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Claims for Patent: 5,693,762

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Claims for Patent: 5,693,762

Title: Humanized immunoglobulins
Abstract:Novel methods for producing, and compositions of, humanized immunoglobulins having one or more complementarity determining regions (CDR's) and possible additional amino acids from a donor immunoglobulin and a framework region from an accepting human immunoglobulin are provided. Each humanized immunoglobulin chain will usually comprise, in addition to the CDR's, amino acids from the donor immunoglobulin framework that are, e.g., capable of interacting with the CDR's to effect binding affinity, such as one or more amino acids which are immediately adjacent to a CDR in the donor immunoglobulin or those within about about 3 .ANG. as predicted by molecular modeling. The heavy and light chains may each be designed by using any one or all of various position criteria. When combined into an intact antibody, the humanized immunoglobulins of the present invention will be substantially non-immunogenic in humans and retain substantially the same affinity as the donor immunoglobulin to the antigen, such as a protein or other compound containing an epitope.
Inventor(s): Queen; Cary L. (Los Altos, CA), Co; Man Sung (Cupertino, CA), Schneider; William P. (Mountain View, CA), Landolfi; Nicholas F. (Milpitas, CA), Coelingh; Kathleen L. (San Francisco, CA), Selick; Harold E. (Belmont, CA)
Assignee: Protein Design Labs, Inc. (Mountain View, CA)
Application Number:08/487,200
Patent Claims: 1. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from human acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chain frameworks, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least 10.sup.7 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein the sequence of the humanized immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region framework is at least 65% identical to the sequence of the donor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region framework and comprises at least 70 amino acid residues identical to an acceptor human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region amino acid sequence.

2. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1 which is an antibody comprising two light chain/heavy chain dimers.

3. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1 which specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity of at least 10.sup.8 M.sup.-1.

4. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1 which is an IgG.sub.1 isotype.

5. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 1, wherein the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chain frameworks are from the same human antibody.

6. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 5, wherein said human antibody is the Eu human antibody.

7. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chain frameworks, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant of at least about 10.sup.8 M.sup.-1 and no greater than about four-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein the sequence of the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region framework is a consensus sequence of human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region frameworks.

8. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 7 which is an antibody comprising two light chain/heavy chain dimers.

9. A humanized immunoglobulin according to claim 7 which specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity of 10.sup.8 M.sup.-1 to 10.sup.9 M.sup.-1.

10. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a humanized immunoglobulin of any one of claims 1-9 in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

11. The humanized immunoglobulin of claim 1, wherein the humanized immunoglobulin light chain variable region framework is at least 65% identical to the sequence of the donor immunoglobulin light chain variable region framework and comprises at least 70 amino acid residues identical to an acceptor human immunoglobulin light chain variable region amino acid sequence.

12. The humanized immunoglobulin of claim 1 or 7, wherein the affinity constant is no greater than about two-fold that of the donor immunoglobulin.

13. A method of producing the humanized immunoglobulin of claim 1 or 7, comprising:

introducing DNA segments encoding the humanized immunoglobulin heavy and light chains into a cell; and

expressing the DNA segments in the cell to produce the humanized immunoglobulin.

14. A method of producing a humanized immunoglobulin, comprising the steps of:

(1) comparing the sequence of a donor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region against a collection of sequences of human heavy chain variable regions;

(2) selecting a human heavy chain variable region from the collection of human heavy chain variable regions to provide an acceptor heavy chain variable region, wherein the selected variable region framework is at least 65% identical to the donor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region framework;

(3) synthesizing a DNA segment encoding a humanized heavy chain variable region, comprising CDRs from the donor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region and a variable region framework from the selected acceptor heavy chain variable region;

(4) introducing the DNA segment encoding the humanized immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region and a DNA segment encoding a humanized immunoglobulin light chain variable region into a cell; and

(5) expressing the DNA segments in the cell to produce the humanized immunoglobulin.

15. The method of claim 14, further comprising sequencing the donor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region.

16. A method of producing a humanized immunoglobulin, comprising the steps of:

(1) comparing the sequence of a donor immunoglobulin light chain variable region against a collection of sequences of human light chain variable regions;

(2) selecting a human light chain variable region from the collection of human light chain variable regions to provide an acceptor light chain variable region, wherein the selected variable region framework is at least 65% identical to the donor immunoglobulin light chain variable region framework;

(3) synthesizing a DNA segment encoding a humanized light chain variable region, comprising CDRs from the donor immunoglobulin light chain variable region and a variable region framework from the selected acceptor light chain variable region;

(4) introducing the DNA segment encoding the humanized immunoglobulin light chain variable region and a DNA segment encoding a humanized immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region into a cell; and

(5) expressing the DNA segments in the cell to produce the humanized immunoglobulin.

17. The method of claim 16, further comprising sequencing the donor immunoglobulin light chain variable region.

18. The method of any one of claims 13-17 further comprising purifying the humanized immunoglobulin.

19. The method of claim 10, further comprising formulating the purified humanized immunoglobulin in a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

20. A humanized immunoglobulin having complementarity determining regions (CDRs) from a donor immunoglobulin and heavy and light chain variable region frameworks from acceptor immunoglobulin heavy and light chain frameworks, which humanized immunoglobulin specifically binds to an antigen with an affinity constant within about four-fold of that of the donor immunoglobulin, wherein the sequence of the acceptor immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region framework is a consensus sequence of human immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region frameworks.
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