.

Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence

  • Anticipate P&T budget requirements
  • Evaluate market entry opportunities
  • Find generic sources and suppliers
  • Predict branded drug patent expiration

► Plans and Pricing

Upgrade to enjoy subscriber-only features like email alerts and data export. See the Plans and Pricing

DrugPatentWatch Database Preview

Claims for Patent: 7,135,465

« Back to Dashboard

Claims for Patent: 7,135,465

Title:Sustained release beadlets containing stavudine
Abstract:Extended dosage forms of stavudine are provided comprising beadlets formed by extrusion-spheronization and coated with a seal coating. The beadlets are also coated with a modified release coating such that a hard gelatin capsule containing such beadlets will provide blood levels of stavudine over approximately 24 hours. The beadlets are prepared from a dry blend of stavudine, a spheronizing agent, a suitable diluent and a stabilizing amount of magnesium stearate. The magnesium stearate, in contrast to other similar pharmaceutical adjuncts, has been found to stabilize stavudine against degradation due to hydrolysis in the presence of the limited amount of water necessary for the extrusion-spheronization process. Also included in the scope of the invention are hard gelatin capsules containing, in addition to the stavudine beadlets, similar beadlets containing other therapeutic agents utilized to treat retroviral infections.
Inventor(s): Abramowitz; Robert (West Windsor, NJ), O'Donoghue; Denise M. (Hightstown, NJ), Jain; Nemichand B. (West Windsor, NJ)
Assignee: Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (Princeton, NJ)
Application Number:09/821,103
Patent Claims: 1. Extruded-spheronized beadlets comprising stavudine, a spheronizing agent, and a quantity of magnesium stearate sufficient to stabilize stavudine against degradation during the extrusion-spheronization process.

2. The beadlets of claim 1 containing from about 0.5 to about 3.0 percent by weight of magnesium stearate based on the weight of stavudine present therein.

3. The beadlets of claim 1 containing from about 1.4 to about 1.7 percent by weight of magnesium stearate based on the weight of stavudine present therein.

4. The beadlets of claim 1 wherein the spheronizing agent is selected from the group consisting of microcrystalline cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and corn starch.

5. The beadlets in claim 4 wherein the spheronizing agent is microcrystalline cellulose.

6. The beadlets of claim 1, further comprising a diluent.

7. The beadlets of claim 6 wherein said diluent is selected from consisting of lactose, dicalcium phosphate, mannitol and cornstarch.

8. The beadlets of claim 1, further comprising a seal coating and a modified release coating.

9. The beadlets of claim 8 wherein the seal coating comprises a film-former and an antiadherent, and the modified release coating comprises a polymeric barrier material and a plasticizer therefor.

10. The beadlets of claim 9 wherein the film-former is selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and hydroxypropyl cellulose.

11. The beadlets of claim 9 wherein the antiadherent is selected from the group consisting of talc, microcrystalline cellulose and magnesium stearate.

12. The beadlets of claim 9 wherein the polymeric barrier material comprises polymethacrylate.

13. The beadlets of claim 9 wherein the polymeric barrier material comprises ethylcellulose.

14. The beadlets of claim 9 wherein the plasticizer comprises acylated monoglycerides.

15. Extended-sphereonized beadlets, comprising: a) stavudine; b) a spheronizing agent; c) a diluent; d) magnesium stearate in an amount sufficient to stabilize stavudine against degradation during the extrusion-spheronization process; e) a seal coating; and f) a modified release coating.

16. The beadlets of claim 15 containing from about 33 to about 67 percent by weight of stavudine.

17. The beadlets of claim 15 wherein the spheronizing agent is selected from the group consisting of microcrystalline cellulose, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and corn starch.

18. The beadlets of claim 15 wherein the diluent is selected from the group consisting of lactose, dicalcium phosphate, manitol and corn starch.

19. The beadlets of claim 15 wherein a) the spheronizng agent is microcrystalline cellulose; b) the diluent is lactose; c) the seal coating comprises a film-former and an antiadherent; and d) the modified release coating comprises a polymeric barrier material and a plasticizer.

20. The beadlets of claim 19 wherein said film-former is hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, said antiadherent is talc, said polymeric barrier material is ethylcellulose and said plasticizer comprises distilled acetylated monoglycerides.

