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Claims for Patent: 5,739,116

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Claims for Patent: 5,739,116

Title: Enediyne derivatives useful for the synthesis of conjugates of methyltrithio antitumor agents
Abstract:This invention describes carrier-drug conjugates prepared from disulfide analogs of the calicheamicin family of potent antitumor antibiotics and their derivatives, as well as similar analogs from related antitumor antibiotics such as the esperamicins. The carrier can be an antibody, growth factor, or steroid which targets an undesired population of cells, such as those of a tumor. Whole protein carriers as well as their antigen-recognizing fragments and their chemically or genetically manipulated counterparts are useful for the targeting portion of the conjugates. This invention includes compounds required for the synthesis of these conjugates, appropriate pharmaceutical compositions of the carrier-drug conjugates, and their method of use.
Inventor(s): Hamann; Philip Ross (Garnerville, NY), Hinman; Lois (Tarrytown, NY), Hollander; Irwin (Monsey, NY), Holcomb; Ryan (Glen Rock, NJ), Hallett; William (New City, NY), Tsou; Hwei-Ru (New City, NY), Weiss; Martin J. (Ft. Lee, NJ)
Assignee: American Cyanamid Company (Madison, NJ)
Application Number:08/461,284
Patent Claims: 1. A compound of the formula

wherein

Z.sup.3 is halogen, hydroxy, OM wherein M is a metal completing a salt, --N.sub.3, ##STR15## Alk.sup.1 and Alk.sup.2 are independently a bond or branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain;

Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, --NR'--, --N(CH.sub.2 CH.sub.2).sub.2 N--, or --X--Ar'--Y--(CH.sub.2).sub.n --Z wherein X, Y, and Z are independently a bond, --NR'--, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when n=0, then at least one of Y and Z must be a bond and Ar' is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is a bond, Sp.sup.1 is a bond;

n is an integer from 0 to 5;

R' is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) chain optionally substituted by one or two groups of --OH, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) dialkylamino, or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) trialkylammonium-A.sup.- where A.sup.- is a pharmaceutically acceptable anion completing a salt;

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined above or a 1,2-, 1,3-, 1,4-, 1,5-, 1,6-, 1,7-, 1,8-, 2,3-, 2,6-, or 2,7-naphthylidene or ##STR16## each naphthylidene or phenothiazine optionally substituted with one, two, three, or four groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined above, with the proviso that when Ar is naphthylidene, Z.sup.1 is not hydrogen and with the proviso that when Ar is phenothiazine, Sp.sup.1 is a bond only connected to nitrogen;

Sp.sup.2 is a bond, --S--, or --O--, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.2 is a bond, Sp.sup.2 is a bond;

Z.sup.1 is H, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, or phenyl optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined above;

Z.sup.2 is Q-Sp-S-S-W, wherein W is ##STR17## R.sub.5 is --CH.sub.3, --C.sub.2 H.sub.5, or --CH(CH.sub.3).sub.2 ; X is an iodine or bromine atom; R.sub.5 ' is a hydrogen or the group RCO, wherein R is hydrogen, branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkyl or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene group, a (C.sub.6 -C.sub.11) aryl group, a (C.sub.6 -C.sub.11) aryl-alkyl (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) group, or a heteroaryl or heteroaryl- alkyl (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) group wherein heteroaryl is 2- or 3-furyl, 2- or 3-thienyl, 2- or 3-(N-methylpyrrolyl), 2-, 3-, or 4-pyridyl, 2-, 4-, or 5-(N-methylimidizolyl), 2-, 4-, or 5-oxazolyl, 2-, 3-, 5-, or 6-pyrimidinyl, 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, or 8-quinolyl, or 1-, 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, 7-, or 8-isoquinolyl, all aryl and heteroaryl optionally substituted by one or more hydroxy, amino, carboxy, halo, nitro, lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3) alkoxy, or lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) thioalkoxy groups;

Sp is a straight or branched-chain divalent or trivalent (C.sub.1 -C.sub.18) radical, divalent or trivalent aryl or heteroaryl radical, divalent or trivalent (C.sub.3 -C.sub.18) cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl radical, divalent or trivalent aryl- or heteroaryl-alkyl (C.sub.1 -C.sub.18) radical, divalent or trivalent cycloalkyl- or heterocycloalkyl-alkyl (C.sub.1 -C.sub.18) radical or divalent or trivalent (C.sub.2 -C.sub.18) unsaturated alkyl radical, wherein heteroaryl is furyl, thienyl, N-methylpyrrolyl, pyridinyl, N-methylimidazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrimidinyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, N-methylcarbazoyl, aminocoumarinyl, or phenazinyl and wherein when Sp is a trivalent radical, Sp may be additionally substituted by lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) dialkylamino, lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, hydroxy, or lower (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkylthio groups;

Q is .dbd.NHNCO--, .dbd.NHNCS--, .dbd.NHNCONH--, .dbd.NHNCSNH--, or .dbd.NO--.

2. A compound according to claim 1 wherein

Z.sup.3 is hydroxy, ##STR18##

3. A compound according to claim 2 wherein

Alk.sup.2 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain and

Z.sup.1 is phenyl optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined in claim 1.

4. A compound according to claim 3 wherein

Alk.sup.2 is a branched or unbranched (C.sub.1 -C.sub.10) alkylene chain and

Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

5. A compound according to claim 4 wherein

Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are together a bond and

Z.sup.1 is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

6. A compound according to claim 5 wherein

Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are together a bond and

Z.sup.1 is phenyl optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined in claim 1.

7. A compound according to claim 3, claim 4, claim 5, or claim 6 wherein

Sp.sup.1 is a bond, --S--, --O--, --CONH--, --NHCO--, or --NR' wherein R' is as hereinbefore defined-, with the proviso that when Alk.sup.1 is a bond, Sp.sup.1 is a bond.

8. A compound according to claim 7 wherein

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6)alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined in claim 1 or a 1,2-, 1,3-, 1,4-, 1,5-, 1,6-, 1,7-, 1,8-, 2,3-, 2,6-, or 2,7-naphthylidene each optionally substituted with one, two, three, or four groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', or S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined in claim 1.

9. A compound according to claim 8 wherein

Z.sup.2 is Q-Sp-S-S-W, wherein W is ##STR19## R.sub.5, X, R.sub.5 ', R, and Sp are as defined in claim 1; and Q is .dbd.NHNCO--.

10. A compound according to claim 9 wherein Alk.sup.2 and Sp.sup.2 are together a bond,

Ar is 1,2-, 1,3-, or 1,4-phenylene optionally substituted with one, two, or three groups of (C.sub.1 -C.sub.6) alkyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkoxy, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4) thioalkoxy, halogen, nitro, or COOR', CONHR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n COOR', O(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR', S(CH.sub.2).sub.n CONHR' wherein n and R' are as defined in claim 1, and

Z.sup.I is H or (C.sub.1 -C.sub.5) alkyl.

11. A compound according to claim 10 wherein

Sp.sup.1 is --O--,

Alk.sup.1 is C.sub.4 alkyl,

Ar is 1,4-phenylene, and

Z.sup.1 is C.sub.1 alkyl.

12. A compound according to claim 11 wherein

Z.sup.2 is calicheamicin gamma dimethyl hydrazide or calicheamicin N-acetyl gamma dimethyl hydrazide.
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