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Summary for Patent: 9,931,417
|Title:||Antibody-SN-38 immunoconjugates with a CL2A linker|
|Abstract:||The present invention concerns improved methods and compositions for preparing SN-38 conjugates of proteins or peptides, preferably immunoconjugates of antibodies or antigen-binding antibody fragments. More preferably, the SN-38 is attached to the antibody or antibody fragment using a CL2A linker, with 1-12, more preferably 6-8, alternatively 1-5 SN-38 moieties per antibody or antibody fragment. Most preferably, the immunoconjugate is prepared in large scale batches, with various modifications to the reaction scheme disclosed herein to optimize yield and recovery in large scale. Other embodiments concern optimized dosages and/or schedules of administration of immunoconjugate to maximize efficacy for disease treatment and minimize side effects of administration.|
|Inventor(s):||Govindan; Serengulam V. (Summit, NJ), Gale; Jonathan B. (West Townsend, MA), Holman; Nicholas J. (Leominster, MA), Goldenberg; David M. (Mendham, NJ)|
|Assignee:||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)|
|Patent Claims:||1. A method to produce a compound, CL2A-SN-38, of the structure, ##STR00005## comprising performing a reaction scheme as shown: ##STR00006## wherein the reaction scheme is
performed in the absence of triphenylphosphine; further comprising: (i) using a 1.1-fold molar excess of tetrabutylammonium fluoride to remove a silyl protecting group and convert intermediate 6 to intermediate 7; and (ii) performing three washes of an
organic extract comprising intermediate 6 with 0.05 M sodium acetate buffer, pH 5.3.
2. The method of claim 1, further comprising performing two washes of an organic extract comprising intermediate 7 with 0.25 M sodium citrate buffer, pH 6.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein organic extracts comprising intermediate 7 or intermediate 8 are not washed with water.
4. The method of claim 1, further comprising purifying intermediate 7 by step elution from a silica gel column with a mixture of dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol.
5. The method of claim 1, further comprising forming a biphasic mixture comprising: a) copper sulfate and sodium ascorbate in water; and b) intermediate 7, intermediate 8 and 2,6-collidine in dichloromethane.
6. The method of claim 5, further comprising stirring the biphasic mixture overnight at room temperature.
7. The method of claim 1, further comprising purifying intermediate 9 by EDTA washing and chromatography.
8. The method of claim 1, further comprising concentrating intermediate 9 to a solid for storage, prior to removing a silyl group from intermediate 9 to form CL2A-SN-38.
9. The method of claim 8, further comprising (i) forming a solution of solid intermediate 9; and (ii) reacting intermediate 9 in solution with dichloroacetic acid and anisole to form CL2A-SN-38.
10. The method of claim 9, further comprising precipitating the CL2A-SN-38 by dropwise addition of tent-butyl methyl ether (t-BME).
11. The method of claim 1, further comprising reacting a maleimide moiety of CL2A-SN38 with a protein or peptide to make an SN38-conjugated protein or peptide.
12. The method of claim 11, wherein the maleimide moiety reacts with a reduced sulfhydryl on the protein or peptide.
13. The method of claim 11, wherein the protein or peptide is an antibody or an antigen-binding antibody fragment and the SN-38 conjugated antibody or antibody fragment is an immunoconjugate.
14. The method of claim 13, further comprising purifying the immunoconjugate by tangential flow filtration (TFF).
15. The method of claim 14, wherein the TFF is performed with a 50,000 dalton molecular weight cut-off membrane using 25- to 30-diafiltration volumes of buffer.
16. The method of claim 13, further comprising formulating the immunoconjugate in Good's biological buffer at a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, and lyophilizing the immunoconjugate for storage.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the Good's biological buffer is selected from the group consisting of 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid (MES), 3-(N-morpholino) propanesulfonic acid (MOPS), 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-1-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES), and 1,4-piperazinediethanesulfonic acid (PIPES), in the pH range of 6-7, preferably in the pH range of 6.5 to 7, and at a buffer concentration of 10-100 mM, preferably 25 mM.
18. The method of claim 17, wherein the buffer is 25 mM MES buffer, pH 6.5.
19. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody is a bispecific antibody or a monoclonal antibody.
20. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody fragment is selected from the group consisting of F(ab').sub.2, F(ab).sub.2, Fab', Fab, Fv, scFv, single domain antibody and half-molecule of IgG4 antibody.
21. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody or antibody fragment is attached to between 1 and 12 copies of CL2A-SN38.
22. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody or antibody fragment is attached to between 6 and 8 copies of CL2A-SN38.
23. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody or antibody fragment is attached to between 1 and 5 copies of CL2A-SN38.
24. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody is an anti-cancer antibody, an anti-infectious disease antibody, or an anti-autoimmune disease antibody.
25. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody is selected from the group consisting of LL1 (anti-CD74), LL2 (anti-CD22), RFB4 (anti-CD22), RS7 (anti-EGP-1), PAM4 (anti-MUC5AC), KC4 (anti-mucin), A19 (anti-CD19), A20 (anti-CD20), MN-14 (anti-CEACAM5), MN-15 (anti-CEACAM6), MN-3 (anti-CEACAM6), R1 (anti-IGF-1R), Mu-9 (anti-CSAp), Immu 31 (anti-AFP), CC49 (anti-TAG-72), J591 (anti-PSMA), HuJ591 (anti-PSMA), AB-PG1-XG1-026 (anti-PSMA dimer), D2/B (anti-PSMA), G250 (anti-carbonic anhydrase IX) and hL243 (anti-HLA-DR).
26. The method of claim 13, wherein the antibody or antibody fragment binds to an antigen selected from the group consisting of carbonic anhydrase IX, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), .alpha.-actinin-4, ART-4, B7, Ba 733, BAGE, BrE3-antigen, CA125, CAMEL, CAP-1, CASP-8/m, CCL19, CCL21, CD1, CD1a, CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD8, CD11A, CD14, CD15, CD16, CD18, CD19, CD20, CD21, CD22, CD23, CD25, CD29, CD30, CD32b, CD33, CD37, CD38, CD40, CD40L, CD44, CD45, CD46, CD52, CD54, CD55, CD59, CD64, CD66a-e, CD67, CD70, CD70L, CD74, CD79a, CD80, CD83, CD95, CD126, CD132, CD133, CD138, CD147, CD154, CDC27, CDK-4/m, CDKN2A, CTLA-4, CXCR4, CXCR7, CXCL12, HIF-1.alpha., colon-specific antigen-p (CSAp), CEACAM5, CEACAM6, c-Met, DAM, EGFR, EGFRvIII, EGP-1 (TROP-2), EGP-2, ELF2-M, Ep-CAM, fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Flt-1, Flt-3, folate receptor, G250 antigen, GAGE, gp100, GRO-.beta., H2B, H3, H4, HLA-DR, HM1.24, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), HER2/neu, HMGB-1, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1), HSP70-2M, HST-2, Ia, IGF-1R, IFN-.gamma., IFN-.alpha., IFN-.beta., IFN-.lamda., IL-4R, IL-6R, IL-13R, IL-15R, IL-17R, IL-18R, IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, IL-25, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), KS1-4, Le-Y, LDR/FUT, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), MAGE, MAGE-3, MART-1, MART-2, NY-ESO-1, TRAG-3, mCRP, MCP-1, MIP-1A, MIP-1B, MIF, MUC1, MUC2, MUC3, MUC4, MUC5ac, MUC13, MUC16, MUM-1/2, MUM-3, NCA66, NCA95, NCA90, PD-1, PD-L1, PD-1 receptor, placental growth factor, p53, PLAGL2, prostatic acid phosphatase, PSA, PRAME, PSMA, P1GF, ILGF, ILGF-1R, IL-6, IL-25, RS5, RANTES, T101, SAGE, S100, survivin, survivin-2B, TAC, TAG-72, tenascin, TRAIL receptors, TNF-.alpha., Tn antigen, Thomson-Friedenreich antigen, tumor necrosis antigens, VEGFR, ED-B fibronectin, WT-1 , 17-1A-antigen, complement factors C3, C3a, C3b, C5a, C5, bcl-2, bcl-6, Kras, and an oncogene product.
|Applicant||Tradename||Biologic Ingredient||Dosage Form||BLA||Number||Approval Date||Patent No.||Assignee||Estimated Patent Expiration||Status||Orphan||Source|
|Ferring||CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN||gonadotropin, chorionic||INJECTABLE;INJECTION||017016||004||1975-06-26||Start Trial||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)||2032-12-13||RX||search|
|Ferring||CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN||gonadotropin, chorionic||INJECTABLE;INJECTION||017016||006||1975-06-26||Start Trial||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)||2032-12-13||RX||search|
|Ferring||CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN||gonadotropin, chorionic||INJECTABLE;INJECTION||017016||007||1975-06-26||Start Trial||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)||2032-12-13||RX||search|
|Ferring||CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN||gonadotropin, chorionic||INJECTABLE;INJECTION||017016||009||1975-06-26||Start Trial||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)||2032-12-13||RX||search|
|Ferring||CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN||gonadotropin, chorionic||INJECTABLE;INJECTION||017016||010||1975-06-26||Start Trial||Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)||2032-12-13||RX||search|
|>Applicant||>Tradename||>Biologic Ingredient||>Dosage Form||>BLA||>Number||>Approval Date||>Patent No.||>Assignee||>Estimated Patent Expiration||>Status||>Orphan||>Source|
|Country||Patent Number||Estimated Expiration|
|United States of America||6183744||Start Trial|
|United States of America||6306393||Start Trial|
|United States of America||6761680||Start Trial|
|United States of America||6786858||Start Trial|
|United States of America||6820318||Start Trial|
|>Country||>Patent Number||>Estimated Expiration|
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