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Claims for Patent: 6,803,376

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Claims for Patent: 6,803,376

Title: Method of use of quinolone compounds against pneumococcal and haemophilus bacteria
Abstract:This invention relates, in part, to newly identified methods of using quinolone antibiotics, particularly a gemifloxacin compound against certain pathogenic bacteria, particularly quinolone resistant S. pnemoniae and rare H. influenzae strains.
Inventor(s): Appelbaum; Peter C. (Hershey, PA), Credito; Kim L. (Hershey, PA), Davies; Todd (Hershey, PA), Hoellman; Diane B. (Hershey, PA), Kelly; Linda M. (Hershey, PA), Pankuch; Glenn A. (Hershey, PA)
Assignee: SmithKline Beecham Corporation (Philadelphia, PA)
Application Number:09/569,648
Patent Claims: 1. A method for modulating metabolism of pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria comprising the step of contacting pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria with an antibacterially effective amount of a composition comprising a gemifloxacin compound, or an antibacterially effective derivative thereof, wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is selected from the group consisting of: bacteria comprising a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; bacteria comprising a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; bacteria comprising a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; bacteria comprising at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parc, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said modulating metabolism is inhibiting growth of said bacteria.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said modulating metabolism is killing said bacteria.

4. The method of claim 1 wherein said contacting said bacteria comprises the further step of introducing said composition into a mammal.

5. The method of claim 4 wherein said mammal is a human.

6. A method of treating or preventing a bacterial infection by pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria comprising the step of administering an antibacterially effective amount of a composition comprising a gemifloxacin compound, or an antibacterially effective derivative thereof, to a mammal suspected of having or being at risk of having an infection with pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria, wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is selected from the group consisting of: bacteria comprising a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; bacteria comprising a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; bacteria comprising a mutation in gyra at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; bacteria comprising a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; bacteria comprising at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfloxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; bacteria that are ciprofloxacin-resistant, levofloxacin-resistant, sparfioxacin-resistant, grepafloxacin-resistant, or trovafloxacin-resistant, or a combination thereof, that comprise a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K; Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB; and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein said mammal is a human.

8. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parC at S79-F or Y, D83-N, R95-C, or K137-N.

9. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrA at S83-A, C, F, or Y; E87-K; or S116-G.

10. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in parE at D435-N or I460-V.

11. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in gyrB at D435-N or E474-K.

12. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising at least four mutations in a QRDR of parC, gyrA, parE, and gyrB.

13. The method of claim 6 wherein said pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria comprising a mutation in a quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC, gyra, parE, and/or gyrB.

14. A method for modulating metabolism of quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria comprising the step of contacting quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria with an antibacterially effective amount of a composition comprising a gemifloxacin compound, or an antibacterially effective derivative thereof, wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is selected from the group consisting of: a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC and/or gyrA; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parC, said mutation comprising S79-F and/or Y, D83-G and/or N, N91-D, R95-C, and/or K137-N; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrA, said mutation comprising S81-A, C, F, and/or Y; E85-K; and/or S114-G; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parE, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or I460-V; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrB, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or E474-K; a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which are resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, or sparfloxacin; and a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which also comprising an efflux mechanism of quinolone resistance.

15. The method of claim 14 wherein said modulating metabolism is inhibiting growth of said bacteria.

16. The method of claim 14 wherein said modulating metabolism is killing said bacteria.

17. The method of claim 14 wherein said contacting said bacteria comprises the further step of introducing said composition into a mammal.

18. The method of claim 17 wherein said mammal is a human.

19. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parC, said mutation comprising S79-F and/or Y, D83-G and/or N, N91-D, R95-C, and/or K137-N.

20. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrA, said mutation comprising S81-A, C, F, and/or Y; E85-K; and/or S114-G.

21. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parE, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or I460-V.

22. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrB, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or E474-K.

23. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB.

24. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which are resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, or sparfloxacin.

25. The method of claim 14 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which also comprising an efflux mechanism of quinolone resistance.

26. A method of treating or preventing a bacterial infection by quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria comprising the step of administering an antibacterially effective amount of a composition comprising a gemifloxacin compound, or an antibacterially effective derivative thereof, to a mammal suspected of having or being at risk of having an infection with quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria, wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is selected from the group consisting of: a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of parC and/or gyrA; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parC, said mutation comprising S79-F and/or Y, D83-G and/or N, N91 -D, R95-C, and/or K137-N; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrA, said mutation comprising S81-A, C, F, and/or Y; E85-K; and/or S114-G; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parE, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or I460-V; a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrB, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or E474-K; a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB; a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which are resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, or sparfloxacin; and a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which also comprising an efflux mechanism of quinolone resistance.

27. The method of claim 14 wherein said mammal is a human.

28. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parC, said mutation comprising S79-F and/or Y, D83-G and/or N, N91-D, R95-C, and/or K137-N.

29. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrA, said mutation comprising S81-A, C, F, and/or Y; E85-K; and/or S114-G.

30. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in parE, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or I460-V.

31. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising a mutation in gyrB, said mutation comprising D435-N and/or E474-K.

32. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB.

33. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which are resistant to ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, or sparfloxacin.

34. The method of claim 26 wherein said quinolone-resistant pneumococcal pathogenic bacteria is a pneumococcal strain comprising three or four mutations in a QRDRs of parC, gyrA, parE, and/or gyrB, any of which also comprising an efflux mechanism of quinolone resistance.
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