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Last Updated: April 6, 2020

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Claims for Patent: 7,731,990

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Summary for Patent: 7,731,990
Title:Powdery composition for nasal administration
Abstract: A powdery composition for nasal administration, where (1) the composition contains (i) a drug, (ii) a water-absorbing and gel-forming base material such as hydroxypropyl cellulose or hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose and (iii) a water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material such as crystalline cellulose or .alpha.-cellulose, (2) wherein the amount of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-40 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material and the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material, and (3) wherein the drug is unevenly dispersed more on/in the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material than on/in the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material.
Inventor(s): Dohi; Masahiko (Hino, JP), Nishibe; Yoshihisa (Hino, JP), Makino; Yuji (Tokyo, JP), Fujii; Tako (Hino, JP)
Assignee: Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP)
Application Number:10/860,058
Patent Claims:1. A powdery composition for nasal administration comprising (i) a drug, (ii) one or more of a water-absorbing and gel-forming base material selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and (iii) one or more of a water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material selected from the group consisting of crystalline cellulose, .alpha.-cellulose, cross-linked sodium carboxy-methyl cellulose, cross-linked starch, chitin and chitosan, wherein the content of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-40 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, 70 wt % or more based on the drug is dispersed on or in the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and on or in the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and water-absorbing and gel-forming base material comprise particles, wherein the drug is dispersed more on or in the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material than in a state in which the drug is adhered to the both base materials according to their compounding ratio, and wherein the powdery composition is obtained by a method comprising mechanically mixing the drug with the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material to obtain a resultant mixture, in which at least 90 wt % based on the water-absorbing and water-insoluble particles have an average particle diameter in the range of 10-350 pm, using a universal mixer, a ribbon mixer, an automatic mortar, a ball mill, a high-speed mixer or a powerful automatic mixer, and subsequently, mechanically mixing the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, in which at least 90 wt % based on the water-absorbing and gel-forming particles have an average particle diameter in the range of 10-350 .mu.m, with the resultant mixture.

2. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 1, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of non-peptide/non-proteinaceous drugs and peptide/proteinaceous drugs having molecular weight of 30,000 or less.

3. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 2, wherein the non-peptide/non-proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of anti-inflammatory steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesic anti-inflammatory agents, antitussive expectorants, antihistaminic agents, antiallergic drugs, antiemetic drugs, hypnotics, vitamin preparations, sex steroid hormones, antineoplastic drugs, antiarrhythmic drugs, antihypertensive drugs, antianxiety drugs, psychotropic drugs, antiulcer drugs, cardiotonics, analgesics, bronchodilators, treating agents for obesity, antithrombotic drugs, antidiabetic drugs, muscle relaxants and anti-rheumatics.

4. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 2, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormones, growth hormone-releasing factors, somatostatins, vasopressins, oxytocins, hirudins, enkephalins, adrenocorticotropic hormones, bradykinins, calcitonins, insulins, glucagons, growth hormones, growth hormone-releasing hormones, luteinizing hormones, insulin-like growth factors, calcitonin, gene-related peptides, atrial natriuretic polypeptides, interferons, erythropoietin, granulocyte, colony forming-stimulating factor, macrophage forming-stimulating factor, parathyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone-releasing hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone and angiotensins.

5. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 1, wherein the drug is a peptide/proteinaceous drug having a molecular weight of 500-1500, and the amount of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-30 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material.

6. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 5, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of vasopressins, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormones, growth hormone-releasing factors, somatostatins, oxytocins, hirudins, enkephalins, adrenocorticotropic hormones and bradykinins.

7. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 1, wherein the drug is a peptide/proteinaceous drug having a molecular weight of 1500-30,000 and the amount of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-20 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material.

8. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 7, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of calcitonins, insulins, glucagons, growth hormones, growth hormone-releasing hormones, luteinizing hormones, insulin-like growth factors, calcitonin gene-related peptides, atrial natriuretic polypeptides, interferons, erythropoietin, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, macrophage-stimulating factor, parathyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone-releasing hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone and angiotensins.

9. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 1, wherein the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material is crystalline cellulose.

10. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 1, wherein the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is hydroxypropyl cellulose.

11. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 10, wherein the hydroxypropyl cellulose has a viscosity of 150-4000 cps in 2% aqueous solution.

