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Claims for Patent: 7,083,809

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Claims for Patent: 7,083,809

Title:Purified cytokine inhibitory factor
Abstract: Disclosed is a composition comprising a substantially purified Cytokine Inhibitory Factor (CIF) having certain characteristics, including the ability to inhibit RNA transcription of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-.alpha.), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1.beta.), and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Also disclosed is a method for substantially purifying the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor and a method for modulating the immune system of an animal using such composition.
Inventor(s): Iyer; Subramanian (Hockessin, DE), Johnson; William L. (Wilmington, DE), Nguyen; Lance (Telford, PA), Ross; Steven C. (Wilmington, DE), Xing; Ruye (Avondale, PA)
Assignee: Arkion Life Sciences, LLC (Wilmington, DE)
Application Number:10/364,593
Patent Claims: 1. A composition comprising a substantially purified Cytokine Inhibitory Factor, wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor: a) has molecular weight less than 6,000 Da; b) is naturally present in a lipid fraction of egg yolk of avian eggs; c) has a maximum wavelength absorbance at 205 nm; d) is a non-proteinatious substance; e) has a melting point of between about 39.degree. C. to 42.degree. C.; and f) inhibits RNA transcription of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF -.alpha.), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1.beta.), and interleukin-2 (IL-2).

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor is soluble in a solvent selected from the group consisting of chloroform, ethanol, and methanol.

3. The composition of claim 1 wherein 100 mg of the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor is soluble in 1.0 milliliters of solvent.

4. The composition of claim 1 wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor is insoluble in a solvent selected from the group consisting of acetone, DMSO, hexane, diethyl ether, vegetable oil, and water.

5. The composition of claim 1 wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor inhibits biosynthesis of prostaglandin E.sub.2 (PGE.sub.2).

6. The composition of claim 1 wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor has an anti-inflammatory effect in treating arthritis.

7. The composition of claim 1 wherein the composition comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

8. The composition of claim 7 wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is selected from the group consisting of: water, phosphate buffered saline, Ringer's solution, dextrose solution, serum-containing solutions, Hank's solution, other aqueous physiologically balanced solutions, oils, esters, glycols, biocompatible polymers, polymeric matrices, capsules, microcapsules, microparticles, bolus preparations, osmotic pumps, diffusion devices, liposomes, lipospheres, cells, and cellular membranes.

9. The composition of claim 7, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is a hyperimmune egg product which is selected to be enriched for said Cytokine Inhibitory Factor.

10. The composition of claim 7, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is a food product produced with at least a fraction of a hyperimmune egg product, wherein said fraction comprises an enriched amount of said Cytokine Inhibitory Factor as compared to said hyperimmune egg product.

11. The composition of claim 7, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable carrier comprises a fraction of a hyperimmune egg product containing an enriched amount of said Cytokine Inhibitory Factor as compared to said hyperimmune egg product.

12. The composition of claim 11, wherein said fraction is selected from the group consisting of: liquid egg yolk, powdered egg yolk, and a water in-soluble fraction of said hyperimmune egg product.

13. The composition of claim 7, wherein said composition is in a form selected from the group consisting of a liquid, an aerosol, a capsule, a tablet, a pill, a powder, a gel and a granule.

14. The composition of claim 7, wherein said pharmaceutically acceptable carrier comprises a controlled release formulation.

15. A purified Cytokine Inhibitory Factor produced by a process comprising: a) separating a water-insoluble fraction (WIF) from a water-soluble fraction (WSF) of an egg yolk; b) separating the water-insoluble fraction into a neutral lipid fraction and a polar lipid fraction; c) purifying the polar lipid fraction into Cytokine Inhibitory Factor fractions by high performance liquid chromatography.

16. The purified Cytokine Inhibitory Factor of claim 15 wherein step b) the neutral lipid fraction is extracted using an organic solvent selected from the group consisting of acetone and hexane.

17. The purified Cytokine Inhibitory Factor of claim 15 wherein step b) the polar lipid fraction is extracted using an organic solvent selected from the group consisting of ethanol, chloroform, and methanol.

18. A method for purifying a Cytokine Inhibitory Factor from an avian egg, the egg comprising a yolk and a white, the method comprising: a) separating the egg into a water-insoluble fraction (WIF) and a water-soluble fraction (WSF); b) extracting a polar lipid fraction from the water-insoluble fraction and; c) purifying the polar lipid fraction into Cytokine Inhibitory Factor fractions by high performance liquid chromatography.

19. The method of claim 18 further comprising extracting a neutral lipid fraction from the water-insoluble fraction of the egg.

20. The method of claim 18 wherein step b) is performed by supercritical fluid extraction.

21. The method of claim 18 further comprising separating the egg yolk from the egg white, wherein step a), the egg yolk is separated into the water-insoluble fraction (WIF) and the water-soluble fraction (WSF).

22. A method of inhibiting Cytokine expression in an animal comprising administering the composition of claim 1 to the animal.

23. The method of claim 22 wherein the cytokine comprises a proinflammatory cytokine selected from the group consisting of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-.alpha.), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1.beta.), and interleukin-2 (IL-2).

24. The method of claim 22 wherein the composition comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

25. The method of claim 24 wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is selected from the group consisting of: water, phosphate buffered saline, Ringer's solution, dextrose solution, serum-containing solutions, Hank's solution, other aqueous physiologically balanced solutions, oils, esters, glycols, biocompatible polymers, polymeric matrices, capsules, microcapsules, microparticles, bolus preparations, osmotic pumps, diffusion devices, liposomes, lipospheres, cells, and cellular membranes.

26. The method of claim 22 wherein the composition is administered by a route selected from the group consisting of oral, intravenous administration, intraperitoneal administration, intramuscular administration, subcutaneous administration, transdermal delivery, intratracheal administration, inhalation, impregnation of a catheter, by suppository, and direct injection into a tissue.

27. The method of claim 22, wherein said composition is administered at a dose of from about 1 nanogram to about 400 milligrams of said Cytokine Inhibitory Factor per kilogram body weight of said animal.

28. The method of claim 22, wherein administration of said composition inhibits expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-.alpha.), interleukin-1.beta.(IL-1.beta.) or interleukin-6 (IL-6) by cells of said animal.

29. The method of claim 22, wherein administration of said composition down regulates synthesis of prostaglandin E.sub.2 (PGE.sub.2) by cells of said animal.

30. The method of claim 22, wherein the animal is a mammal.

31. A method of modulating the immune system of an animal, comprising administering to the animal a composition comprising a Cytokine Inhibitory Factor, wherein the Cytokine Inhibitory Factor: a) has molecular weight less than 6,000 Da; b) is naturally present in a lipid fraction of egg yolk of avian eggs; c) has a maximum wavelength absorbance at 205 nm; d) is a non-proteinatious substance; e) has a melting point of between about 39.degree. C. to 42.degree. C.; and f) inhibits RNA transcription of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-.alpha.), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1.beta.), and interleukin-2 (IL-2).

32. The method of claim 31, wherein said composition is administered by a route selected from the group consisting of oral, intravenous administration, intraperitoneal administration, intramuscular administration, subcutaneous administration, transdermal delivery, intratracheal administration, inhalation, impregnation of a catheter, by suppository, and direct injection into a tissue.

33. The method of claim 31, wherein said composition comprises a food product containing said Cytokine Inhibitory Factor.

34. The method of claim 31, wherein administration of said composition produces a result selected from the group consisting of: reduction in symptoms of arthritis and reduction of inflammation associated with arthritis.
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