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Claims for Patent: 5,549,912

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Claims for Patent: 5,549,912

Title: Controlled release oxycodone compositions
Abstract:A method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in approximately 90% of patients is disclosed whereby an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation having from about 10 to about 40 mg of oxycodone or a salt thereof is administered to a patient. The formulation provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 60 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated "q12h" (i.e., every 12 hour) administration through steady-state conditions. Another embodiment is directed to a method for substantially reducing the range in daily dosages required to control pain in substantially all patients by administering an oral solid controlled release dosage formulation comprising up to about 160 mg of oxycodone or a salt thereof, such that a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone up to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of up to about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration up to about 120 ng/ml from about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated "q12h" (i.e., every 12 hour) administration through steady-state conditions are achieved. Controlled release oxycodone formulations for achieving the above are also disclosed.
Inventor(s): Oshlack; Benjamin (New York, NY), Chasin; Mark (Manalpan, NJ), Minogue; John J. (Mount Vernon, NY), Kaiko; Robert F. (Weston, CT)
Assignee: Euro-Celtique, S.A. (Luxembourg, LU)
Application Number:08/081,302
Patent Claims: 1. A controlled release oxycodone formulation for oral administration to human patients, comprising from about 10 to about 40 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof, said formulation providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 60 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from a mean of about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated administration every 12 hours through steady-state conditions.

2. A controlled release oxycodone formulation for oral administration to human patients, comprising from about 10 mg to about 160 mg oxycodone or a salt thereof, said formulation providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 120 ng/ml from a mean of about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated administration every 12 hours through steady-state conditions.

3. A solid controlled release oral dosage form, comprising

(a) oxycodone or a salt thereof in an amount from about 10 to about 160 mg;

(b) an effective amount of a controlled release matrix selected from the group consisting of hydrophilic polymers, hydrophobic polymers, digestible substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbons having from about 8 to about 50 carbon atoms, polyalkylene glycols, and mixtures of any of the foregoing; and

(c) a suitable amount of a suitable pharmaceutical diluent, wherein said composition provides a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 120 ng/ml from a mean of about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated administration every 12 hours through steady-state conditions.

4. The controlled release composition of claim 3, wherein said controlled release matrix comprises an acrylic resin.

5. A solid controlled release oral dosage form, comprising

(a) an analgesically effective amount of spheroids comprising oxycodone or a salt thereof and either a spheronising agent or an acrylic polymer or copolymer, such that the total dosage of oxycodone in said dosage form is from about 10 to about 160 mg;

(b) a film coating which controls the release of the oxycodone or oxycodone salt at a controlled rate in an aqueous medium, wherein said composition provides an in vitro dissolution rate of the dosage form;

said composition providing a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 240 ng/ml from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from a mean of about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated administration every 12 hours through steady-state conditions.

6. The controlled release composition of claim 5, wherein said film coating comprises a water insoluble material selected from the group consisting of shellac or zein, a water insoluble cellulose, or a polymethacrylate.

7. A controlled release tablet for oral administration comprising from about 10 to about 160 mg oxycodone or an oxycodone salt dispersed in a controlled release matrix, said tablet providing an in-vitro dissolution of the dosage form, when measured by the USP Paddle Method at 100 rpm at 900 ml aqueous buffer (pH between 1.6 and 7.2) at 37.degree. C., between 12.5% and 42.5% (by wt) oxycodone released after 1 hour, between 25% and 55% (by wt) oxycodone released after 2 hours, between 45% and 75% (by wt) oxycodone released after 4 hours and between 55% and 85% (by wt) oxycodone released after 6 hours, the in vitro release rate being substantially independent of pH and chosen such that a mean maximum plasma concentration of oxycodone from about 6 to about 240 ng/ml is obtained in vivo from a mean of about 2 to about 4.5 hours after administration of the dosage form, and a mean minimum plasma concentration from about 3 to about 30 ng/ml from a mean of about 10 to about 14 hours after repeated administration every 12 hours through steady-state conditions.

8. A dosage form according to claim 7, wherein the in vitro dissolution rate is between 17.5% and 38% (by wt) oxycodone released after 1 hour, between 30% and 50% (by wt) oxycodone released after 2 hours, between 50% and 70% (by wt) oxycodone released after 4 hours and between 60% and 80% (by wt) oxycodone released after 6 hours.

9. A dosage form according to claim 7, wherein the in vitro dissolution rate is between 17.5% and 32.5% (by wt) oxycodone released after 1 hour, between 35% and 45% (by wt) oxycodone released after 2 hours, between 55% and 65% (by wt) oxycodone released after 4 hours and between 65% and 75% (by wt) oxycodone released after 6 hours.
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