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Claims for Patent: 5,789,379

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Claims for Patent: 5,789,379

Title: Glucagon-like peptide-2 analogs
Abstract:Analogs of glucagon-like peptide 2, a product of glucagon gene expression, have been identified as intestinal tissue growth factors. Their formulation as pharmaceutical, and therapeutic use in treating disorders of the small bowel, are described.
Inventor(s): Drucker; Daniel J. (Toronto, CA), Crivici; Anna E. (Toronto, CA), Sumner-Smith; Martin (Bolton, CA)
Assignee: Allelix Biopharmaceutical Inc. (Mississauga, CA) 1149336 Ontario Inc. (Toronto, CA)
Application Number:08/669,791
Patent Claims: 1. A GLP-2 analog, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, which has intestinotrophic activity and which has the formula (SEO ID NO: 1):

R1-(Y1)m-X1-X2-X3-X4-Ser5-Phe6-Ser7-Asp8-(P1)-Leu14-Asp15-Asn16-Leu17-Ala18 -X19-X20-Asp21-Phe22-(P2)-Trp25-Leu26-Ile27-Gln28-Thr29-Lys30-(P3)-(Y2)n-R2

wherein:

X1 is His or Tyr

X2 is Ala or an Ala-replacement amino acid which confers on the analog or salt resistance to cleavage by human DPP-IV enzyme;

X3 is Asp or Glu;

X4 is Gly or Ala;

P1 is Glu-X10-Asn-Thr-Ile (SEQ ID NO. 3) or Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr (SEO ID NO. 4);

X10 is Met or an oxidatively stable Met-replacement amino acid;

X19 is Ala or Thr;

X20 is Arg, Lys, His or Ala;

P2 is Ile-Asn, Ile-Ala or Val-Gln;

P3 is a covalent bond, or is Ile, Ile-Thr or Ile-Thr-Asp;

R1 is H or an N-terminal blocking group;

R2 is OH or a C-terminal blocking group;

Y1 is one or two amino acids selected from the group consisting of Arg, Lys and His;

Y2 is one or two amino acids selected from the group consisting of Arg, Lys and His;

m and n, independently, are 0 or 1; and

wherein the analog or salt has at least one of the following:

a) X1 is Tyr;

b) X2 is an Ala-replacement amino acid which confers on the analog or salt resistance to cleavage by human DPP-IV enzyme;

c) X3 is Glu;

d) X4 is Ala;

e) P1 is Tyr-Ser-Lys-Tyr (SEO ID NO 4);

f) X10 is an oxidatively stable Met-replacement amino acid;

g) X20 is Ala;

h) P2 is Ile-Ala or Val-Gln; or

i) P3 is a covalent bond, Ile or Ile-Thr;

and the analog or salt is not a naturally occurring GLP-2 or salt thereof.

2. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 1, wherein the analog or salt has at least one amino acid substitution selected from the group consisting of:

a) X2 is an amino acid which confers on the analog or salt resistance to cleavage by human DPP-IV enzyme;

b) X10 is an oxidatively stable Met-replacement amino acid; and

c) X20 is His or Lys.

3. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 2, wherein X2 is an amino acid which confers on the analog or salt resistance to cleavaae by human DPP-IV enzyme.

4. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 3, wherein X2 is D-hPr, D-Pro, D-Ala, Gly, Val, Glu, Lys, Arg, Leu or Ile.

5. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 3, which has at least one of the following:

a) X1 is Tyr:

b) X3 is Glu;

c) X4 is Ala:

d) X10 is an oxidatively stable Met-replacement amino acid;

g) X20 is Ala;

h) P2 is Ile-Ala or Val-Gln.

6. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 2, wherein X10 is Val, Ile, Asn, Glu, Gln, Tyr, Phe, Leu, Nle, Ala, Ser or Gly.

7. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising a GLP-2 analog, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, according to claim 1 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

8. A method for promoting the growth of small bowel tissue in a patient in need thereof, comprising administering to the patient an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 7 to promote the growth of small bowel tissue.

9. A method for treating a gastrointestinal disease, comprising administering to a patient having the gastrointestinal disease an effective amount of a GLP-2 analog, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, according to claim 1 to promote the growth of small bowel tissue and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier to reduce a pathological effect or symptom of the gastrointestinal disease.

