene glycol 4000.

13. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient is selected from the group consisting of: magnesium stearate, calcium stearate, stearic acid, talcum, starch, calcium phosphate, corn starch, dextrans, dextrin, hydrated silicon dioxide, microcrystalline cellulose, kaolin, lactose, mannitol, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, precipitated calcium carbonate, sorbitol, silicic acid, alginic acid, amylose, calcium alginate, calcium carbonate, formaldehyde gelatin, pectic carbonate, sago starch, sodium bicarbonate and glycerol.

14. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents are present between about 15% and about 35% by weight relative to the amount of pancreatin.

15. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents is selected from the group consisting of: acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol, tert-butanol and mixtures of said solvents.

16. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents is 2-propanol.

17. The pharmaceutical composition prepared by the process of claim 9, wherein removing the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents from the pancreatin micropellet cores is by drying at a temperature between about 30.degree. C. and about 75.degree. C.

18. A pharmaceutical composition prepared by a process comprising the steps of: a. providing pancreatin micropellet cores which comprise at least one pharmaceutically acceptable binding agent, wherein the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of: polyethylene glycol 2000, polyethylene glycol 3000, polyethylene glycol 4000, polyethylene glycol 6000, polyethylene glycol 8000 and polyethylene glycol 10000, wherein the pancreatin micropellet cores are substantially free of synthetic oils; b. providing an enteric coating solution comprising i. at least one film forming agent, wherein said film forming agent is selected from the group consisting of: hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate and methyl cellulose; ii. a plasticizer comprising cetyl alcohol and triethyl citrate which are collectively present in an amount of greater than about 3% by weight relative to the one or more film forming agents and wherein the weight to weight ratio of cetyl alcohol to triethyl citrate is from about 0.38:1 to about 0.4:1 and wherein the plasticizer is substantially free of monomeric phthalic acid esters; and iii. optionally at least one anti-sticking agent in one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvent; c. coating the pancreatin micropellet cores with the enteric coating solution wherein the temperature of the pancreatin micropellet cores during coating is kept at a temperature suitable to apply the enteric coating solution; d. drying the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellet cores; and e. placing the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellet cores in a dosage form suitable for oral administration.

19. The composition of claim 18 wherein the enteric coating is between about 20% and about 30% by weight of the pancreatin micropellets.

20. The composition of claim 18 wherein the anti-sticking agent is selected from the group consisting of: dimethicone and castor oil.

21. The composition of claim 18 wherein the anti-sticking agent is present in an amount between about 1.5% and about 3% by weight relative to the film forming agent.

22. The composition of claim 18 wherein the one or more enzyme-friendly organic solvents is selected from the group consisting of: acetone, chloroform, dichloromethane, methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, 2-butanol, tert-butanol and mixtures of said solvents.

23. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 18, wherein the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellets have a gastric acid resistance of about 75% or more at about pH 1.

24. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 18, wherein the enteric-coated pancreatin micropellets have a gastric acid resistance of about 75% or more at about pH 5.

25. A pharmaceutical composition comprising: a. pancreatin micropellet cores which comprise at least one pharmaceutically acceptable binding agent, wherein the binding agent is selected from the group consisting of: polyethylene glycol 2000, polyethylene glycol 3000, polyethylene glycol 4000, polyethylene glycol 6000, polyethylene glycol 8000 and polyethylene glycol 10000, wherein the pancreatin micropellet cores are substantially free of synthetic oils; b. at least one film forming agent, wherein said film forming agent is selected from the group consisting of: hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose acetate succinate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate and methyl cellulose; c. a plasticizer comprising cetyl alcohol and triethyl citrate which are collectively present in an amount greater than about 3% by weight relative to the one or more film forming agents and wherein the weight to weight ratio of cetyl alcohol to triethyl citrate is from about 0.38:1 to about 0.4:1 and wherein the plasticizer is substantially free of monomeric phthalic acid esters; and d. optionally at least one anti-sticking agent.

26. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the percent lipase activity present in a phosphate buffer solution is greater than 0% after 10 minutes, greater than about 30% after 20 minutes, greater than about 50% after 30 minutes and greater than about 65% after 60 minutes as measured according to the United States Pharmacopoeia using a phosphate buffer solution at pH 6.

27. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the percent lipase activity present in a phosphate buffer solution is greater than 0.1% after 10 minutes, greater than about 15% after 20 minutes, greater than about 45% after 30 minutes and greater than about 65% after 60 minutes as measured according to the United States Pharmacopoeia but using a MclIvaine's (citrate-phosphate) buffer solution at pH 6.

28. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the percent lipase activity is greater than about 75% after five months in an environment of about 30.degree. C. and about 65% relative humidity.

29. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the composition has a gastric acid resistance of about 75% or more at about pH 1 after five months in an environment of about 30.degree. C. and about 65% relative humidity.

30. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the composition has a gastric acid resistance of about 75% or more at about pH 5 after five months in an environment of about 30.degree. C. and about 65% relative humidity.

31. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the pharmaceutical composition has a dissolution profile with a similarity factor (f.sub.2) greater than 50 when compared to the dissolution profile of composition G in Table 1; wherein f.sub.2 is determined by the formula: f.sub.2=50 log {[1+1/n.SIGMA..sup.n.sub.t=1(R.sub.t-T.sub.t).sup.2].sup.-0.5*100}.

32. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the pharmaceutical composition has a dissolution profile with a similarity factor (f.sub.2) greater than 50 when compared to the dissolution profile of composition 13 in Table 1; wherein f.sub.2 is determined by the formula: f.sub.2=50 log {[1+1/n.SIGMA..sup.n.sub.t=1(R.sub.t-T.sub.t).sup.2].sup.-0.5*100}.
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