12. A powdery composition for nasal administration comprising (i) a drug, (ii) one or more of a water-absorbing and gel-forming base material selected from the group consisting of hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose, methyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose and (iii) one or more of a water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material selected from the group consisting of crystalline cellulose, .alpha.-cellulose, cross-linked sodium carboxy-methyl cellulose, cross-linked starch, chitin and chitosan, wherein the content of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-40 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, 70 wt % or more based on the drug is dispersed on or in the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and on or in the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and water-absorbing and gel-forming base material comprise particles, wherein the drug is dispersed more on or in the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material than in a state in which the drug is adhered to the both base materials according to their compounding ratio, and wherein the powdery composition is obtained by a method comprising dissolving or dispersing the drug and the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material in an organic solvent to obtain a resultant solution or dispersion, and subsequently evaporating the resultant solution or dispersion to obtain a powder, further pulverizing and sieving the powder to obtain a resultant powder comprising water-absorbing and water-insoluble particles, wherein at least 90 wt % based on the water absorbing and water-insoluble particles have an average particle diameter in the range of 10-350 pm, and mechanically mixing the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material, in which at least 90 wt % based on the water-absorbing and gel-forming particles have an average particle diameter in the range of 10-350 .mu.m, with the resultant powder.

13. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 12, wherein the drug is selected from the group consisting of non-peptide/non-proteinaceous drugs and peptide/proteinaceous drugs having molecular weight of 30,000 or less.

14. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 13, wherein the non-peptide/non-proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of anti-inflammatory steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesic anti-inflammatory agents, antitussive expectorants, antihistaminic agents, antiallergic drugs, antiemetic drugs, hypnotics, vitamin preparations, sex steroid hormones, antineoplastic drugs, antiarrhythmic drugs, antihypertensive drugs, antianxiety drugs, psychotropic drugs, antiulcer drugs, cardiotonics, analgesics, bronchodilators, treating agents for obesity, antithrombotic drugs, antidiabetic drugs, muscle relaxants and anti-rheumatics.

15. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 13, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormones, growth hormone-releasing factors, somatostatins, vasopressins, oxytocins, hirudins, enkephalins, adrenocorticotropic hormones, bradykinins, calcitonins, insulins, glucagons, growth hormones, growth hormone-releasing hormones, luteinizing hormones, insulin-like growth factors, calcitonin gene-related peptides, atrial natriuretic polypeptides, interferons, erythropoietin, granulocyte colony forming-stimulating factor, macrophage forming-stimulating factor, parathyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone-releasing hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone and angiotensins.

16. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 12, wherein the drug is a peptide/proteinaceous drug having a molecular weight of 500-1500, and the amount of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-30 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material.

17. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 16, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of vasopressins, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormones, growth hormone-releasing factors, somatostatins, oxytocins, hirudins, enkephalins, adrenocorticotropic hormones and bradykinins.

18. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 12, wherein the drug is a peptide/proteinaceous drug having a molecular weight of 1500-30,000 and the amount of the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is about 5-20 wt % based on the total of the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material and the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material.

19. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 18, wherein the peptide/proteinaceous drug is one or more drugs selected from the group consisting of calcitonins, insulins, glucagons, growth hormones, growth hormone-releasing hormones, luteinizing hormones, insulin-like growth factors, calcitonin gene-related peptides, atrial natriuretic polypeptides, interferons, erythropoietin, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, macrophage-stimulating factor, parathyroid hormones, parathyroid hormone-releasing hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone and angiotensins.

20. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 12, wherein the water-absorbing and water-insoluble base material is crystalline cellulose.

21. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 12, wherein the water-absorbing and gel-forming base material is hydroxypropyl cellulose.

22. A powdery composition for nasal administration according to claim 21, wherein the hydroxypropyl cellulose has a viscosity of 150-4000 cps in 2% aqueous solution.

Summary for Patent:   Start Trial

Foriegn Application Priority Data
Foreign Country Foreign Patent Number Foreign Patent Date
Japan8-39553Feb 27, 1996
Japan8-41079Feb 28, 1996

Details for Patent 7,731,990

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Number Approval Date Patent No. Assignee Estimated Patent Expiration Status Orphan Source
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 001 2015-01-23   Start Trial Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP) 2016-02-27 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 002 2015-01-23   Start Trial Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP) 2016-02-27 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 003 2015-01-23   Start Trial Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP) 2016-02-27 RX Orphan search
Nps Pharms Inc NATPARA parathyroid hormone INJECTABLE;INJECTION 125511 004 2015-01-23   Start Trial Teijin Limited (Osaka, JP) 2016-02-27 RX Orphan search
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Number >Approval Date >Patent No. >Assignee >Estimated Patent Expiration >Status >Orphan >Source

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