21. A pharmaceutical dosage form comprising a hard gelatin capsule containing a sufficient amount of the beadlets of claim 1, 15 or 19 to provide an effective dosage of stavudine over approximately 24 hours.

22. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 21, wherein said capsule additionally contains beadlets containing at least one other medicament useful in treating retroviral infections such that blood levels of said other medicament are provided over approximately 24 hours.

23. A pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 22, wherein said other medicaments are selected from the group consisting of didanosine, [3S-(3R*,8R*,9R*,12R*)]-3,12-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-8-hydroxy-4,11-dioxo-- 9-(phenylmethyl)-6{[4-(2-pyridinyl)phenyl]methyl }-2,3,6,10,13-pentaazaretetradecanedioic acid dimethyl ester, indinavir and lodenosine.

24. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 23 wherein said other medicament is didanosine.

25. The pharmaceutical dosage form of claim 23 wherein said other medicament comprises (a) [3S-(3R*,8R*,9R*,12R*)]-3,12-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-8-hydroxy-4,11-dioxo-- 9-(phenylmethyl)-6{[4-(2-pyridinyl)phenyl]methyl }-2,3,6,10,13-pentaazaretetradecanedioic acid dimethyl ester; and (b) optionally didanosine.

26. A method of treating a patient in need of therapy for a retroviral infection comprising administering to said patient a pharmaceutical dosage form comprising a hard gelatin capsule containing a sufficient amount of the beadlets of claim 1, 15 or 19 to provide an effective dosage of stavudine, thereby providing said treatment over approximately 24 hours.

27. The method of claim 26 wherein said capsule additionally contains beadlets containing at least one other medicament useful in treating retroviral infections such that treatment with said other medicament is provided over approximately 24 hours.

28. The method of claim 27 wherein said other medicament is selected from the group consisting of didanosine, [3S -(3R*,8R*,9R*,12R*)]-3,12-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-8-hydroxy-4,11-dioxo-9-(- phenylmethyl)-6{[4-(2-pyridinyl)phenyl]methyl }-2,3,6,10,13-pentaazaretetradecanedioic acid dimethyl ester, indinavir and lodenosine.

29. The method of claim 28 wherein said other medicament is at least one of didanosine and [3S-(3R*,8R*,9R*,12R*)]-3,12-Bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-8-hydroxy-4,11-dioxo-- 9-(phenylmethyl)-6{[4-(2-pyridinyl)phenyl]methyl }-2,3,6,10,13-pentaazaretetradecanedioic acid dimethyl ester.

30. The method of claim 29 wherein said other medicament is didanosine.

31. A process of forming beadlets containing stavudine, comprising: (a) forming a wet mass of stavudine, a spheronizing agent, an optional diluent, an amount of magnesium stearate sufficient to stabilize the stavudine against degradation during said process, and water sufficient to form a wet mass suitable for extrusion; (b) extruding said mass to form an extrudate; (c) spheronizing said extrudate to form beadlets; and (d) drying said beadlets.

32. The process of claim 31, further comprising the steps of forming a seal coating over said beadlets and forming a modified release coating over said seal coating.

33. The process of claim 32 wherein said spheronizing agent is microcrystalline cellulose, said diluent is lactose, said seal coating comprises a film-former and an antiadherent, and said modified release coating comprises a polymeric barrier material and a plasticizer therefor.

34. The process of claim 31, further comprising the step of blending stavudine, the spheronizing agent, the optional diluent and magnesium stearate prior to forming the wet mass.
« Back to Dashboard

For more information try a trial or see the database preview and plans and pricing

How are People Using DrugPatentWatch?

Drugs may be covered by multiple patents or regulatory protections. All trademarks and applicant names are the property of their respective owners or licensors. Although great care is taken in the proper and correct provision of this service, thinkBiotech LLC does not accept any responsibility for possible consequences of errors or omissions in the provided data. The data presented herein is for information purposes only. There is no warranty that the data contained herein is error free. thinkBiotech performs no independent verifification of facts as provided by public sources nor are attempts made to provide legal or investing advice. Any reliance on data provided herein is done solely at the discretion of the user. Users of this service are advised to seek professional advice and independent confirmation before considering acting on any of the provided information. thinkBiotech LLC reserves the right to amend, extend or withdraw any part or all of the offered service without notice.

`abc