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Last Updated: August 14, 2020

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Claims for Patent: 9,205,046

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Summary for Patent: 9,205,046
Title:Enhanced stability of inverse thermal gelling composite hydrogels
Abstract: The present invention relates to a composite hydrogel comprising a blend of an aqueous solution of an anionic polysaccharide or a derivative thereof, such as hyaluronan (also commonly referred to as hyaluronic acid) or a derivative thereof and an aqueous solution of methylcellulose or another water soluble cellulose derivative thereof, having dispersed polymeric particles, such as polymeric hydrophobic particles therein selected from micro particles and nanoparticles, and wherein the stability of the hydrogel is enhanced relative to the stability of the hydrogel alone. The polymeric particles may contain at least one therapeutic agent, in which case each therapeutic agent exhibits a linear sustained release rate that can be tuned or altered by selecting the appropriate polymer formulation of the micro particles and/or nanoparticles. The composite may be injectable, and in the absence of a therapeutic agent may be used as a bulking agent for reconstructive and cosmetic surgery or may act as a platform for subsequent delivery of therapeutic agents.
Inventor(s): Shoichet; Molly S. (Toronto, CA), Baumann; M. Douglas (St. Catharines, CA), Kang; Catherine Elizabeth (Chicago, IL)
Assignee: The Governing Council of the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, CA)
Application Number:12/778,879
Patent Claims:1. A hydrogel composite comprising: a hydrogel comprising a blend of a solution containing dissolved methylcellulose and a hyaluronan wherein the hyaluronan and the methylcellulose are present in a weight ratio of hyaluronan to methylcellulose in an amount of about 2:3; and dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles selected from microparticles, being a particle size of 1 micron to 30 microns and nanoparticles being a particle size of from 10 nm to 1000 nm, wherein some or all of which hydrophobic polymeric microparticles and nanoparticles encapsulate at least one therapeutic agent and wherein the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles interact with the hydrogel through hydrophobic interactions between the hydrogel and the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles to alter the release of the at least one therapeutic agent, and wherein the stability of the hydrogel composite with the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles is enhanced relative to the stability of the hydrogel alone, and each of the at least one therapeutic agent has a sustained release profile that extends for about 28 days or more.

2. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein release of the at least one therapeutic agent is not dependent on gel formulation.

3. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein the hydrophobic polymer particles are selected from degradable and non-degradable hydrophobic polymers chosen from the group consisting of: aliphatic polyesters; polydioxanones; polyhydroxyalkanoate; polyanhydrides; aliphatic-aromatic polyesters; aliphatic polyamides; amide ester copolymers; urethane ester copolymers; urethane amide copolymers and urea ester copolymers; polyacrylates; ethylene-vinyl acetates; acyl substituted cellulose acetates; non-degradable polyurethanes; polystyrenes; polyvinyl chlorides; polyvinyl fluorides; poly(vinyl imidazoles); chlorosulphonate polyolefins; polyethylene oxides; starches; and blends or copolymers thereof; and wherein the hydrogel comprises a blend of a solution containing dissolved methylcellulose and a solution containing dissolved hyaluronan.

4. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles comprise a particle load of from about 1 to about 20 wt %, based on the composite.

5. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles are selected from particle sizes of form about 50 nm to about 40 .mu.m; and wherein the at least one therapeutic agent has a sustained, substantially liner release profile that extends for about 28 days or more.

6. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein the therapeutic agent is encapsulated in the dispersed hydrophobic polymeric particles in an amount in the range of from about 0.1 to about 30 wt % of particle mass; wherein the hydrogel comprises a blend of a solution containing dissolved methylcellulose and a solution containing dissolved hyaluronan; and wherein the at least one therapeutic agent has a sustained, substantially linear release profile that extends for about 28 days or more.

7. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1, wherein the aqueous solution is an aqueous solution selected from the group comprising water, saline, artificial cerebrospinal fluid, and buffered solutions; wherein the hydrogel comprises a blend of a solution containing dissolved methylcellulose and a solution containing dissolved hyaluronan; and wherein the at least one therapeutic agent has a sustained, substantially linear release profile that extends for about 28 days or more.

8. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1 having an altered chemical functionality by the addition of at least one functional group to the hyaluronan or the methylcellulose selected from non-ionic polymers selected from the group consisting of carboxymethylcellulose sodium, hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, and mixtures thereof, the functional group being selected from the group consisting of carboxylic acid, primary amine, aldehyde, hydrazide, maleimide, thiol, furan, alkyne, azide, alkene, urethane, and primary alcohol.

