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Last Updated: January 26, 2022

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Claims for Patent: 6,130,366

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Summary for Patent: 6,130,366
Title: Chimaeric gene coding for a transit peptide and a heterologous polypeptide
Abstract:Chimaeric DNA sequence which encodes: 1) a transmit peptide of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or polypeptide of a plant and 2) a protein or polypeptide that is heterologous to the transit peptide. The chimaeric DNA sequence can be used as a vector for transforming a plant cell so that a chimaeric precursor of the heterologous protein or polypeptide is produced in the cytoplasm of the cell and the chimaeric precursor then transports the heterologous protein or polypeptide in vivo into a chloroplast of the cell.
Inventor(s): Herrera-Estrella; Luis (Ghent, BE), Van Den Broeck; Guidi (Ghent, BE), Van Montagu; Marc (Brussels, BE), Schreier; Peter (Cologne, DE), Schell; Josef (Cologne, DE), Bohnert; Hans J. (Tucson, AZ), Cashomore; Anthony R. (Woodside, NY), Timko; Michael P. (New York, NY), Kausch; Albert P. (Durham, NH)
Assignee: Plant Genetic Systems (Gent, BE) Bayer AG (Leverkusen, DE)
Application Number:08/984,151
Patent Claims:1. A plant comprising in its nuclear genome a chimaeric DNA sequence, comprising:

a.) a nucleic acid sequence coding for a chimaeric protein or polypeptide comprising:

i.) a transit peptide of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or chloroplast polypeptide of a plant species; and

ii.) a protein or polypeptide of interest which is different from the polypeptide or protein normally associated with said transit peptide in a cytoplasmic precursor, wherein said transit peptide is located in the amino-terminal part of said chimaeric protein or polypeptide; and

b.) a promoter upstream of said nucleic acid sequence recognized by polymerases endogenous to said plant; wherein the chimaeric DNA sequence can be expressed in cells of said plant under control of said promoter, and said protein or polypeptide of interest is translocated into chloroplasts of cells of said plant.

2. The plant of claim 1, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest confers resistance to an herbicide.

3. The plant of claim 2, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is an acetolactate synthase.

4. The plant of claim 2, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is 5-enol pyruvyl-3-phosphoshikimate synthase.

5. The plant of claim 1, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is of bacterial origin.

6. The plant of claim 1, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is of plant origin.

7. The plant of claim 1, in which the first amino acid of said protein or polypeptide of interest is a methionine.

8. The plant of claim 1, in which no more than the first seven amino acids of said protein or polypeptide of interest are encoded by a synthetic nucleotide linker.

9. The plant of claim 1, in which said transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein selected from the group consisting of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, and chlorophyll a/b binding protein.

10. The plant of claim 9, in which the transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase of a plant selected from the group consisting of soybean, pea, duckweed, and wheat.

11. The plant of claim 9 in which the transit peptide has the sequence selected from the group consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No 2 and the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No 4.

12. The plant of claim 1, in which said promoter is normally associated with the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

13. The plant of claim 12, in which said promoter is a promoter of a gene selected from the group consisting of the plastocyanin gene, the ferredoxin- NADP+oxydoreductase gene, the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase gene, and the chlorophyll a/b binding protein gene.

14. The plant of claim 1, in which said promoter is foreign to the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

15. The plant of claim 14, in which said promoter is a promoter of the nopaline synthase gene.

16. A plant comprising in its nuclear genome a chimaeric DNA sequence comprising:

a.) a nucleic acid sequence coding for a chimaeric protein or polypeptide comprising in sequence:

(1) a transit peptide of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or chloroplast polypeptide of a plant species, and

(2) a hybrid protein comprising in sequence:

(i) a linker, and

(ii) a protein or polypeptide of interest which is different from the polypeptide or protein normally associated with said transit peptide in said cytoplasmic precursor wherein said linker does not significantly alter the biological property of said protein or polypeptide of interest in said hybrid protein, and

b.) a promoter upstream of said nucleic acid sequence recognized by polymerases endogenous to a plant, wherein the chimaeric DNA sequence is expressed in cells of said plant under the control of said promoter, and said hybrid protein is translocated into the chloroplasts of said cells of the plant.

17. The plant of claim 16, wherein said linker is a N-terminal part of a chloroplast protein or chloroplast polypeptide derived from a natural cytoplasmic precursor thereof by proteotypical removal of its transit peptide.

18. The plant of claim 16, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is of bacterial origin.

19. The plant of claim 16, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is of plant origin.

20. The plant of claim 16, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest confers resistance to an herbicide.

21. The plant of claim 16, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is an acetolactate synthase.

22. The plant of claim 16, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is 5-enol pyruvyl-3-phosphoshikimate synthase.

23. The plant of claim 16, in which said N-terminal part is encoded by a DNA sequence that comprises an intron.

24. The plant of claim 16, in which said transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein selected from the group consisting of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, and chlorophyll a/b binding protein.

25. The plant of claim 24, in which the transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase of a plant selected from the group consisting of soybean, pea, duckweed and wheat.

