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Claims for Patent: 8,729,019

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Claims for Patent: 8,729,019

Title:Method of drug formulation based on increasing the affinity of crystalline microparticle surfaces for active agents
Abstract: Methods are provided for coating crystalline microparticles with an active agent by altering the surface properties of the microparticles in order to facilitate favorable association on the microparticle by the active agent. Type of surface properties that are altered by the disclosed methods include by electrostatic properties, hydrophobic properties and hydrogen bonding properties.
Inventor(s): Oberg; Keith A. (Valencia, CA), Sulner; Joseph (Paramus, NJ)
Assignee: Mannkind Corporation (Valencia, CA)
Application Number:12/830,557
Patent Claims: 1. A microparticle comprising a diketopiperazine and polysorbate 80.

2. The microparticle of claim 1 further comprising an active agent.

3. The microparticle of claim 1 wherein the diketopiperazine is crystalline.

4. The microparticle of claim 3 further comprising an active agent wherein the active agent is adsorbed to a crystalline surface of the diketopiperazine.

5. The microparticle of claim 4 wherein the active agent forms a monolayer on the crystalline surface.

6. The microparticle of claim 5 wherein the monolayer is continuous.

7. The microparticle of claim 4 wherein the adsorption of the active agent is mediated by an electrostatic, polar, ionic, hydrophobic, hydrogen bonding, or van der Waals interaction.

8. The microparticle of claim 1 wherein the diketopiperazine is selected from the group consisting of: 3,6-di(4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(succinyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(maleyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(citraconyl-4-aminobutyl)-2-5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(glutaryl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(malonyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(oxalyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; and 3,6-di(fumaryl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine.

9. The microparticle of claim 1 comprising approximately 0.8% w/w polysorbate 80.

10. The microparticle of claim 2 wherein the active agent is selected from the group consisting of insulin or an analog thereof, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), ghrelin, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), antibodies and fragments thereof, and cyclosporins.

11. The microparticle of claim 10 wherein the active agent comprises insulin or analog thereof.

12. The microparticle of claim 4 wherein the active agent is selected from the group consisting of insulin or an analog thereof, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), ghrelin, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), antibodies and fragments thereof, and cyclosporins.

13. The microparticle of claim 12 wherein the active agent comprises insulin or analog thereof.

14. A method of preparing the diketopiperazine microparticles of claim 1 comprising: a. obtaining a solution of a diketopiperazine with limited solubility at low pH, b. adding polysorbate 80 to the solution, and c. precipitating diketopiperazine particles comprising polysorbate 80 by a step comprising adding an acid to the solution thereby forming a suspension of microparticles.

15. The method of claim 14 wherein the diketopiperazine is selected from the group consisting of: 3,6-di(succinyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(maleyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(citraconyl-4-aminobutyl)-2-5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(glutaryl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(malonyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; 3,6-di(oxalyl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine; and 3,6-di(fumaryl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine.

16. The method of claim 15 wherein the diketopiperazine is 3,6-di(fumaryl-4-aminobutyl)-2,5-diketopiperazine.

17. The method of claim 14 wherein the precipitation comprises the addition of acetic acid to the solution.

18. The method of claim 14 wherein the method further comprises adding an active agent to the suspension.

19. The method of claim 18 wherein the active agent is selected from the group consisting of insulin or an analog thereof, growth hormone, parathyroid hormone (PTH), ghrelin, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), antibodies and fragments thereof, and cyclosporins.

20. The method of claim 19 wherein the active agent comprises insulin or an analog thereof.

21. The method of claim 18, further comprising altering suspension conditions in said suspension of microparticles to modify an energetic interaction between said active agent and said microparticles wherein said altering suspension conditions is selected from the group consisting of altering the pH of the solvent, adding monovalent or multivalent ions, altering the polarity, and adding hydrogen bond donors or acceptors to modify a surface property of said microparticle wherein said altering step does not include a step of removing said solvent from said suspension; and adsorbing said active agent onto a surface of said microparticles to provide a coating of said active agent on said microparticles without removing solvent from said suspension; wherein said altering step causes said adsorbing of said active agent onto a surface of said microparticles.
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