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Claims for Patent: 5,767,285

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Claims for Patent: 5,767,285

Title: Linkers useful for the synthesis of conjugates of methyltrithio antitumor agents
Abstract:This invention describes carrier-drug conjugates prepared from disulfide analogs of the calicheamicin family of potent antitumor antibiotics and their derivatives, as well as similar analogs from related antitumor antibiotics such as the esperamicins. The carrier can be an antibody, growth factor, or steroid which targets an undesired population of cells, such as those of a tumor. Whole protein carriers as well as their antigen-recognizing fragments and their chemically or genetically manipulated counterparts are useful for the targeting portion of the conjugates. This invention includes compounds required for the synthesis of these conjugates, appropriate pharmaceutical compositions of the carrier-drug conjugates, and their method of use.
Inventor(s): Hamann; Philip Ross (Garnerville, NY), Hinman; Lois (N. Tarrytown, NY), Hollander; Irwin (Monsey, NY), Holcomb; Ryan (Glen Rock, NJ), Hallett; William (New City, NY), Tsou; Hwei-Ru (New City, NY), Weiss; Martin J. (Ft. Lee, NJ)
Assignee: American Cyanamid Company (Madison, NJ)
Application Number:08/462,939
Patent Claims: 1. A compound of the formula:

wherein

Ar is a 1,2-, 1,8-, or 2,7-naphthylidene or ##STR15## each naphthylidene or phenothiazine optionally substituted with one, two, three, or four groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n is an integer from 0 to 5 and R' is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) chain optionally substituted by one or two groups of --OH, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) dialkylamino, or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) trialkylammonium--A.sup.- where A.sup.- is a pharmaceutically acceptable anion completing a salt;

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR16## Alk.sup.1 and Alk.sup.2 are independently a bond or branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain;

Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--, or --X--Ar'--Y--(CH.sub.2).sub.n --Z wherein X, Y, and Z are independently a bond, --NR'--, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when n=0, then at least one of Y and Z must be a bond, and Ar' is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is a bond, then Sp.sup.1 is a bond and with the proviso that when Ar is phenothiazine, Sp.sup.1 is a bond only connected to nitrogen and Alk.sup.1 is not a bond;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.2 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond;

Z.sup.1 is H, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, or phenyl optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined, with the proviso that when Ar is naphthylidene, Z.sup.1 is not hydrogen and with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond, and Alk.sup.2 is not a bond, then Z.sup.1 is not C.sub.1 alkyl.

2. A compound according to claim 1, wherein Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl and Sp.sup.2 and Alk.sup.2 are each a bond.

3. A compound according to claim 2, wherein Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, or --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N-- and Alk.sup.1 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain.

4. A compound according to claim 3, wherein

Ar is an unsubstituted 1,2-, 1,8-, or 2,7-naphthylidene or ##STR17##

5. A compound according to claim 4, wherein Z.sup.3 is hydroxy, ##STR18##

6. A compound of the formula:

wherein

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n is an integer from 0 to 5 and R' is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) chain optionally substituted by one or two groups of --OH, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) dialkylamino, or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) trialkylammonium--A.sup.- where A.sup.- is a pharmaceutically acceptable anion completing a salt;

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR19## Alk.sup.1 and Alk.sup.2 are, independently, a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain,

Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--, or --X--Ar'--Y--(CH.sub.2).sub.n --Z wherein X, Y, and Z are independently a bond, --NR'--, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when n=0, then at least one of Y and Z must be a bond, and Ar' is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that Sp.sup.1 and Sp.sup.2 are not both simultaneously a bond;

Z.sup.1 is phenyl optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined.

7. A compound according to claim 6, wherein Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, or --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--.

8. A compound according to claim 7, wherein Ar is unsubstituted 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene.

9. A compound according to claim 8, wherein Z.sup.1 is unsubstituted phenyl.

10. A compound according to claim 9, wherein Z.sup.3 is hydroxy, ##STR20##

11. A compound of the formula:

wherein

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene substituted with COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' and optionally substituted with one or two groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, or nitro, wherein n is an integer from 0 to 5 and R' is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C5) chain optionally substituted by one or two groups of --OH, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) dialkylamino, or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) trialkylammonium--A.sup.- where A.sup.- is a pharmaceutically acceptable anion completing a salt;

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR21## Alk.sup.1 and Alk.sup.2 are independently a bond or branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain;

Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--, or --X--Ar'--Y-- (CH.sub.2).sub.n --Z wherein X, Y, and Z are independently a bond, --NR'--, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when n=0, then at least one of Y and Z must be a bond, and Ar' is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is a bond, Sp.sup.1 is a bond wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined, with the proviso that when Ar is 1,3- or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one group of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy and Alk.sup.2 is a bond, then Sp.sup.1 is not a bond, --O-- or --NHCO--;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.2 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond;

Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

12. A compound according to claim 11, wherein Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are each a bond.

13. A compound according to claim 12, wherein Alk.sup.1 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 --C.sub.10) alkylene chain and Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--.

14. A compound according to claim 13, wherein Ar is unsubstituted 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene.

15. A compound according to claim 14, wherein Z.sup.1 is (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

16. A compound according to claim 15, wherein Z.sup.3 is hydroxy, ##STR22##

17. A compound of the formula:

wherein

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, or nitro;

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR23## Alk.sup.1 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain; Alk.sup.2 is a bond or branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain;

Sp.sup.1 is --CONH--;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.2 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond;

Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is C.sub.2, Alk.sup.2 is a bond, and Z.sup.1 is C.sub.1, then Ar has at least one substituent, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is C.sub.2, Z.sup.1 is H, Alk.sup.2 is a bond, and Ar is 1,4-phenylene then Ar has at least one substituent, and with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is C.sub.3, Z.sup.1 is C.sub.1, Alk.sup.2 is a bond, and Ar is 1,4-phenylene, then Ar has at least one substituent.

18. A compound according to claim 17, wherein Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are each a bond.

19. A compound according to claim 18, wherein Ar is unsubstituted 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene.

20. A compound according to claim 19, wherein Z.sup.1 is (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

21. A compound according to claim 20, wherein Z.sup.3 is hydroxy, ##STR24##

22. A compound of the formula:

wherein

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3- or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, or nitro;

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR25## Alk.sup.1 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain; Alk.sup.2 is a bond or a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain;

Sp.sup.1 is a --S--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--, or --X--Ar'--Y--(CH.sub.2).sub.n --Z wherein X, Y, and Z are independently a bond, --NR'--, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when n=0, then at least one of Y and Z must be a bond, and Ar' is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', wherein n and R' are as hereinbefore defined;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.2 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond;

Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

23. A compound according to claim 22, wherein Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are each a bond.

24. A compound according to claim 23, wherein Sp.sup.1 is a --S-- or --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--.

25. A compound according to claim 24, wherein Ar is unsubstituted 1,2-, 1,3- or 1,4-phenylene.

26. A compound according to claim 25, wherein Z.sup.1 is (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.
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