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Generated: August 21, 2019

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Claims for Patent: 9,694,088

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Summary for Patent: 9,694,088
Title:Pro-drug form (P2PDox) of the highly potent 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin conjugated to antibodies for targeted therapy of cancer
Abstract: Disclosed are methods, compositions and uses of conjugates of prodrug forms of 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (P2PDox) with antibodies or antigen-binding fragments thereof (ADCs), with targetable construct peptides or with other targeting molecules that are capable of delivering the P2PDox to a targeted cell, tissue or pathogen. Once delivered to the target cell, the ADC or peptide conjugate is internalized, a highly toxic 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (2-PDox) is released intracellularly. The P2PDox-peptide or ADC conjugates are of use to treat a wide variety of diseases, such as cancer, autoimmune disease or infectious disease.
Inventor(s): Govindan; Serengulam V. (Summit, NJ), McBride; William J. (Boonton, NJ), Sathyanarayan; Nalini (Edison, NJ), Mazza-Ferreira; Christine (Park Ridge, NJ), Goldenberg; David M. (Mendham, NJ)
Assignee: Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ)
Application Number:15/270,542
Patent Claims:1. A method of treating cancer comprising administering to a subject with cancer a chimeric, humanized or human antibody or antigen-binding antibody fragment that binds to a tumor-associated antigen (TAA), wherein the antibody or antigen-binding antibody fragment is conjugated to pro-2-pyrrolinodoxorubicin (P2PDox), wherein the antibody comprises human constant regions selected from the group consisting of IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the TAA is selected from the group consisting of CTLA4, PD1, PD-L1, carbonic anhydrase IX, CCL19, CCL21, CSAp, CD1, CD1a, CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD8, CD11A, CD14, CD15, CD16, CD18, CD19, IGF-1R, CD20, CD21, CD22, CD23, CD25, CD29, CD30, CD32b, CD33, CD37, CD38, CD40, CD40L, CD45, CD46, CD47, CD52, CD54, CD55, CD59, CD64, CD66a-e, CD67, CD70, CD70L, CD74, CD79a, CD80, CD83, CD95, CD126, CD133, CD138, CD147, CD154, AFP, PSMA, CEACAM5, CEACAM-6, c-MET, B7, ED-B of fibronectin, Factor H, FHL-1, Flt-3, folate receptor, GRO-.beta., histone H2B, histone H3, histone H4, HMGB-1, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), HM1.24, insulin-like growth factor-1 (ILGF-1), IFN-.gamma., IFN-.alpha., IFN-.beta., IL-2, IL-4R, IL-6R, IL-13R, IL-15R, IL-17R, IL-18R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, IL-25, IP-10, LIV-1, MAGE, mCRP, MCP-1, MIP-1A, MIP-1B, MIF, MUC1, MUC2, MUC3, MUC4, MUC5, MUC5ac, MUC16, PAM4 antigen, NCA-95, NCA-90, Ia, HM1.24, EGP-1 (TROP-2), EGP-2, HLA-DR, tenascin, Le(y), RANTES, T101, TAC, Tn antigen, Thomson-Friedenreich antigens, tumor necrosis antigens, TNF-.alpha., TRAIL receptor (R1 and R2), VEGFR, EGFR, P1GF, complement factors C3, C3a, C3b, C5a, C5, and an oncogene product.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof is selected from the group consisting of hR1 (anti-IGF-1R), hPAM4 (anti-MUC5ac), hA20 (anti-CD20), GA101 (anti-CD20), hA19 (anti-CD19), hIMMU-31 (anti-AFP), hLL1 (anti-CD74), hLL2 (anti-CD22), hRFB4 (anti-CD22), hMu-9 (anti-CSAp), hL243 (anti-HLA-DR), hL243 IgG4P (anti-HLA-DR), hMN-14 (anti-CEACAM5), hMN-15 (anti-CEACAM6), hRS7 (anti-EGP-1), hMN-3 (anti-CEACAM6), Ab124 (anti-CXCR4) and Ab125 (anti-CXCR4).

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody fragment is selected from the group consisting of F(ab').sub.2, F(ab).sub.2, Fab, Fab' and scFv fragments.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody has a non-G1m1 (nG1m1) allotype.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody has a G1m3 heavy chain allotype.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody has a nG1m1,2 heavy chain null allotype.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody has a Km3 light chain allotype.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises heavy chain constant region amino acid residues arginine-214, glutamic acid-356, methionine-358 and alanine-431.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the P2PDox is attached to the antibody or antigen-binding fragment thereof by a cross-linker selected from the group consisting of SMCC hydrazide, aminoxy, phenylhydrazide and 4-(hydrazinosulfonyl)benzoic acid.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the P2PDox comprises a maleimide moiety and is attached to the peptide by reaction of the maleimide with a cysteine residue.

