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Claims for Patent: 5,948,818

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Claims for Patent: 5,948,818

Title: Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease using oral dosage forms of omega-3 polyunsaturated acids
Abstract:Inflammatory bowel disease, especially Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, is treated by administration of an oral dosage form, containing as an active principle an omega-3 polyunsaturated acid in free acid form or as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, which releases the acid in the ileum. Preferably the oral dosage form is a gelatine capsule coated with a poly(ethylacrylate-methylmethacrylate).
Inventor(s): Buser; Thomas (Ziefen, CH), Camporesi; Emilio P. (Ziefen, CH)
Assignee: Tillotts Pharma AG (Ziefen, CH)
Application Number:09/069,751
Patent Claims: 1. An oral dosage form comprising a coated capsule containing as an active principle an omega-3 polyunsaturated acid in free acid form or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, characterized in that the coating of the capsule is of a material which dissolves in a time but not pH dependent manner and is resistant to the release of the omega-3 polyunsaturated acid for a period of 30 to 60 minutes at pH 5.5 such that said omega-3 polyunsaturated acid is released in the small intestine.

2. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 1, wherein said acid is eicosapenta-5,8,11,14,17-enoic acid, docosahexa-4,7,10,13,16,19-enoic acid or a mixture thereof.

3. An oral dosage form a claimed in claim 1, wherein said acid is present as the sole active principle.

4. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 1, wherein said active principle is an omega-3 polyunsaturated acid in free acid form or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof except for a lithium salt thereof.

5. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the coating comprises iron oxide, titanium dioxide, and talc.

6. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 1, wherein the capsule is a hard or soft gelatin capsule.

7. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 2, wherein the eicosapenta-5,8,11,14,17-enoic acid, docosahexa-4,7,10,13,16,19-enoic acid or mixture thereof is present in an oil constituent in a percentage of at least 60% w/w.

8. An oral dosage form as claimed in claim 1 containing as an active principle a unit dose of 250 to 1,000 mg omega-3 polyunsaturated acid.

9. A method of treating inflammatory bowel disease or reducing clinical relapse thereof, which comprises administering to a patient an effective amount of an oral dosage form comprising a coated capsule containing as an active principle an omega-3 polyunsaturated acid in free acid form or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, characterized in that the coating of the capsule is of a material which dissolves in a time but not pH dependent manner and is resistant to the release of the omega-3 polyunsaturated acid for a period of 30 to 60 minutes at pH 5.5 such that said omega-3 polyunsaturated acid is released in the small intestine.

10. A method as claimed in claim 9, wherein the inflammatory bowel disease is Crohn's disease.

11. A method as claimed in claim 10, wherein patients are in clinical remission for less than 24 months prior to treatment.

12. A method as claimed in claim 9 which comprises administering a daily dosage of 20 to 50 mg/kg omega-3 polyunsaturated acid.

13. A method of treating inflammatory bowel disease or reducing clinical relapse thereof, which comprises administering to a patient an effective amount of an oral dosage form comprising a coated capsule containing as an active principle an omega-3 polyunsaturated acid in free acid form or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof except for a lithium salt thereof, characterized in that the coating of the capsule is of a material which dissolves in a time but not pH dependent manner and is resistant to the release of the omega-3 polyunsaturated acid for a period of 30 to 60 minutes at pH 5.5.
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