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Last Updated: January 29, 2022

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Claims for Patent: 9,566,277

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Summary for Patent: 9,566,277
Title:Methods of using phthalazinone ketone derivatives
Abstract: A phthalazinone ketone derivative as represented by formula (I), a preparation method thereof, a pharmaceutical composition containing the derivative, a use thereof as a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, and a cancer treatment method thereof are described. ##STR00001##
Inventor(s): Tang; Peng Cho (Shanghai, CN), Li; Xin (Shanghai, CN), Li; Xiangqin (Shanghai, CN), Chen; Yang (Shanghai, CN), Wang; Bin (Shanghai, CN), Zhu; Zhe (Shanghai, CN)
Assignee: Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (Lianyungang, Jiangsu, CN)
Application Number:15/016,986
Patent Claims:1. A method for inhibiting poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or excipients, and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: ##STR00072## wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl or heteroaryl, wherein the aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, a halogen, alkyl, cyano and alkoxyl, wherein the alkyl or alkoxyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of a halogen, hydroxyl, alkyl and alkoxyl; D, E, and G are each independently selected from the group consisting of a nitrogen atom and C(R.sup.8); R.sup.5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; alternatively, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are taken together with the attached N atom to form a heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl contains one or more N, O or S(O).sub.m heteroatoms, and the heterocyclyl is optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.8 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, benzyl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --(CH.sub.2).sub.nNR.sup.6R.sup.7, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7, wherein the alkyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl or benzyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, oxo, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; m is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2; and n is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl.

3. The method according to claim 1, wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen or halogen.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein G is C(R.sup.8) and R.sup.8 is trifluoromethyl.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the compound of formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of: ##STR00073## ##STR00074## ##STR00075## ##STR00076## ##STR00077## ##STR00078## ##STR00079## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

6. A method for treating a cancer in a subject in need thereof, wherein the cancer is selected from the group consisting of breast cancer, ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer, rectal cancer, and colon cancer, the method comprising administering to the subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or excipients, and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: ##STR00080## wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl or heteroaryl, wherein the aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, a halogen, alkyl, cyano and alkoxyl, wherein the alkyl or alkoxyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of a halogen, hydroxyl, alkyl and alkoxyl; D, E, and G are each independently selected from the group consisting of a nitrogen atom and C(R.sup.8); R.sup.5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; alternatively, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are taken together with the attached N atom to form a heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl contains one or more N, O or S(O).sub.m heteroatoms, and the heterocyclyl is optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.8 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, benzyl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --(CH.sub.2).sub.nNR.sup.6R.sup.7, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7, wherein the alkyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl or benzyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, oxo, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; m is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2; and n is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2.

7. The method according to claim 6 further comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a drug selected from the group consisting of Temozolomide, Adriamycin, Taxol, Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Dacarbazine, Topotecan, Irinotecan, Gemcitabine and Bevacizumab.

8. The method according to claim 6, wherein the cancer is breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, or colon cancer.

9. The method according to claim 6, wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl.

10. The method according to claim 6, wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen or halogen.

11. The method according to claim 6, wherein G is C(R.sup.8) and R.sup.8 is trifluoromethyl.

12. The method according to claim 6, wherein the compound of formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of: ##STR00081## ##STR00082## ##STR00083## ##STR00084## ##STR00085## ##STR00086## ##STR00087## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

13. A method for treating breast cancer or colon cancer in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a pharmaceutical composition comprising one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or excipients, and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof: ##STR00088## wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl or heteroaryl, wherein the aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; R.sup.1, R.sup.2, R.sup.3 and R.sup.4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, a halogen, alkyl, cyano and alkoxyl, wherein the alkyl or alkoxyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of a halogen, hydroxyl, alkyl and alkoxyl; D, E, and G are each independently selected from the group consisting of a nitrogen atom and C(R.sup.8); R.sup.5 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl and heteroaryl, wherein the alkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl or heteroaryl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; alternatively, R.sup.6 and R.sup.7 are taken together with the attached N atom to form a heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl contains one or more N, O or S(O).sub.m heteroatoms, and the heterocyclyl is optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, carboxyl and alkoxycarbonyl; R.sup.8 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, benzyl, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2)--C(O)OR.sup.5, --(CH.sub.2).sub.nNR.sup.6R.sup.7, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7, wherein the alkyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl or benzyl is each independently and optionally substituted with one or more groups selected from the group consisting of an alkyl, halogen, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, aryl, heteroaryl, oxo, --C(O)OR.sup.5, --OC(O)R.sup.5, --O(CH.sub.2).sub.nC(O)OR.sup.5, --C(O)R.sup.5, --NHC(O)R.sup.5, --NR.sup.6R.sup.7, --OC(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7 and --C(O)NR.sup.6R.sup.7; m is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2; and n is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1 and 2.

14. The method according to claim 13 further comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a drug selected from the group consisting of Temozolomide, Adriamycin, Taxol, Cisplatin, Carboplatin, Dacarbazine, Topotecan, Irinotecan, Gemcitabine and Bevacizumab.

15. The method according to claim 13, wherein A and B are taken together with the attached carbon atoms to form an aryl.

16. The method according to claim 13, wherein R.sup.1 is hydrogen or halogen.

17. The method according to claim 13, wherein G is C(R.sup.8) and R.sup.8 is trifluoromethyl.

18. The method according to claim 13, wherein the compound of formula (I) is selected from the group consisting of: ##STR00089## ##STR00090## ##STR00091## ##STR00092## ##STR00093## ##STR00094## ##STR00095## or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

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