12. The method of claim 1, further comprising administering at least one therapeutic agent to said individual.

13. The method of claim 12, wherein the therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of a drug, a prodrug, a toxin, an enzyme, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, a sphingosine inhibitor, an immunomodulator, a cytokine, a hormone, a second antibody, a second antibody fragment, an immunoconjugate, a radionuclide, an antisense oligonucleotide, an RNAi, an anti-angiogenic agent, a pro-apoptosis agent and a cytotoxic agent.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of 5-fluorouracil, afatinib, aplidin, azaribine, anastrozole, anthracyclines, axitinib, AVL-101, AVL-291, bendamustine, bleomycin, bortezomib, bosutinib, bryostatin-1, busulfan, calicheamycin, camptothecin, carboplatin, 10-hydroxycamptothecin, carmustine, celebrex, chlorambucil, cisplatin (CDDP), Cox-2 inhibitors, irinotecan (CPT-11), SN-38, carboplatin, cladribine, camptothecans, crizotinib, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dacarbazine, dasatinib, dinaciclib, docetaxel, dactinomycin, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, 2-pyrrolinodoxorubicine (2P-DOX), cyano-morpholino doxorubicin, doxorubicin glucuronide, epirubicin glucuronide, erlotinib, estramustine, epidophyllotoxin, erlotinib, entinostat, estrogen receptor binding agents, etoposide (VP16), etoposide glucuronide, etoposide phosphate, exemestane, fingolimod, floxuridine (FUdR), 3',5'-O-dioleoyl-FudR (FUdR-dO), fludarabine, flutamide, farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitors, flavopiridol, fostamatinib, ganetespib, GDC-0834, GS-1101, gefitinib, gemcitabine, hydroxyurea, ibrutinib, idarubicin, idelalisib, ifosfamide, imatinib, L-asparaginase, lapatinib, lenolidamide, leucovorin, LFM-A13, lomustine, mechlorethamine, melphalan, mercaptopurine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, mitoxantrone, mithramycin, mitomycin, mitotane, navelbine, neratinib, nilotinib, nitrosurea, olaparib, plicomycin, procarbazine, paclitaxel, PCI-32765, pentostatin, PSI-341, raloxifene, semustine, sorafenib, streptozocin, SU11248, sunitinib, tamoxifen, temazolomide (an aqueous form of DTIC), transplatinum, thalidomide, thioguanine, thiotepa, teniposide, topotecan, uracil mustard, vatalanib, vinorelbine, vinblastine, vincristine, vinca alkaloids and ZD1839.

15. The method of claim 13, wherein the toxin is attached to an antibody or antigen-binding antibody fragment and is selected from the group consisting of ricin, abrin, alpha toxin, saporin, ribonuclease (RNase), e.g., onconase, DNase I, Staphylococcal enterotoxin-A, pokeweed antiviral protein, gelonin, diphtheria toxin, Pseudomonas exotoxin, and Pseudomonas endotoxin.

16. The method of claim 13, wherein the radionuclide is attached to an antibody or antigen-binding antibody fragment and is selected from the group consisting of .sup.111In, .sup.111At, .sup.177Lu, .sup.211Bi, .sup.212Bi, .sup.213Bi, .sup.211At, .sup.62Cu, .sup.67Cu, .sup.90Y, .sup.125I, .sup.131I, .sup.133I, .sup.32P, .sup.33P, .sup.47Sc, .sup.111Ag, .sup.67Ga, .sup.153Sm, .sup.161Tb, .sup.152Dy, .sup.166Dy, .sup.161Ho, .sup.166Ho, .sup.186Re, .sup.188Re, .sup.189Re, .sup.211Pb, .sup.212Pb, .sup.223Ra, .sup.225Ac, .sup.77As, .sup.89Sr, .sup.99Mo, .sup.105Rh, .sup.149Pm, .sup.169Er, .sup.194Ir, .sup.58Co, .sup.80mBr, .sup.99mTc, .sup.103mRh, .sup.109Pt, .sup.119Sb, .sup.189mOs, .sup.192Ir, .sup.219Rn, .sup.215Po, .sup.221Fr, .sup.255Fm, .sup.11C, .sup.13N, .sup.15O, .sup.75Br, .sup.198Au, .sup.199Au, .sup.224Ac, .sup.77Br, .sup.113mIn, .sup.95Ru, .sup.97Ru, .sup.103Ru, .sup.105Ru, .sup.107Hg, .sup.203Hg, .sup.121mTe, .sup.122mTe, .sup.125mTe, .sup.227Th, .sup.165Tm, .sup.167Tm, .sup.168Tm, .sup.197Pt, .sup.109Pd, .sup.142Pr, .sup.143Pr, .sup.161Tb, .sup.57Co, .sup.58Co, .sup.51Cr, .sup.59Fe, .sup.75Se, .sup.201Tl, .sup.76Br and .sup.169Yb.

17. The method of claim 13, wherein the immunomodulator is selected from the group consisting of a cytokine, a chemokine, a stem cell growth factor, a lymphotoxin, an hematopoietic factor, a colony stimulating factor (CSF), an interferon, erythropoietin, thrombopoietin, a tumor necrosis factor (TNF), an interleukin (IL), granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and a stem cell growth factor designated "S1 factor".