9. The hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1 wherein the therapeutic agent is selected from the group comprising: anaesthetics for use in caudal, epidural, inhalation, injectable, retrobulbar, and spinal applications; analgesics, selected from the group comprising: acetaminophen, ibuprofen, fluriprofen, ketoprofen, voltaren, phenacetin and salicylamide; anti-inflammatories selected from the group comprising: naproxen and indomethacin; antihistamines, selected from the group comprising: chlorpheniramine maleate, phenindamine tartrate, pyrilamine maleate, doxylamine succinate, henyltoloxamine citrate, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, promethazine, brompheniramine maleate, dexbrompheniramine maleate, clemastine fumarate and triprolidine; antitussives selected from the group comprising: dextromethorphan hydrobromide and guaifenesin; expectorants; decongestants, selected from the group comprising: phenylephrine hydrochloride, phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, and ephedrine; antibiotics selected from the group comprising: amebicides, broad and medium spectrum, fungal medications, monobactams and viral agents; bronchodilators selected from the group comprising: theophylline, albuterol and terbutaline; cardiovascular preparations selected from the group comprising: diltiazem, propranolol, nifedepine, clonidine, alpha adrenoceptor agonists, alpha receptor blocking agents, alpha and beta receptor blocking agents, antiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, beta blocking agents, calcium channel blockers, and cardiac glycosides; central nervous system drugs selected from the group comprising: thioridazine, diazepam, meclizine, ergoloid mesylates, chlorpromazine, carbidopa and levodopa; metal salts selected from the group comprising: potassium chloride and lithium carbonate; minerals selected from the group consisting of iron, chromium, molybdenum and potassium; immunomodulators; immunosuppressives selected from the group comprising: minocycline, cyclosporine A; thyroid preparations selected from the group comprising: synthetic thyroid hormone, and thyroxine sodium; peptide and glycoprotein hormones and analogues selected from the group comprising: human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG), corticotrophin, human growth hormone (HGH-Somatotrophin) and erythropoietin (EPO); steroids and hormones selected from the group comprising: ACTH, anabolics, androgen and estrogen combinations, androgens, corticoids and analgesics, estrogens, glucocorticoid, gonadotropin, gonadotropin releasing, hypocalcemic, menotropins, parathyroid, progesterone, progestogen, progestogen and estrogen combinations, somatostatin-like compounds, urofollitropin, vasopressin, methyl prednisolone, GM1 ganglioside, cAMP; and others; vitamins selected from the group comprising: water-soluble vitamins and veterinary formulations; growth factors selected from the group comprising: EGF, FGF2 and neurotrophin; peptides, peptide mimetics and other protein preparations; DNA; and, small interfering RNAs; with or without a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or preservative; and wherein the hydrogel composite has an altered rate of degradation by cross-linking the hyaluronan or by increasing the hydrophobicity of the hyaluronan.

10. A method for manufacturing a hydrogel composite as claimed in claim 1 which comprises the steps of 1) providing an aqueous solution of dissolved methylcellulose; 2) mixing hyaluronan into the aqueous solution, wherein the hyaluronan and the methylcellulose are present in a weight ratio of hyaluronan to methylcellulose in an amount of about 2:3; and 3) dispersing hydrophobic polymeric particles being a particle size of 1 micron to 30 microns and nanoparticles being in a particle size of from 10 nm to 1000 nm into the aqueous solution to form a stable hydrogel composite that has enhanced stability relative to a hydrogel without the dispersed hydrophobic polymer particles.

11. A method for promoting angiogenesis in a subject with spinal cord injury comprising delivering directly into a intrathecal or sub-dural space of said subject, a hydrogel composite of claim 1, to promote endothelial cell proliferation and blood vessel formation; wherein the therapeutic agent promotes angiogenesis.

12. The method as claimed in claim 11, comprising delivering directly into an intrathecal space of said subject, a hydrogel composite of claim 1, wherein the at least one therapeutic agent is selected from the group consisting of FGF2, FGF1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), platelet derived growth factor (PDGF), angiopoietins 1, and angiopoietin 2.

13. The hydrogel composite of claim 1, wherein the at least one therapeutic agent has a sustained, substantially linear release profile that extends for about 28 days or more.

Details for Patent 9,205,046

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Number Approval Date Patent No. Assignee Estimated Patent Expiration Status Orphan Source
Ferring BRAVELLE urofollitropin INJECTABLE;INTRAMUSCULAR, SUBCUTANEOUS 021289 001 2002-05-06   Start Trial The Governing Council of the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, CA) 2025-04-25 DISCN search
Ferring BRAVELLE urofollitropin INJECTABLE; SUBCUTANEOUS 021484 001 2002-12-19   Start Trial The Governing Council of the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, CA) 2025-04-25 RX search
Ferring MENOPUR menotropins (fsh;lh) INJECTABLE;SUBCUTANEOUS 021663 001 2006-03-20   Start Trial The Governing Council of the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, CA) 2025-04-25 RX search
Ferring Pharmaceuticals Inc. MENOPUR menotropins KIT 021663 1 2004-10-29   Start Trial The Governing Council of the University of Toronto (Toronto, Ontario, CA) 2025-04-25 search
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Number >Approval Date >Patent No. >Assignee >Estimated Patent Expiration >Status >Orphan >Source

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