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Claims for Patent: 5,656,295

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Claims for Patent: 5,656,295

Title: Controlled release oxycodone compositions
Abstract:A method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in approximately 90% of patients is disclosed whereby an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation having from about 10 to about 40 mg of oxycodone or a salt thereof is administered to a patient. The formulation provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 60 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated "q12h" (i.e., every 12 hour) administration through steady-state conditions. Another embodiment is directed to a method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in substantially all patients by administering an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation comprising up to about 160 mg of oxycodone or a salt thereof, such that a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone up to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of up to about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration up to about 120 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated "q12h" (i.e., every 12 hour) administration through steady-state conditions are achieved. Controlled release oxycodone formulations for achieving the above are also disclosed.
Inventor(s): Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Chasin; Mark (Manalpan, NJ), Minogue; John Joseph (Mount Vernon, NY), Kaiko; Robert Francis (Weston, CT)
Assignee: Euro-Celtique, S.A. (Luxembourg, LU)
Application Number:08/618,344
Patent Claims: 1. A controlled release oxycodone formulation for oral administration to human patients, comprising from about 10 mg to about 160 mg oxycodone, based on the hydrochloride salt, said formulation providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration and a mean minimum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 3 to about 120 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after administration every 12 hours after repeated dosing through steady state conditions, wherein said formulation provides pain relief in said patient for at least 12 hours after administration.

2. The controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, comprising from about 10 to about 40 mg oxycodone based on the hydrochloride salt, said formulation providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 60 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration.

3. The controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, comprising from about 40 mg to about 160 mg oxycodone based on the hydrochloride salt, said formulation providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 60 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration.

4. The solid controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, comprising

oxycodone hydrochloride dispersed in an effective amount of a controlled release matrix selected from the group consisting of hydrophilic polymers, hydrophobic polymers, digestible substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbons having from about 8 to about 50 carbon atoms, polyalkylene glycols, and mixtures of any of the foregoing, and a suitable amount of a suitable pharmaceutical diluent.

5. The solid controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, comprising:

(a) an analgesically effective amount of spheroids comprising oxycodone or a salt thereof and either a spheronising agent or an acrylic polymer or copolymer, such that the total dosage of oxycodone in said dosage form is from about 10 to about 160 mg based on the hydrochloride salt; and

(b) a film coating on said spheroids which controls the release of the oxycodone or oxycodone salt at a controlled rate in an aqueous medium, wherein said composition provides an in vitro dissolution rate of the dosage form.

6. The controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, comprising a tablet wherein said oxycodone is dispersed in a controlled release matrix.

7. The controlled release oxycodone formulation of claim 1, wherein said oxycodone is in the form of the hydrochloride salt.

8. A method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in human patients, comprising administering to a human patient an oral controlled release dosage formulation comprising from about 10 to about 160 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof based on the hydrochloride salt which provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone form about 6 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration and a mean minimum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 3 to about 120 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after administration every 12 hours after repeated dosing through steady state conditions, wherein said formulation provides pain relief in said patient for at least 12 hours after administration.

9. A method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in substantially all human patients, comprising administering to a human patient an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation comprising from about 10 mg to about 40 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof based on the hydrochloride salt which provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 60 ng/ml from a mean of up to about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration and a mean minimum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after administration every 12 hours after repeated dosing through steady state conditions, wherein said formulation provides pain relief in said patient for at least 12 hours after administration.

10. A method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in substantially all human patients, comprising administering to a human patient an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation comprising from about 40 mg to about 160 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof based on the hydrochloride salt which provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 60 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of up to about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration and a mean minimum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 30 to about 120 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after administration after repeated dosing every 12 hours through steady state conditions, wherein said formulation provides pain relief in said patient for at least 12 hours after administration.
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