26. The plant of claim 24, in which the transit peptide has the sequence selected from the group consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No 2 and the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No. 4.

27. The plant of claim 16, in which said promoter is normally associated with the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

28. The plant of claim 27, in which said promoter is a promoter of a gene selected from the group consisting of the plastocyanin gene, the ferredoxin-NADP+oxydoreductase gene, the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase gene, and the chlorophyll a/b binding protein gene.

29. The plant of claim 16, in which said promoter is foreign to the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

30. The plant of claim 29, in which said promoter is a promoter of the nopaline synthase gene.

31. A plant comprising in its genome a chimaeric DNA sequence comprising:

a.) a nucleic acid sequence coding for a chimaeric protein or polypeptide comprising in sequence:

(1) a transit peptide of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or chloroplast polypeptide of a plant species, and,

(2) a fusion protein comprising in sequence,

(i) a N-terminal part consisting of no more than the first 22 N-terminal amino acids of the amino acid sequence of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or polypeptide after prototypical removal of its transit peptide upon translocation into the chloroplast of a cell of a plant,

(ii) a protein or polypeptide of interest which is different from the polypeptide or protein normally associated with said transit peptide, and,

b.) a promoter upstream of said nucleic acid sequence recognized by polymerases endogenous to said plant, wherein the chimaeric DNA sequence is expressed in cells of said plant under the control of said promoter, and said fusion protein is translocated into the chloroplasts of said cells of said plants.

32. An image forming aparatus on which at least one set of ink jet recording heads is mountable, each of the ink jet recording heads of a same set discharging one of a plurality of inks which belong to a same color family and have different densities, ink jet recording heads of a same set comprise a thick ink jet recording head associated with thick ink of one color family, and a thin ink jet recording head associated with thin ink of the one color family, the image forming apparatus comprising:

detecting means for detecting a failure of ink discharge of the ink jet recording heads;

mode selecting means for selecting, in response to a detection signal outputted from said detecting means, a recording mode of the ink jet recording heads from among i) a mode to use both of thick and thin ink, ii) a mode to use only thin ink, and iii) a mode to use only thick ink;

first control means for controlling the driving of the ink jet recording heads in accordance with a recording mode selected by said mode selecting means; and

second control means for setting a recording density on a recording medium in accordance with the mode selected by the mode selection means,

wherein said mode selecting means selects the mode which uses only thick ink from the thick ink head of each set if the detection signal indicates that ink discharge of the thin ink head has failed, and the mode which uses only thin ink from the thin ink head of each set if the detection signal indicates that ink discharge of the thick ink head has failed.

33. The plant of claim 31, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is of plant origin.

34. The plant of claim 31, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest confers resistance to an herbicide.

35. The plant of claim 34, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is an acetolactate synthase.

36. The plant of claim 34, in which said protein or polypeptide of interest is 5-enol pyruvyl-3-phosphoshikimate synthase.

37. The plant of claim 31, in which said N-terminal part is encoded by a DNA sequence that comprises an intron.

38. The plant of claim 31, in which said N-terminal part is from the small subunit of the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase of Pisum sativum.

39. The plant of claim 31, in which said N-terminal part consists of no more than the first five N-terminal amino acids of said amino acid sequence of a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein or polypeptide after proteotypical removal of its transit peptide upon translocation into the choroplast of a cell of a plant.

40. The plant of claim 39, in which said N-terminal part has the sequence M-Q-V-W-P.

41. The plant of claim 31, in which said transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of a chloroplast protein selected from the group consisting of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, and chlorophyll a/b binding protein.

42. The plant of claim 31, in which the transit peptide is from a cytoplasmic precursor of the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase of a plant selected from the group consisting of soybean, pea, duckweed, and wheat.

43. The plant of claim 31 in which the transit peptide has the sequence selected for the group consisting of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No 2 and the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID No. 4.

44. The plant of claim 31, in which said promoter is normally associated with the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

45. The plant of claim 44, in which said promoter is a promoter of a gene selected from the group consisting of the plastocyanin gene, the ferredoxin-NADP+oxydoreductase gene, the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase gene, and the chlorphyll a/b binding protein gene.

46. The plant of claim 31, in which said promoter is foreign to the DNA encoding said transit peptide.

47. The plant of claim 46, in which said promoter is a promoter of the nopaline synthase gene.

48. A seed of the plant of any one of claims 1 to 6, 9, 16, 17, and 31, comprising said chimaeric DNA sequence.

49. A cell of the plant of any one of claims 1 to 6, 9, 16, 17, and 31, comprising said chimaeric DNA sequence.

Details for Patent 6,130,366

Applicant Tradename Biologic Ingredient Dosage Form BLA Approval Date Patent No. Expiredate
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. INTRON A interferon alfa-2b For Injection 103132 1986-06-04 ⤷  Sign up for a Free Trial 2004-12-28
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. INTRON A interferon alfa-2b For Injection 103132 ⤷  Sign up for a Free Trial 2004-12-28
>Applicant >Tradename >Biologic Ingredient >Dosage Form >BLA >Approval Date >Patent No. >Expiredate

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