10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the gastrointestinal disease is selected from the group consisting of ulcers, digestion disorders, malabsorption syndromes, short-gut syndrome, cul-de-sac syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac sprue, tropical sprue, hypogammaglobulinemic sprue, enteritis, regional enteritis (Crohn's disease), small intestinal damage due to toxic or chemotherapeutic agents, and short bowel syndrome.

11. An analog of a human GLP-2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the analog or salt has at least one of the following:

a) in place of Ala.sup.2 or Asp.sup.3 is an amino acid which confers on the analog or salt resistance to cleavage by human DPP-IV enzyme;

b) in place of Met.sup.10 is an amino acid which is oxidatively stable; and

c) in place of Arg.sup.20 is an amino acid other than Arg.

12. The analog or salt according to claim 11, which has an amino acid substitution in place of Ala.sup.2, and wherein the substitution is D-hPr, D-Pro, D-Ala, Gly, Val, Glu, Lys, Arg, Leu or Ile.

13. The analog or salt according to claim 11, which has an amino acid substitution in place of Met.sup.10, wherein the substitution is Val, Ile, Asn, Glx, Tyr, Phe, Leu, Nle, Ala, Ser or Gly.

14. A pharmaceutical compositions comprising a GLP-2 analog, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, according to claim 11 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

15. A method for promoting the growth of small bowel tissue in a patient in need thereof, comprising administering to the patient an effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 14 to promote the growth of small bowel tissue.

16. A method for treating a gastrointestinal disease, comprising administering to a patient having the gastrointestinal disease an effective amount of a GLP-2 analog, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, according to claim 11 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier to reduce a pathological effect or symptom of the gastrointestinal disease.

17. The method according to claim 16, wherein the gastrointestinal disease is selected from the group consisting of ulcers, digestion disorders, malabsorption syndromes, short-gut syndrome, cul-de-sac syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac sprue, tropical sprue, hypogammaglobulinemic sprue, enteritis, regional enteritis (Crohn's disease), small intestinal damage due to toxic or chemotherapeutic agents, and short bowel syndrome.

18. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 1, selected from the group consisting of: [Tyr.sup.1 ]rat GLP-2; [Ala.sup.4 ]rat GLP-2 and [Val.sup.23 Gln.sup.24 ]human GLP-2.

19. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 12, wherein the analog or salt is selected from the group consisting of:

[Gly.sup.2 ]human GLP-2;

[D-Ala.sup.2 Thr.sup.19 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Thr.sup.19 ]human GLP-2;

[Ala.sup.1 Gly.sup.2 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.3 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.4 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.5 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.6 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.7 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.8 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.9 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.10 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.11 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.12 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.13 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.16 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.17 ]human GLP-2;

[Val.sup.2 Thr.sup.19 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.20 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.21 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.24 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.27 ]human GLP-2;

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.28 ]human GLP-2; and

[Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.31 ]human GLP-2.

20. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 13, wherein the analog or salt is selected from the group consisting of [Ser.sup.10 ]human GLP-2(1-33); [Nle.sup.10 ]human GLP-2(1-33); [Ala.sup.10 ]human GLP-2(1-33); [Leu.sup.10 ]rat GLP-2(1-33); [Gly.sup.2 Ala.sup.10 ]human GLP-2(1-33); and [Tyr.sup.9 Ser.sup.10 Lys.sup.11 Tyr.sup.12 (desIle.sup.13)]human GLP-2(1-33).

21. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 11, wherein the analog or salt is selected from the group consisting of [Pro.sup.3 ]human GLP-2; [D-hPr.sup.3 ]human GLP-2; [Glu.sup.3 Thr.sup.9 ]human GLP-2; and [Thr.sup.19 Lys.sup.20 ]human GLP-2.

22. The method according to any of claims 8-10 or 15-17, wherein the patient is a human.

23. The GLP-2 analog or salt according to claim 1, which has the amino acid sequence (SEQ ID NO. 4):

His-Gly-Asp-Gly-Ser-Phe-Ser-Asp-Glu-Met-Asn-Thr-Ile-Leu-Asp-Asn-Leu-Ala-Ala -Arg-Asp-Phe-Ile-Asn-Trp-Leu-Ile-Gln-Thr-Lys-Ile-Thr-Asp.
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