18. The method of claim 13, wherein the cytokine is selected from the group consisting of human growth hormone, N-methionyl human growth hormone, bovine growth hormone, parathyroid hormone, thyroxine, insulin, proinsulin, relaxin, prorelaxin, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), hepatic growth factor, prostaglandin, fibroblast growth factor, prolactin, placental lactogen, OB protein, tumor necrosis factor-.alpha., tumor necrosis factor-.beta., mullerian-inhibiting substance, mouse gonadotropin-associated peptide, inhibin, activin, vascular endothelial growth factor, integrin, thrombopoietin (TPO), NGF-.beta., platelet-growth factor, TGF-.alpha., TGF-.beta., insulin-like growth factor-I, insulin-like growth factor-II, erythropoietin (EPO), osteoinductive factors, interferon-.alpha., interferon-.beta., interferon-.gamma., macrophage-CSF (M-CSF), IL-1, IL-1.alpha., IL-2, IL-3, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, IL-11, IL-12, IL-13, IL-14, IL-15, IL-16, IL-17, IL-18, IL-21, IL-25, LIF, FLT-3, angiostatin, thrombospondin, endostatin, tumor necrosis factor and lymphotoxin.

19. The method of claim 13, wherein the chemokine is selected from the group consisting of RANTES, MCAF, MIP1-alpha, MIP1-beta and IP-10.

20. The method of claim 13, wherein the second antibody binds to an antigen selected from the group consisting of CTLA4, PD1, PD-L1, carbonic anhydrase IX, CCL19, CCL21, CSAp, CD1, CD1a, CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD8, CD11A, CD14, CD15, CD16, CD18, CD19, IGF-1R, CD20, CD21, CD22, CD23, CD25, CD29, CD30, CD32b, CD33, CD37, CD38, CD40, CD40L, CD45, CD46, CD47, CD52, CD54, CD55, CD59, CD64, CD66a-e, CD67, CD70, CD7OL, CD74, CD79a, CD80, CD83, CD95, CD126, CD133, CD138, CD147, CD154, AFP, PSMA, CEACAM5, CEACAM-6, c-MET, B7, ED-B of fibronectin, Factor H, FHL-1, Flt-3, folate receptor, GRO-.beta., histone H2B, histone H3, histone H4, HMGB-1, hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), HM1.24, insulin-like growth factor-1 (ILGF-1), IFN-.gamma., IFN-.alpha., IFN-.beta., IL-2, IL-4R, IL-6R, IL-13R, IL-15R, IL-17R, IL-18R, IL-6, IL-8, IL-12, IL-15, IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, IL-25, IP-10, LIV-1, MAGE, mCRP, MCP-1, MIP-1A, MIP-1B, MIF, MUC1, MUC2, MUC3, MUC4, MUC5, MUC5a-c, MUC16, PAM4 antigen, NCA-95, NCA-90, Ia, HM1.24, EGP-1 (TROP-2), EGP-2, HLA-DR, tenascin, Le(y), RANTES, T101, TAC, Tn antigen, Thomson-Friedenreich antigens, tumor necrosis antigens, TNF-.alpha., TRAIL receptor (R1 and R2), VEGFR, EGFR, P1GF, complement factors C3, C3a, C3b, C5a, C5, and an oncogene product.

21. The method of claim 13, wherein the second antibody is a checkpoint inhibitor antibody.

22. The method of claim 21, wherein the checkpoint inhibitor antibody is selected from the group consisting of lambrolizumab, nivolumab, pidilizumab, MDX-1105, MEDI4736, MPDL3280A, BMS-936559, ipilimumab and tremelimumab.

23. The method of claim 1, wherein the cancer is a solid tumor or a hematopoietic cancer.

24. The method of claim 1, wherein the cancer is selected from the group consisting of B-cell lymphoma, B-cell leukemia, Hodgkin's disease, T-cell leukemia, T-cell lymphoma, myeloma, sarcoma, colon cancer, stomach cancer, esophageal cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, kidney cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, urinary bladder cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, cervical cancer, testicular cancer, prostate cancer, liver cancer, skin cancer, bone cancer, brain cancer, rectal cancer, and melanoma.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein the B-cell leukemia or B-cell lymphoma is selected from the group consisting of indolent forms of B-cell lymphoma, aggressive forms of B-cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, acute lymphocytic leukemia, hairy cell leukemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, diffuse B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

Details for Patent 9,694,088

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Number Approval Date Patent No. Assignee Estimated Patent Expiration Status Orphan Source
Merck ELSPAR asparaginase VIAL 101063 001 1978-01-10   Try a Free Trial Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ) 2033-02-07 RX search
Bristol Myers Squibb YERVOY ipilimumab INJECTABLE; INJECTION 125377 001 2011-03-25   Try a Free Trial Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ) 2033-02-07 RX search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 001 2015-01-23   Try a Free Trial Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ) 2033-02-07 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 002 2015-01-23   Try a Free Trial Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ) 2033-02-07 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 003 2015-01-23   Try a Free Trial Immunomedics, Inc. (Morris Plains, NJ) 2033-02-07 RX Orphan search
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Number >Approval Date >Patent No. >Assignee >Estimated Patent Expiration >Status >Orphan >Source

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