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Last Updated: November 30, 2021

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Claims for Patent: 9,717,779

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Summary for Patent: 9,717,779
Title:Implantable matrix having optimum ligand concentrations
Abstract: Implantable matrices and methods are provided. The matrices are configured to fit at or near a target tissue site, the matrices comprise biodegradable materials and ligands bound to the matrices and are configured to bind receptors and allow influx of cells into the implantable matrices, wherein the ratio of ligands to receptors is from about 1.5 to about 0.5.
Inventor(s): King; Vanja Margareta (Memphis, TN)
Assignee: Warsaw Orthopedic, Inc. (Warsaw, IN)
Application Number:13/017,759
Patent Claims:1. An implantable matrix configured to fit at or near a target tissue site, the matrix comprising: a biodegradable material and a ligand in a Tris buffer bound to the matrix and configured to bind to a receptor and allow influx of cells into the matrix, wherein the ligand is uniformly disposed throughout the matrix in an amount of 0.4 mg/ml to 10.0 mg/ml so that the ratio of ligand to receptor is from about 0.5 to about 1.5, and the matrix releases the ligand at a rate of 0.2 ng/ml/hour to 20 ng/ml/hour; wherein the ligand is bone morphogenetic protein-2; wherein the matrix is porous, and at least 50% of the pores have a pore size between 10 .mu.m and 500 .mu.m; wherein the matrix has a density of 1.6 g/cm.sup.3 to 0.05 g/cm.sup.3, and the matrix resists compression by 95% or more in one or all directions when a force is applied to the matrix; wherein the matrix comprises elongated particles; and wherein the matrix further comprises a metalloprotease that reduces degradation of the ligand.

2. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the matrix is configured to allow the ligand to remain in or on the surface of the matrix, and the ligand is released from the matrix at a rate of 0.2 ng/ml/hour to 20 ng/ml/hour.

3. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the metalloprotease reduces the degradation of the ligand by about 70%; wherein the ligand is in an amount of 1.0 mg/ml to 2.0 mg/ml; and wherein the matrix further comprises an excipient comprising trehalose.

4. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the matrix allows influx of at least progenitor cells, bone cells and/or cartilage cells therein, and wherein the metalloprotease comprises MMP-1 (collagenase-1).

5. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the receptor is disposed in progenitor cells, bone cells and/or cartilage cells.

6. An implantable matrix according to claim 5, wherein the biodegradable material comprises collagen.

7. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the biodegradable material comprises poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), polylactide (PLA), polyglycolide (PGA), D-lactide, D,L-lactide, L-lactide, D,L-lactide-co-.epsilon.-caprolactone, D,L-lactide-co-glycolide-co-.epsilon.-caprolactone, resorbable ceramic, bone, collagen, hyaluronic acid, glycine, glutamic acid, or a combination thereof.

8. An implantable matrix according to claim 7, wherein the resorbable ceramic comprises tricalcium phosphate and hydroxyapatite in a ratio of about 80:20 to about 90:10.

9. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the matrix further comprises a film-forming agent.

10. An implantable matrix according to claim 1, wherein the matrix is seeded with mesenchymal stem cells.

11. A method of making an implantable matrix configured to fit at or near a target tissue site, the method comprising: providing a matrix having elongated particles; applying a ligand in a Tris buffer to bind the ligand to the matrix, wherein the ligand is configured to bind to a receptor and allow influx of cells into the matrix; and applying a metalloprotease that reduces degradation of the ligand to the matrix; wherein the ligand is applied to the matrix uniformly throughout the matrix in an amount of 0.4 mg/ml to 10.0 mg/ml so that the ratio of ligand to receptor is from about 0.5 to about 1.5, and the matrix releases the ligand at a rate of 0.2 ng/ml/hour to 20 ng/ml/hour; wherein the ligand is bone morphogenetic protein-2; wherein the matrix is porous, and at least 50% of the pores have a pore size between 10 .mu.m and 500 .mu.m; and wherein the matrix has a density of 1.6 g/cm.sup.3 to 0.05 g/cm.sup.3, and the matrix resists compression by 95% or more in one or all directions when a force is applied to the matrix.

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