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Claims for Patent: 6,071,497

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Claims for Patent: 6,071,497

Title: Microparticles for lung delivery comprising diketopiperazine
Abstract:Drug delivery to the pulmonary system has been achieved by encapsulation of the drug to be delivered in microparticles having a size range between 0.5 and ten microns, preferably in the range of two to five microns, formed of a material releasing drug at a pH of greater than 6.4. In a preferred embodiment, the drug delivery system is based on the formation of diketopiperazine microparticles which are stable at a pH of 6.4 or less and unstable at pH of greater than 6.4, or which are stable at both acidic and basic pH, but which are unstable at pH between about 6.4 and 8. Other types of materials can also be used, including biodegradable natural and synthetic polymers, such as proteins, polymers of mixed amino acids (proteinoids), alginate, and poly(hydroxy acids). In another embodiment, the microparticles have been modified to effect targeting to specific cell types and to effect release only after reaching the targeted cells.
Inventor(s): Steiner; Solomon S. (Mt. Kisco, NY), Feldstein; Robert (Dobbs Ferry, NY), Lian; Huiling (Yonkers, NY), Rhodes; Christopher A. (Stamford, CT), Shen; Gregory S. (Hartsdale, NY)
Assignee: Pharmaceutical Discovery Corporation (Elmsford, NY)
Application Number:08/847,352
Patent Claims: 1. A microparticulate system for drug delivery to the pulmonary system comprising:

synthetic biodegradable microparticles which comprise a diketopiperazine and which have a diameter between 0.5 microns and ten microns and which release an incorporated therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent at a pH of 6.0 or greater, in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for administration to the lungs.

2. The system of claim 1 wherein the microparticles further comprise a material selected from the group consisting of poly(hydroxy acids), polyanhydrides, polyesters, polyamides, polycarbonates, polyalkylenes, polyvinyl compounds, polysiloxanes, polymers of acrylic and methacrylic acids, polyurethanes and co-polymers thereof, celluloses, poly(butic acid), poly(valeric acid), poly(lactide-co-caprolactone), polysaccharides, proteins, copolymers and mixtures thereof.

3. The system of claim 2 wherein the material is a polyhydroxy acid.

4. The system of claim 1 wherein the therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic agent is selected from the group consisting of proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids, other synthetic organic pharmaceutical compounds, and combinations thereof.

5. The system of claim 4 wherein the agent is selected from the group consisting of insulin, calcitonin, felbamate, heparin, parathyroid hormone and fragments thereof, growth hormone, erythropoietin, AZT, DDI, G CSF, lamotrigine, chorionic gonadotropin releasing factor, luteinizing releasing hormone, vaccines, gene encoding adenosine deaminase, and Argatroban.

6. The system of claim 1 wherein the microparticles are a dry powder provided with an apparatus for administration of the microparticles to the lungs.

7. A method for delivery of particles to the pulmonary system comprising:

administering to a patient in need of treatment an effective amount of synthetic biodegradable microparticles which comprise a diketopiperazine and which have a diameter between 0.5 microns and ten microns, in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for administration to the lungs.

8. The method of claim 7 wherein the microparticles further comprise a material selected from the group consisting of poly(hydroxy acids), polyanhydrides, polyesters, polyamides, polycarbonates, polyalkylenes, polyvinyl compounds, polysiloxanes, polymers of acrylic and methacrylic acids, polyurethanes and co-polymers thereof, celluloses, poly(butic acid), poly(valeric acid), poly(lactide-co-caprolactone), polysaccharides, proteins, copolymers and mixtures thereof.

9. The method of claim 8 wherein the material is a polyhydroxy acid.

10. The method of claim 7 wherein the microparticles further comprise a therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent selected from the group consisting of proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, nucleic acids, other synthetic organic pharmaceutical compounds, and combinations thereof.

11. The method of claim 10 wherein the agent is selected from the group consisting of insulin, calcitonin, felbamate, heparin, parathyroid hormone and fragments thereof, growth hormone, erythropoietin, AZT, DDI, G CSF, lamotrigine, chorionic gonadotropin releasing factor, luteinizing releasing hormone, .beta.-galactosidase and Argatroban.

12. The method of claim 7 wherein the microparticles are a dry powder provided with an apparatus for administration of the microparticles to the lungs.

13. The system of claim 1 wherein the therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent is selected from the group consisting of vasoactive agents, neuroactive agents, hormones, anticoagulants, immunomodulating agents, cytotoxic agents, antibiotics, antivirals, antisense, antigens, and antibodies.

14. The method of claim 7 wherein the therapeutic, prophylactic, or diagnostic agent is selected from the group consisting of vasoactive agents, neuroactive agents, hormones, anticoagulants, immunomodulating agents, cytotoxic agents, antibiotics, antivirals, antisense, antigens, and antibodies.
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